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Subject[PATCH] ext4: change the type of ext4 cache stats to percpu_counter to improve performance
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From: Yang Guo <guoyang2@huawei.com>

@es_stats_cache_hits and @es_stats_cache_misses are accessed frequently in
ext4_es_lookup_extent function, it would influence the ext4 read/write
performance in NUMA system.
Let's optimize it using percpu_counter, it is profitable for the
performance.

The test command is as below:
fio -name=randwrite -numjobs=8 -filename=/mnt/test1 -rw=randwrite
-ioengine=libaio -direct=1 -iodepth=64 -sync=0 -norandommap -group_reporting
-runtime=120 -time_based -bs=4k -size=5G

And the result is better 10% than the initial implement:
without the patch,IOPS=197k, BW=770MiB/s (808MB/s)(90.3GiB/120002msec)
with the patch, IOPS=218k, BW=852MiB/s (894MB/s)(99.9GiB/120002msec)

Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca>
Signed-off-by: Yang Guo <guoyang2@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Shaokun Zhang <zhangshaokun@hisilicon.com>
---
fs/ext4/extents_status.c | 20 +++++++++++++-------
fs/ext4/extents_status.h | 4 ++--
2 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents_status.c b/fs/ext4/extents_status.c
index 7521de2dcf3a..7699e80ae236 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents_status.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents_status.c
@@ -947,9 +947,9 @@ int ext4_es_lookup_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk,
es->es_pblk = es1->es_pblk;
if (!ext4_es_is_referenced(es1))
ext4_es_set_referenced(es1);
- stats->es_stats_cache_hits++;
+ percpu_counter_inc(&stats->es_stats_cache_hits);
} else {
- stats->es_stats_cache_misses++;
+ percpu_counter_inc(&stats->es_stats_cache_misses);
}

read_unlock(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_es_lock);
@@ -1235,9 +1235,9 @@ int ext4_seq_es_shrinker_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
seq_printf(seq, "stats:\n %lld objects\n %lld reclaimable objects\n",
percpu_counter_sum_positive(&es_stats->es_stats_all_cnt),
percpu_counter_sum_positive(&es_stats->es_stats_shk_cnt));
- seq_printf(seq, " %lu/%lu cache hits/misses\n",
- es_stats->es_stats_cache_hits,
- es_stats->es_stats_cache_misses);
+ seq_printf(seq, " %llu/%llu cache hits/misses\n",
+ percpu_counter_sum_positive(&es_stats->es_stats_cache_hits),
+ percpu_counter_sum_positive(&es_stats->es_stats_cache_misses));
if (inode_cnt)
seq_printf(seq, " %d inodes on list\n", inode_cnt);

@@ -1264,8 +1264,14 @@ int ext4_es_register_shrinker(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
sbi->s_es_nr_inode = 0;
spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_es_lock);
sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_shrunk = 0;
- sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_cache_hits = 0;
- sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_cache_misses = 0;
+ err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_cache_hits, 0,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_cache_misses, 0,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_scan_time = 0;
sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_max_scan_time = 0;
err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_es_stats.es_stats_all_cnt, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents_status.h b/fs/ext4/extents_status.h
index 131a8b7df265..e722dd9bd06e 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents_status.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents_status.h
@@ -70,8 +70,8 @@ struct ext4_es_tree {

struct ext4_es_stats {
unsigned long es_stats_shrunk;
- unsigned long es_stats_cache_hits;
- unsigned long es_stats_cache_misses;
+ struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_hits;
+ struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_misses;
u64 es_stats_scan_time;
u64 es_stats_max_scan_time;
struct percpu_counter es_stats_all_cnt;
--
2.7.4
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