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SubjectRe: [PATCH] perf/x86: Consider pinned events for group validation
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On 8/20/2019 10:10 AM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Fri, Aug 16, 2019 at 10:49:10AM -0700, kan.liang@linux.intel.com wrote:
>> From: Kan Liang <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
>>
>> perf stat -M metrics relies on weak groups to reject unschedulable
>> groups and run them as non-groups.
>> This uses the group validation code in the kernel. Unfortunately
>> that code doesn't take pinned events, such as the NMI watchdog, into
>> account. So some groups can pass validation, but then later still
>> never schedule.
>
> But if you first create the group and then a pinned event it 'works',
> which is inconsistent and makes all this timing dependent.

I don't think so. The pinned event will be validated by
validate_event(), which doesn't simulate the schedule.
So the validation still pass, but the group still never schedule.

>
>> @@ -2011,9 +2011,11 @@ static int validate_event(struct perf_event *event)
>> */
>> static int validate_group(struct perf_event *event)
>> {
>> + struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_hw_events);
>> struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader;
>> struct cpu_hw_events *fake_cpuc;
>> - int ret = -EINVAL, n;
>> + struct perf_event *pinned_event;
>> + int ret = -EINVAL, n, i;
>>
>> fake_cpuc = allocate_fake_cpuc();
>> if (IS_ERR(fake_cpuc))
>> @@ -2033,6 +2035,24 @@ static int validate_group(struct perf_event *event)
>> if (n < 0)
>> goto out;
>>
>> + /*
>> + * The new group must can be scheduled
>> + * together with current pinned events.
>> + * Otherwise, it will never get a chance
>> + * to be scheduled later.
>
> That's wrapped short; also I don't think it is sufficient; what if you
> happen to have a pinned event on CPU1 (and not others) and happen to run
> validation for a new CPU1 event on CPUn ?
>

The patch doesn't support this case. It is mentioned in the description.
The patch doesn't intend to catch all possible cases that cannot be
scheduled. I think it's impossible to catch all cases.
We only want to improve the validate_group() a little bit to catch some
common cases, e.g. NMI watchdog interacting with group.


> Also; per that same; it is broken, you're accessing the cpu-local cpuc
> without serialization.

Do you mean accessing all cpuc serially?
We only check the cpuc on current CPU here. It doesn't intend to access
other cpuc.


Thanks,
Kan

>
>> + */
>> + for (i = 0; i < cpuc->n_events; i++) {
>> + pinned_event = cpuc->event_list[i];
>> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!pinned_event))
>> + continue;
>> + if (!pinned_event->attr.pinned)
>> + continue;
>> + fake_cpuc->n_events = n;
>> + n = collect_events(fake_cpuc, pinned_event, false);
>> + if (n < 0)
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> fake_cpuc->n_events = 0;
>> ret = x86_pmu.schedule_events(fake_cpuc, n, NULL);
>>
>> --
>> 2.7.4
>>

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