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SubjectRe: Bug#921146: Program mksquashfs from squashfs-tools 1:4.3-11 does not make use all CPU cores
On Fri, Aug 2, 2019 at 1:35 AM Theodore Y. Ts'o <> wrote:
> Phillip,

Hi Theodore (Ted),

Thank-you for your kind and well intentioned email. It has
de-escalated tensions on my side.

It is very late here, and so I can only be brief, but, I want this
said as soon as possible.

> Peace.

Yes, I would very much like that to happen.

> You may not like the fact that David Oberhollenzer (GitHub username
> AgentD) started an effort to implement a new set of tools to generate
> squashfs images on April 30th, 2019, and called it squashfs-tools-ng.
> However, it's really not fair to complain that there is a "violation
> of copyright" given that all of squashfs-tools was released is under
> the GPL. Using some text from squashfs-tools in the package
> description or documentation of squashfs-tools-ng is totally allowed
> under the GPL. You could complain that they didn't include an
> acknowledgement that text was taken from your program. But then give
> them time to fix up the acknowledgements. Assuming good faith is
> always a good default.
> The other thing that you've complained about is that some folks have
> (inaccurately, in your view) described squashfs-tools as not being
> maintained. I'd encourage you to take a step back, and consider how
> this might be quite understandable how they might have gotten that
> impression.
> First of all, let's look on the documentation in kernel source tree,
> located at Documentation/filesystems/squashfs.txt. It states that
> squashfs-tools's web site is, and the git tree is at
> git://
> The web site is not currently responding, but
> according to the Internet Archive, it was redirecting to
> This web site describes the latest
> version of squashfs-tools is 4.2, released in February 2011, It
> apparently wasn't updated when squashfs-tools 4.3 was released in May
> 2014.

I gave up on Sourceforge many years ago when it came unusable (in my
opinion) due to too many adverts.

If I knew how to remove Squashfs from Sourceforge to save confusion I
would have done so.

> The tree is identical to the's git
> tree. That tree's most recent commit is from August 2017, e38956b9
> ("squashfs-tools: Add zstd support"). Now, the fascinating thing is
> that the github tree has a completely different commit-id for the same
> commit is 61133613 ("squashfs-tools: Add zstd support"). The git
> commit that the two trees have in common is 9c1db6d1 from September
> 2014.
> Reconstructing the git history, you didn't make any commits between
> September 2014 and March 2017. At that time, you merged a number of
> github pull requests between 2014 and 2017, but then exported them as
> patches and applied them on the git trees.
> Why, I'm not sure.

I clicked the web merge button on GitHub, and then ended up with the
patches in the GitHUb repository (which I didn't use at the time), and
synced manually with

Blame lack of knowledge of GitHub. on my behalf. I tend to prefer
command-interfaces which can be scripted.

> In August 2017, you stopped updating the and sourceforge
> git trees, and abandoned them. After that for the rest of 2017, you
> merged one more pull request, and applied one commit to add the -nold
> option. In 2018, there were only two commits, in February and June.
> And then nothing until April 2019 (about the time that squash-tools-ng
> was started/announced), there has been a flurry of activity, including
> merging github pull requests from 2017 and 2018, antd you've done a
> lot of work since then.

The start of development in April and the co-incidence with the
squashfs-tools-ng project is purely coincidental. I didn't know
anything about squashfs-tools-ng until Matt Turner of Gentoo mentioned
it in an issue on GitHub
( nine days ago.

I didn't know about this co-incidence until you pointed it out. This
in fact may explain some of the mis-understanding.

I meant to do some development on Squashfs-tools over the last
Christmas vacation. I don't want to go into private family details.
but two deaths and a stroke in the family meant I had more important
things to deal with. April was then the first opportunity I got to do
some development.

I try to keep people up to date with my intentions and commitments,
and I mentioned all this in another issue on GitHub

> I say this not to criticize the amount of attention you've paid to
> squashfs-tools, but to point out that when David started work on
> squashfs-tools-ng, it's not unreasonable that he might have gotten the
> impression that development had ceased --- especially if he followed
> the documentation in the kernel sources, and found an extremely
> cobwebby website, and a git tree on that hadn't been
> updated since 2017, with substantive heavy development basically
> ending in 2014 (which is also when the last release of squashfs-tools
> was cut).

In 2012-2014 I was put into a difficult position. The previous year I
had started work @ Redhat as a kernel maintainer, which was leaving me
very little free time.

But the tools (especially Mksquashfs) which I had written in my spare
time between 2002-2009, when Squashfs was purely a hobbyist
filesystem, were increasingly breaking. There were issues with stack
size, overflows, and basically dozens of things which fuzzers and
others like to exploit to produce crashes etc.

I decided I had to do a major rewrite of Mksquashfs. It took over two
years, working all evenings available (from work) and most weekends
and at the end of it I felt completely burnt out. My intention was
this should give me space to concentrate on other things for a while,
having cleared up all the issues.

I went on vacation a couple of months after release, deliberately
where there was no internet (off grid). When I came back I found a
number of highly abusive emails from people, that had gotten more
abusive as I'd not answered them for a week. I then had what I now
recognise to be a nervous breakdown. I destroyed all my development
files and notes, and I couldn't bear to look at a line of Squashfs
code for a couple of months.

I obviously came back after a couple of months. But, I took the
decision to not let Squashfs become the nightmare it had been for a
couple of years. I would step back and cease to do pro-active
development and concentrate on security issues, bug fixes and

I genuinely felt things were going well and I was getting a good
balance between my life, my job, and Squashfs, until now.

Perhaps that is why I have reacted "so badly" now, it is called dismay.

I can't write anymore as it is already very late.

Best Regards


> You don't need to ascribe malice to what might just simply
> be an impression by looking in the official locations in the official
> kernel documentation!
> As a fellow kernel file system developer, let me make a few
> suggestions.
> * Don't worry about with "competing" software projects. For a while,
> a multi-billion dollar company attempted to maintain a BSD-licensed
> "competition" to some of the programs in e2fsprogs. This was
> because Andy Rubin was highly allergic to the GPL way back when. I
> pointed the independent implementation was creating invalid file
> systems, and was buggy, and in general was making that billion
> dollar company's life harder, not easier. They eventually gave up
> on it, and Android uses e2fsprogs these days.
> The whole point of open source is "may the best code win". If
> you're convinced that you, as the upstream kernel developer, can do
> a better job maintaining the userspace tools, then instead of
> complaining and threatening to sue, just keep your head down, and
> keep improving your code, and in the end, the best code will win.
> * I'd suggest that you make sure there is a single canonical git tree.
> It appears it's the github version of your git tree. So... starting
> with your github tree, do a "git merge" of the master branch from
>, and then push updates to github,, and
> It's fine to have multiple mirrors of your git
> tree. I maintain multiple copies of git e2fsprogs repo on
>, github, and sourceforge.
> * Please consider tagging your releases. There are git tags for
> squashfs 3.1 and 3.2, but none of your 4.x releases. It's going to
> make it much easier for other people to know which git commits
> correspond to your official releases. For bonus points, you could
> use signed git tags. If you need help getting that set up, please
> contact me off-line. I'd be delighted to help you with that.
> * Please consider updating the squashfs web site. I acutally keep a
> copy of the web site in the e2fsprogs git
> tree, under the "web" branch. You can see it here:
> * It can be handy to audit and apply/merge patches being carried by
> distributions. Before I took over the Debian maintainership of
> e2fsprogs, I would periodically scan the debian patches (and I still
> keep an eye to see what Ubuntu and Fedora have in their local
> patches). If any of those patches fix real bugs, I'll pull them
> into the e2fsprogs git repo, and then send a note to the
> distribution maintainer that I've done so, and let them know that in
> the next release, I've included their patch, and so they can drop it
> from their tree. That way, I can find and fix bugs introduced by
> distribution patches.
> In general, I've found that keeping on good terms with the
> distribution packagers is really good thing from the perspective of
> the upstream author.
> Best regards,
> - Ted

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