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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 7/7] PCI: dwc: Add validation that PCIe core is set to correct mode
Date
On Thu, 2019-08-22 at 12:13 +0100, Andrew Murray wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 21, 2019 at 06:47:45PM +0300, Jonathan Chocron wrote:
> > Some PCIe controllers can be set to either Host or EP according to
> > some
> > early boot FW. To make sure there is no discrepancy (e.g. FW
> > configured
> > the port to EP mode while the DT specifies it as a host bridge or
> > vice
> > versa), a check has been added for each mode.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jonathan Chocron <jonnyc@amazon.com>
> > Acked-by: Gustavo Pimentel <gustavo.pimentel@synopsys.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-ep.c | 8 ++++++++
> > drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c | 8 ++++++++
> > 2 files changed, 16 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-ep.c
> > b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-ep.c
> > index 2bf5a35c0570..00e59a134b93 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-ep.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-ep.c
> > @@ -531,6 +531,7 @@ int dw_pcie_ep_init(struct dw_pcie_ep *ep)
> > int ret;
> > u32 reg;
> > void *addr;
> > + u8 hdr_type;
> > unsigned int nbars;
> > unsigned int offset;
> > struct pci_epc *epc;
> > @@ -543,6 +544,13 @@ int dw_pcie_ep_init(struct dw_pcie_ep *ep)
> > return -EINVAL;
> > }
> >
> > + hdr_type = dw_pcie_readb_dbi(pci, PCI_HEADER_TYPE);
> > + if (hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_NORMAL) {
> > + dev_err(pci->dev, "PCIe controller is not set to EP
> > mode (hdr_type:0x%x)!\n",
> > + hdr_type);
> > + return -EIO;
> > + }
> > +
> > ret = of_property_read_u32(np, "num-ib-windows", &ep-
> > >num_ib_windows);
> > if (ret < 0) {
> > dev_err(dev, "Unable to read *num-ib-windows*
> > property\n");
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > index f93252d0da5b..d2ca748e4c85 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware-host.c
> > @@ -323,6 +323,7 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
> > struct pci_bus *child;
> > struct pci_host_bridge *bridge;
> > struct resource *cfg_res;
> > + u8 hdr_type;
> > int ret;
> >
> > raw_spin_lock_init(&pci->pp.lock);
> > @@ -396,6 +397,13 @@ int dw_pcie_host_init(struct pcie_port *pp)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > + hdr_type = dw_pcie_readb_dbi(pci, PCI_HEADER_TYPE);
>
> Do we know if it's always safe to read these registers at this point
> in time?
>
> Later in dw_pcie_host_init we call pp->ops->host_init - looking at
> the
> implementations of .host_init I can see:
>
> - resets being performed (qcom_ep_reset_assert,
> artpec6_pcie_assert_core_reset, imx6_pcie_assert_core_reset)
> - changes to config space registers (ks_pcie_init_id,
> dw_pcie_setup_rc)
> including setting PCI_CLASS_DEVICE
> - and clocks being enabled (qcom_pcie_init_1_0_0)
>
Good point! This indeed might break host drivers which actually setup
the rc in the kernel, and don't depend on early boot FW. So the
validation should probably be moved to after pp->ops->host_init() (and
similarly after ep->ops->ep_init() for the ep driver), right?

> I'm not sure if your changes would cause anything to break for these
> other
> controllers (or future controllers) as I couldn't see any other reads
> to the
> config.
>
> Given that we are reading config space should dw_pcie_rd_own_conf be
> used?

The config space of the DW core is located at the beginning of the DBI
regspace. Furthermore, this would break the "symmetry" between the host
and ep validations (since the ep has no notion of reading from config
space nor a .read callback in struct dw_pcie_ep_ops). I agree that
there is some sort of overlap between the dw_pcie_read{/write}_dbi
dw_pcie_rd{/wr}_own_conf APIs, when accessing the host mode config
space, but I assume that any host driver which supplies a callback for
.rd_own_conf() must supply an equivalent .read_dbi() one as well.

> (For example kirin_pcie_rd_own_conf does something special).
>
They specifically define an equivalent kirin_pcie_read_dbi().

> Thanks,
>
> Andrew Murray
>
> > + if (hdr_type != PCI_HEADER_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
> > + dev_err(pci->dev, "PCIe controller is not set to bridge
> > type (hdr_type: 0x%x)!\n",
> > + hdr_type);
> > + return -EIO;
> > + }
> > +
> > pp->mem_base = pp->mem->start;
> >
> > if (!pp->va_cfg0_base) {
> > --
> > 2.17.1
> >
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