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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 06/10] powerpc/fsl_booke/32: implement KASLR infrastructure
Date
On 7/31/2019 12:27 PM, Jason Yan wrote:
> This patch add support to boot kernel from places other than KERNELBASE.
> Since CONFIG_RELOCATABLE has already supported, what we need to do is
> map or copy kernel to a proper place and relocate. Freescale Book-E
> parts expect lowmem to be mapped by fixed TLB entries(TLB1). The TLB1
> entries are not suitable to map the kernel directly in a randomized
> region, so we chose to copy the kernel to a proper place and restart to
> relocate.
>
> The offset of the kernel was not randomized yet(a fixed 64M is set). We
> will randomize it in the next patch.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Yan <yanaijie@huawei.com>
> Cc: Diana Craciun <diana.craciun@nxp.com>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 11 +++
> arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c | 2 +-
> arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S | 13 ++-
> arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S | 13 ++-
> arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c | 84 +++++++++++++++++++
> arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h | 6 ++
> arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c | 7 +-
> 8 files changed, 124 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> index 77f6ebf97113..755378887912 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
> @@ -548,6 +548,17 @@ config RELOCATABLE
> setting can still be useful to bootwrappers that need to know the
> load address of the kernel (eg. u-boot/mkimage).
>
> +config RANDOMIZE_BASE
> + bool "Randomize the address of the kernel image"
> + depends on (FSL_BOOKE && FLATMEM && PPC32)
> + select RELOCATABLE
> + help
> + Randomizes the virtual address at which the kernel image is
> + loaded, as a security feature that deters exploit attempts
> + relying on knowledge of the location of kernel internals.
> +
> + If unsure, say N.
> +
> config RELOCATABLE_TEST
> bool "Test relocatable kernel"
> depends on (PPC64 && RELOCATABLE)
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
> index ea0c69236789..32f6c5b99307 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -106,6 +106,7 @@ extra-$(CONFIG_PPC_8xx) := head_8xx.o
> extra-y += vmlinux.lds
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_RELOCATABLE) += reloc_$(BITS).o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE) += kaslr_booke.o
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_PPC32) += entry_32.o setup_32.o early_32.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PPC64) += dma-iommu.o iommu.o
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c
> index 3482118ffe76..fe8347cdc07d 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c
> @@ -32,5 +32,5 @@ notrace unsigned long __init early_init(unsigned long dt_ptr)
>
> apply_feature_fixups();
>
> - return KERNELBASE + offset;
> + return kimage_vaddr + offset;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S
> index de0980945510..6d2967673ac7 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S
> @@ -161,17 +161,16 @@ skpinv: addi r6,r6,1 /* Increment */
> lis r6,(MAS1_VALID|MAS1_IPROT)@h
> ori r6,r6,(MAS1_TSIZE(BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M))@l
> mtspr SPRN_MAS1,r6
> - lis r6,MAS2_VAL(PAGE_OFFSET, BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M, M_IF_NEEDED)@h
> - ori r6,r6,MAS2_VAL(PAGE_OFFSET, BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M, M_IF_NEEDED)@l
> - mtspr SPRN_MAS2,r6
> + lis r6,MAS2_EPN_MASK(BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M)@h
> + ori r6,r6,MAS2_EPN_MASK(BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M)@l
> + and r6,r6,r20
> + ori r6,r6,M_IF_NEEDED@l
> + mtspr SPRN_MAS2,r6
> mtspr SPRN_MAS3,r8
> tlbwe
>
> /* 7. Jump to KERNELBASE mapping */

The code has changed, but the comment reflects the old code (it no
longer jumps to KERNELBASE, but to kimage_vaddr). This is true for step
6 as well.

> - lis r6,(KERNELBASE & ~0xfff)@h
> - ori r6,r6,(KERNELBASE & ~0xfff)@l
> - rlwinm r7,r25,0,0x03ffffff
> - add r6,r7,r6
> + mr r6,r20
>
> #elif defined(ENTRY_MAPPING_KEXEC_SETUP)
> /*
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S
> index 2083382dd662..aa55832e7506 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S
> @@ -155,6 +155,8 @@ _ENTRY(_start);
> */
>
> _ENTRY(__early_start)
> + LOAD_REG_ADDR_PIC(r20, kimage_vaddr)
> + lwz r20,0(r20)
>
> #define ENTRY_MAPPING_BOOT_SETUP
> #include "fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S"
> @@ -277,8 +279,8 @@ set_ivor:
> ori r6, r6, swapper_pg_dir@l
> lis r5, abatron_pteptrs@h
> ori r5, r5, abatron_pteptrs@l
> - lis r4, KERNELBASE@h
> - ori r4, r4, KERNELBASE@l
> + lis r3, kimage_vaddr@ha
> + lwz r4, kimage_vaddr@l(r3)
> stw r5, 0(r4) /* Save abatron_pteptrs at a fixed location */
> stw r6, 0(r5)
>
> @@ -1067,7 +1069,12 @@ __secondary_start:
> mr r5,r25 /* phys kernel start */
> rlwinm r5,r5,0,~0x3ffffff /* aligned 64M */
> subf r4,r5,r4 /* memstart_addr - phys kernel start */
> - li r5,0 /* no device tree */
> + lis r7,KERNELBASE@h
> + ori r7,r7,KERNELBASE@l
> + cmpw r20,r7 /* if kimage_vaddr != KERNELBASE, randomized */
> + beq 2f
> + li r4,0
> +2: li r5,0 /* no device tree */
> li r6,0 /* not boot cpu */
> bl restore_to_as0
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..30f84c0321b2
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Jason Yan <yanaijie@huawei.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/signal.h>
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/string.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/ptrace.h>
> +#include <linux/mman.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/swap.h>
> +#include <linux/stddef.h>
> +#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/highmem.h>
> +#include <linux/memblock.h>
> +#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
> +#include <asm/prom.h>
> +#include <asm/io.h>
> +#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
> +#include <asm/pgtable.h>
> +#include <asm/mmu.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +#include <asm/smp.h>
> +#include <asm/machdep.h>
> +#include <asm/setup.h>
> +#include <asm/paca.h>
> +#include <mm/mmu_decl.h>
> +
> +extern int is_second_reloc;
> +
> +static unsigned long __init kaslr_choose_location(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size,
> + unsigned long kernel_sz)
> +{
> + /* return a fixed offset of 64M for now */
> + return SZ_64M;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * To see if we need to relocate the kernel to a random offset
> + * void *dt_ptr - address of the device tree
> + * phys_addr_t size - size of the first memory block
> + */
> +notrace void __init kaslr_early_init(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size)
> +{
> + unsigned long tlb_virt;
> + phys_addr_t tlb_phys;
> + unsigned long offset;
> + unsigned long kernel_sz;
> +
> + kernel_sz = (unsigned long)_end - KERNELBASE;
> +
> + offset = kaslr_choose_location(dt_ptr, size, kernel_sz);
> +
> + if (offset == 0)
> + return;
> +
> + kimage_vaddr += offset;
> + kernstart_addr += offset;
> +
> + is_second_reloc = 1;
> +
> + if (offset >= SZ_64M) {
> + tlb_virt = round_down(kimage_vaddr, SZ_64M);
> + tlb_phys = round_down(kernstart_addr, SZ_64M);
> +
> + /* Create kernel map to relocate in */
> + create_tlb_entry(tlb_phys, tlb_virt, 1);
> + }
> +
> + /* Copy the kernel to it's new location and run */
> + memcpy((void *)kimage_vaddr, (void *)KERNELBASE, kernel_sz);
> +
> + reloc_kernel_entry(dt_ptr, kimage_vaddr);
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h
> index 804da298beb3..9332772c8a66 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h
> @@ -148,6 +148,12 @@ void reloc_kernel_entry(void *fdt, int addr);
> extern void loadcam_entry(unsigned int index);
> extern void loadcam_multi(int first_idx, int num, int tmp_idx);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
> +void kaslr_early_init(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size);
> +#else
> +static inline void kaslr_early_init(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size) {}
> +#endif
> +
> struct tlbcam {
> u32 MAS0;
> u32 MAS1;
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c
> index 556e3cd52a35..8d25a8dc965f 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c
> @@ -263,7 +263,8 @@ void setup_initial_memory_limit(phys_addr_t first_memblock_base,
> int __initdata is_second_reloc;
> notrace void __init relocate_init(u64 dt_ptr, phys_addr_t start)
> {
> - unsigned long base = KERNELBASE;
> + unsigned long base = kimage_vaddr;
> + phys_addr_t size;
>
> kernstart_addr = start;
> if (is_second_reloc) {
> @@ -291,7 +292,7 @@ notrace void __init relocate_init(u64 dt_ptr, phys_addr_t start)
> start &= ~0x3ffffff;
> base &= ~0x3ffffff;
> virt_phys_offset = base - start;
> - early_get_first_memblock_info(__va(dt_ptr), NULL);
> + early_get_first_memblock_info(__va(dt_ptr), &size);
> /*
> * We now get the memstart_addr, then we should check if this
> * address is the same as what the PAGE_OFFSET map to now. If
> @@ -316,6 +317,8 @@ notrace void __init relocate_init(u64 dt_ptr, phys_addr_t start)
> /* We should never reach here */
> panic("Relocation error");
> }
> +
> + kaslr_early_init(__va(dt_ptr), size);
> }
> #endif
> #endif


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