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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 bpf-next 1/4] tracing/probe: Add PERF_EVENT_IOC_QUERY_PROBE ioctl
On Wed, Aug 21, 2019 at 04:54:47PM +0000, Yonghong Song wrote:
> Currently, in kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c, we have
>
> unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx)
> {
> unsigned int ret;
>
> if (in_nmi()) /* not supported yet */
> return 1;
>
> preempt_disable();
>
> if (unlikely(__this_cpu_inc_return(bpf_prog_active) != 1)) {

Yes, I'm aware of that.

> In the above, the events with bpf program attached will be missed
> if the context is nmi interrupt, or if some recursion happens even with
> the same or different bpf programs.
> In case of recursion, the events will not be sent to ring buffer.

And while that is significantly worse than what ftrace/perf have, it is
fundamentally the same thing.

perf allows (and iirc ftrace does too) 4 nested context per CPU
(task,softirq,irq,nmi) but any recursion within those context and we
drop stuff.

The BPF stuff is just more eager to drop things on the floor, but it is
fundamentally the same.

> A lot of bpf-based tracing programs uses maps to communicate and
> do not allocate ring buffer at all.

So extending PERF_RECORD_LOST doesn't work. But PERF_FORMAT_LOST might
still work fine; but you get to implement it for all software events.

> Maybe we can still use ioctl based approach which is light weighted
> compared to ring buffer approach? If a fd has bpf attached, nhit/nmisses
> means the kprobe is processed by bpf program or not.

There is nothing kprobe specific here. Kprobes just appear to be the
only one actually accounting the recursion cases, but everyone has
them.

> Currently, for debugfs, the nhit/nmisses info is exposed at
> {k|u}probe_profile. Alternative, we could expose the nhit/nmisses
> in /proc/self/fdinfo/<fd>. User can query this interface to
> get numbers.

No, we're not adding stuff to procfs for this.

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