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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/8] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Substream IDs
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Hi Jean,

On 6/10/19 8:47 PM, Jean-Philippe Brucker wrote:
> At the moment, the SMMUv3 driver implements only one stage-1 or stage-2
> page directory per device. However SMMUv3 allows more than one address
> space for some devices, by providing multiple stage-1 page directories. In
> addition to the Stream ID (SID), that identifies a device, we can now have
> Substream IDs (SSID) identifying an address space. In PCIe, SID is called
> Requester ID (RID) and SSID is called Process Address-Space ID (PASID).
>
> Prepare the driver for SSID support, by adding context descriptor tables
> in STEs (previously a single static context descriptor). A complete
> stage-1 walk is now performed like this by the SMMU:
>
> Stream tables Ctx. tables Page tables
> +--------+ ,------->+-------+ ,------->+-------+
> : : | : : | : :
> +--------+ | +-------+ | +-------+
> SID->| STE |---' SSID->| CD |---' IOVA->| PTE |--> IPA
> +--------+ +-------+ +-------+
> : : : : : :
> +--------+ +-------+ +-------+
>
> Implement a single level of context descriptor table for now, but as with
> stream and page tables, an SSID can be split to index multiple levels of
> tables.
>
> In all stream table entries, we set S1DSS=SSID0 mode, making translations
> without an SSID use context descriptor 0. Although it would be possible by
> setting S1DSS=BYPASS, we don't currently support SSID when user selects
> iommu.passthrough.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
> ---
> drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 238 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> 1 file changed, 192 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> index 3254f473e681..d90eb604b65d 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
> @@ -219,6 +219,11 @@
> #define STRTAB_STE_0_S1CTXPTR_MASK GENMASK_ULL(51, 6)
> #define STRTAB_STE_0_S1CDMAX GENMASK_ULL(63, 59)
>
> +#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS GENMASK_ULL(1, 0)
> +#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_TERMINATE 0x0
> +#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_BYPASS 0x1
> +#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_SSID0 0x2
> +
> #define STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_NC 0UL
> #define STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA 1UL
> #define STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WT 2UL
> @@ -305,6 +310,7 @@
> #define CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_SIZE GENMASK_ULL(4, 0)
> #define CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_ADDR_MASK GENMASK_ULL(63, 12)
>
> +#define CMDQ_CFGI_0_SSID GENMASK_ULL(31, 12)
> #define CMDQ_CFGI_0_SID GENMASK_ULL(63, 32)
> #define CMDQ_CFGI_1_LEAF (1UL << 0)
> #define CMDQ_CFGI_1_RANGE GENMASK_ULL(4, 0)
> @@ -421,8 +427,11 @@ struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent {
>
> #define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_STE 0x3
> #define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_ALL 0x4
> + #define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD 0x5
> + #define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD_ALL 0x6
> struct {
> u32 sid;
> + u32 ssid;
> union {
> bool leaf;
> u8 span;
> @@ -506,16 +515,25 @@ struct arm_smmu_strtab_l1_desc {
> dma_addr_t l2ptr_dma;
> };
>
> +struct arm_smmu_cd_table {
> + __le64 *ptr;
> + dma_addr_t ptr_dma;
> +};
> +
> +struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc {
> + u16 asid;
> + u64 ttbr;
> + u64 tcr;
> + u64 mair;
> +};
> +
> struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg {
> - __le64 *cdptr;
> - dma_addr_t cdptr_dma;
> -
> - struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc {
> - u16 asid;
> - u64 ttbr;
> - u64 tcr;
> - u64 mair;
> - } cd;
> + u8 s1fmt;
> + u8 s1cdmax;
> + struct arm_smmu_cd_table table;
> +
> + /* Context descriptor 0, when substreams are disabled or s1dss = 0b10 */
> + struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc cd;
> };
>
> struct arm_smmu_s2_cfg {
> @@ -811,10 +829,16 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_build_cmd(u64 *cmd, struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent *ent)
> cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_SIZE, ent->prefetch.size);
> cmd[1] |= ent->prefetch.addr & CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_ADDR_MASK;
> break;
> + case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD:
> + cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_0_SSID, ent->cfgi.ssid);
> + /* Fallthrough */
> case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_STE:
> cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_0_SID, ent->cfgi.sid);
> cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_1_LEAF, ent->cfgi.leaf);
> break;
> + case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD_ALL:
> + cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_0_SID, ent->cfgi.sid);
> + break;
> case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_ALL:
> /* Cover the entire SID range */
> cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_1_RANGE, 31);
> @@ -1045,6 +1069,63 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_sync(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
> }
>
> /* Context descriptor manipulation functions */
> +static void arm_smmu_sync_cd(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
> + int ssid, bool leaf)
> +{
> + size_t i;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + struct arm_smmu_master *master;
> + struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
> + struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd = {
> + .opcode = CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD,
> + .cfgi = {
> + .ssid = ssid,
> + .leaf = leaf,
> + },
> + };
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&smmu_domain->devices_lock, flags);
> + list_for_each_entry(master, &smmu_domain->devices, domain_head) {
> + for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; i++) {
> + cmd.cfgi.sid = master->sids[i];
> + arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(smmu, &cmd);
> + }
> + }
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&smmu_domain->devices_lock, flags);
> +
> + arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_sync(smmu);
> +}
> +
> +static int arm_smmu_alloc_cd_leaf_table(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
> + struct arm_smmu_cd_table *table,
> + size_t num_entries)
> +{
> + size_t size = num_entries * (CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3);
> +
> + table->ptr = dmam_alloc_coherent(smmu->dev, size, &table->ptr_dma,
> + GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
> + if (!table->ptr) {
> + dev_warn(smmu->dev,
> + "failed to allocate context descriptor table\n");
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void arm_smmu_free_cd_leaf_table(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
> + struct arm_smmu_cd_table *table,
> + size_t num_entries)
> +{
> + size_t size = num_entries * (CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3);
> +
> + dmam_free_coherent(smmu->dev, size, table->ptr, table->ptr_dma);
> +}
> +
> +static __le64 *arm_smmu_get_cd_ptr(struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg, u32 ssid)
> +{
> + return cfg->table.ptr + ssid * CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS;
> +}
> +
> static u64 arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(u64 tcr)
> {
> u64 val = 0;
> @@ -1062,33 +1143,90 @@ static u64 arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(u64 tcr)
> return val;
> }
>
> -static void arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
> - struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg)
> +static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
> + int ssid, struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
> {
> u64 val;
> + bool cd_live;
> + struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
> + __le64 *cdptr = arm_smmu_get_cd_ptr(&smmu_domain->s1_cfg, ssid);
>
> /*
> - * We don't need to issue any invalidation here, as we'll invalidate
> - * the STE when installing the new entry anyway.
> + * This function handles the following cases:
> + *
> + * (1) Install primary CD, for normal DMA traffic (SSID = 0).
> + * (2) Install a secondary CD, for SID+SSID traffic.
> + * (3) Update ASID of a CD. Atomically write the first 64 bits of the
> + * CD, then invalidate the old entry and mappings.
Can you explain when (3) does occur?
> + * (4) Remove a secondary CD.
> */
> - val = arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(cfg->cd.tcr) |
> +
> + if (!cdptr)
> + return -ENOMEM;
Is that relevant? arm_smmu_get_cd_ptr() does not test ssid is within the
cfg->s1cdmax range and always return smthg != NULL AFAIU.
> +
> + val = le64_to_cpu(cdptr[0]);
> + cd_live = !!(val & CTXDESC_CD_0_V);
> +
> + if (!cd) { /* (4) */
> + cdptr[0] = 0;
> + } else if (cd_live) { /* (3) */
> + val &= ~CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID;
> + val |= FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cd->asid);
> +
> + cdptr[0] = cpu_to_le64(val);
> + /*
> + * Until CD+TLB invalidation, both ASIDs may be used for tagging
> + * this substream's traffic
> + */
> + } else { /* (1) and (2) */
> + cdptr[1] = cpu_to_le64(cd->ttbr & CTXDESC_CD_1_TTB0_MASK);
> + cdptr[2] = 0;
> + cdptr[3] = cpu_to_le64(cd->mair);
> +
> + /*
> + * STE is live, and the SMMU might fetch this CD at any
> + * time. Ensure that it observes the rest of the CD before we
> + * enable it.
> + */
> + arm_smmu_sync_cd(smmu_domain, ssid, true);
> +
> + val = arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(cd->tcr) |
> #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
> - CTXDESC_CD_0_ENDI |
> + CTXDESC_CD_0_ENDI |
> #endif
> - CTXDESC_CD_0_R | CTXDESC_CD_0_A | CTXDESC_CD_0_ASET |
> - CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64 | FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cfg->cd.asid) |
> - CTXDESC_CD_0_V;
> + CTXDESC_CD_0_R | CTXDESC_CD_0_A | CTXDESC_CD_0_ASET |
> + CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64 |
> + FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cd->asid) |
> + CTXDESC_CD_0_V;
> +
> + /* STALL_MODEL==0b10 && CD.S==0 is ILLEGAL */
> + if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE)
> + val |= CTXDESC_CD_0_S;
> +
> + cdptr[0] = cpu_to_le64(val);
> + }
>
> - /* STALL_MODEL==0b10 && CD.S==0 is ILLEGAL */
> - if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE)
> - val |= CTXDESC_CD_0_S;
> + arm_smmu_sync_cd(smmu_domain, ssid, true);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int arm_smmu_alloc_cd_tables(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
> + struct arm_smmu_master *master> +{
> + struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
> + struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;
>
> - cfg->cdptr[0] = cpu_to_le64(val);
> + cfg->s1fmt = STRTAB_STE_0_S1FMT_LINEAR;
> + cfg->s1cdmax = master->ssid_bits;
> + return arm_smmu_alloc_cd_leaf_table(smmu, &cfg->table, 1 << cfg->s1cdmax);
> +}
>
> - val = cfg->cd.ttbr & CTXDESC_CD_1_TTB0_MASK;
> - cfg->cdptr[1] = cpu_to_le64(val);
> +static void arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain)
> +{
> + struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
> + struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;
>
> - cfg->cdptr[3] = cpu_to_le64(cfg->cd.mair);
> + arm_smmu_free_cd_leaf_table(smmu, &cfg->table, 1 << cfg->s1cdmax);
> }
>
> /* Stream table manipulation functions */
> @@ -1210,6 +1348,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> if (s1_cfg) {
> BUG_ON(ste_live);
> dst[1] = cpu_to_le64(
> + FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS, STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_SSID0) |
> FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CIR, STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA) |
> FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1COR, STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA) |
> FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CSH, ARM_SMMU_SH_ISH) |
> @@ -1219,8 +1358,10 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> !(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE))
> dst[1] |= cpu_to_le64(STRTAB_STE_1_S1STALLD);
>
> - val |= (s1_cfg->cdptr_dma & STRTAB_STE_0_S1CTXPTR_MASK) |
> - FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG, STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S1_TRANS);
> + val |= (s1_cfg->table.ptr_dma & STRTAB_STE_0_S1CTXPTR_MASK) |
> + FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG, STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S1_TRANS) |
> + FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_S1CDMAX, s1_cfg->s1cdmax) |
> + FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_S1FMT, s1_cfg->s1fmt);
> }
>
> if (s2_cfg) {
> @@ -1674,12 +1815,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1) {
> struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;
>
> - if (cfg->cdptr) {
> - dmam_free_coherent(smmu_domain->smmu->dev,
> - CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3,
> - cfg->cdptr,
> - cfg->cdptr_dma);
> -
> + if (cfg->table.ptr) {
> + arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
> arm_smmu_bitmap_free(smmu->asid_map, cfg->cd.asid);
> }
> } else {
> @@ -1692,6 +1829,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> }
>
> static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
> + struct arm_smmu_master *master,
> struct io_pgtable_cfg *pgtbl_cfg)
> {
> int ret;
> @@ -1703,27 +1841,29 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
> if (asid < 0)
> return asid;
>
> - cfg->cdptr = dmam_alloc_coherent(smmu->dev, CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3,
> - &cfg->cdptr_dma,
> - GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
> - if (!cfg->cdptr) {
> - dev_warn(smmu->dev, "failed to allocate context descriptor\n");
> - ret = -ENOMEM;
> + ret = arm_smmu_alloc_cd_tables(smmu_domain, master);
> + if (ret)
> goto out_free_asid;
> - }
>
> cfg->cd.asid = (u16)asid;
> cfg->cd.ttbr = pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.ttbr[0];
> cfg->cd.tcr = pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.tcr;
> cfg->cd.mair = pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.mair[0];
> +
> + ret = arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu_domain, 0, &smmu_domain->s1_cfg.cd);
cfg.cd
> + if (ret)
> + goto out_free_table;
> return 0;
>
> +out_free_table:
> + arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
> out_free_asid:
> arm_smmu_bitmap_free(smmu->asid_map, asid);
> return ret;
> }
>
> static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s2(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
> + struct arm_smmu_master *master,
> struct io_pgtable_cfg *pgtbl_cfg)
> {
> int vmid;
> @@ -1740,7 +1880,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s2(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
> return 0;
> }
>
> -static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> +static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> + struct arm_smmu_master *master)
> {
> int ret;
> unsigned long ias, oas;
> @@ -1748,6 +1889,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> struct io_pgtable_cfg pgtbl_cfg;
> struct io_pgtable_ops *pgtbl_ops;
> int (*finalise_stage_fn)(struct arm_smmu_domain *,
> + struct arm_smmu_master *,
> struct io_pgtable_cfg *);
> struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain = to_smmu_domain(domain);
> struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
> @@ -1804,7 +1946,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain)
> domain->geometry.aperture_end = (1UL << pgtbl_cfg.ias) - 1;
> domain->geometry.force_aperture = true;
>
> - ret = finalise_stage_fn(smmu_domain, &pgtbl_cfg);
> + ret = finalise_stage_fn(smmu_domain, master, &pgtbl_cfg);
> if (ret < 0) {
> free_io_pgtable_ops(pgtbl_ops);
> return ret;
> @@ -1932,7 +2074,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
>
> if (!smmu_domain->smmu) {
> smmu_domain->smmu = smmu;
> - ret = arm_smmu_domain_finalise(domain);
> + ret = arm_smmu_domain_finalise(domain, master);
> if (ret) {
> smmu_domain->smmu = NULL;
> goto out_unlock;
> @@ -1944,6 +2086,13 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
> dev_name(smmu->dev));
> ret = -ENXIO;
> goto out_unlock;
> + } else if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1 &&
> + master->ssid_bits != smmu_domain->s1_cfg.s1cdmax) {
> + dev_err(dev,
> + "cannot attach to incompatible domain (%u SSID bits != %u)\n",
> + smmu_domain->s1_cfg.s1cdmax, master->ssid_bits);
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out_unlock;
> }
>
> master->domain = smmu_domain;
> @@ -1955,9 +2104,6 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
> if (smmu_domain->stage != ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_BYPASS)
> arm_smmu_enable_ats(master);
>
> - if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1)
> - arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu, &smmu_domain->s1_cfg);
> -
> arm_smmu_install_ste_for_dev(master);
> out_unlock:
> mutex_unlock(&smmu_domain->init_mutex);
>
Thanks

Eric

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