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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC] mm/memcontrol: reclaim severe usage over high limit in get_user_pages loop
On Thu 01-08-19 14:00:51, Yang Shi wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 29, 2019 at 11:48 AM Michal Hocko <> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon 29-07-19 10:28:43, Yang Shi wrote:
> > [...]
> > > I don't worry too much about scale since the scale issue is not unique
> > > to background reclaim, direct reclaim may run into the same problem.
> >
> > Just to clarify. By scaling problem I mean 1:1 kswapd thread to memcg.
> > You can have thousands of memcgs and I do not think we really do want
> > to create one kswapd for each. Once we have a kswapd thread pool then we
> > get into a tricky land where a determinism/fairness would be non trivial
> > to achieve. Direct reclaim, on the other hand is bound by the workload
> > itself.
> Yes, I agree thread pool would introduce more latency than dedicated
> kswapd thread. But, it looks not that bad in our test. When memory
> allocation is fast, even though dedicated kswapd thread can't catch
> up. So, such background reclaim is best effort, not guaranteed.
> I don't quite get what you mean about fairness. Do you mean they may
> spend excessive cpu time then cause other processes starvation? I
> think this could be mitigated by properly organizing and setting
> groups. But, I agree this is tricky.

No, I meant that the cost of reclaiming a unit of charges (e.g.
SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX) is not constant and depends on the state of the memory
on LRUs. Therefore any thread pool mechanism would lead to unfair
reclaim and non-deterministic behavior.

I can imagine a middle ground where the background reclaim would have to
be an opt-in feature and a dedicated kernel thread would be assigned to
the particular memcg (hierarchy).
Michal Hocko

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