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SubjectRe: [PATCH bpf-next RFC v3 2/6] bpf: add BPF_MAP_DUMP command to dump more than one entry per call
On Wed, Jul 3, 2019 at 10:03 AM Brian Vazquez <brianvv@google.com> wrote:
>
> This introduces a new command to retrieve a variable number of entries
> from a bpf map wrapping the existing bpf methods:
> map_get_next_key and map_lookup_elem
>
> To start dumping the map from the beginning you must specify NULL as
> the prev_key.
>
> The new API returns 0 when it successfully copied all the elements
> requested or it copied less because there weren't more elements to
> retrieved (err == -ENOENT). In last scenario err will be masked to 0.
>
> On a successful call buf and buf_len will contain correct data and in
> case prev_key was provided (not for the first walk, since prev_key is
> NULL) it will contain the last_key copied into the buf which will simplify
> next call.
>
> Only when it can't find a single element it will return -ENOENT meaning
> that the map has been entirely walked. When an error is return buf,
> buf_len and prev_key shouldn't be read nor used.
>
> Because maps can be called from userspace and kernel code, this function
> can have a scenario where the next_key was found but by the time we
> try to retrieve the value the element is not there, in this case the
> function continues and tries to get a new next_key value, skipping the
> deleted key. If at some point the function find itself trap in a loop,
> it will return -EINTR.
>
> The function will try to fit as much as possible in the buf provided and
> will return -EINVAL if buf_len is smaller than elem_size.
>
> QUEUE and STACK maps are not supported.
>
> Note that map_dump doesn't guarantee that reading the entire table is
> consistent since this function is always racing with kernel and user code
> but the same behaviour is found when the entire table is walked using
> the current interfaces: map_get_next_key + map_lookup_elem.
> It is also important to note that when a locked map the lock is grabbed for
> 1 entry at the time, meaning that the buf returned might or might not be
> consistent.

First, thanks for the RFC. I do think there are use cases where
batch dumping helps.
Some comments below.

>
> Suggested-by: Stanislav Fomichev <sdf@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Brian Vazquez <brianvv@google.com>
> ---
> include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 9 +++
> kernel/bpf/syscall.c | 118 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 127 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> index cffea1826a1f..cc589570a639 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -106,6 +106,7 @@ enum bpf_cmd {
> BPF_TASK_FD_QUERY,
> BPF_MAP_LOOKUP_AND_DELETE_ELEM,
> BPF_MAP_FREEZE,
> + BPF_MAP_DUMP,
> };
>
> enum bpf_map_type {
> @@ -388,6 +389,14 @@ union bpf_attr {
> __u64 flags;
> };
>
> + struct { /* struct used by BPF_MAP_DUMP command */
> + __u32 map_fd;
> + __aligned_u64 prev_key;
> + __aligned_u64 buf;
> + __aligned_u64 buf_len; /* input/output: len of buf */
> + __u64 flags;
> + } dump;

Maybe you can swap map_fd and flags?
This way, you won't have hole right after map_fd?

> +
> struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_PROG_LOAD command */
> __u32 prog_type; /* one of enum bpf_prog_type */
> __u32 insn_cnt;
> diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
> index d200d2837ade..78d55463fc76 100644
> --- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
> +++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
> @@ -1097,6 +1097,121 @@ static int map_get_next_key(union bpf_attr *attr)
> return err;
> }
>
> +/* last field in 'union bpf_attr' used by this command */
> +#define BPF_MAP_DUMP_LAST_FIELD dump.buf_len
> +
> +static int map_dump(union bpf_attr *attr)
> +{
> + void __user *ukey = u64_to_user_ptr(attr->dump.prev_key);
> + void __user *ubuf = u64_to_user_ptr(attr->dump.buf);
> + u32 __user *ubuf_len = u64_to_user_ptr(attr->dump.buf_len);
> + int ufd = attr->dump.map_fd;
> + struct bpf_map *map;
> + void *buf, *prev_key, *key, *value;
> + u32 value_size, elem_size, buf_len, cp_len;
> + struct fd f;
> + int err;
> + bool first_key = false;
> +
> + if (CHECK_ATTR(BPF_MAP_DUMP))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + attr->flags = 0;

Why do you want attr->flags? This is to modify anonumous struct used by
BPF_MAP_*_ELEM commands.

> + if (attr->dump.flags & ~BPF_F_LOCK)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + f = fdget(ufd);
> + map = __bpf_map_get(f);
> + if (IS_ERR(map))
> + return PTR_ERR(map);
> + if (!(map_get_sys_perms(map, f) & FMODE_CAN_READ)) {
> + err = -EPERM;
> + goto err_put;
> + }
> +
> + if ((attr->dump.flags & BPF_F_LOCK) &&
> + !map_value_has_spin_lock(map)) {
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto err_put;
> + }
> +
> + if (map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_QUEUE ||
> + map->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_STACK) {
> + err = -ENOTSUPP;
> + goto err_put;
> + }
> +
> + value_size = bpf_map_value_size(map);
> +
> + err = get_user(buf_len, ubuf_len);
> + if (err)
> + goto err_put;
> +
> + elem_size = map->key_size + value_size;
> + if (buf_len < elem_size) {
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto err_put;
> + }
> +
> + if (ukey) {
> + prev_key = __bpf_copy_key(ukey, map->key_size);
> + if (IS_ERR(prev_key)) {
> + err = PTR_ERR(prev_key);
> + goto err_put;
> + }
> + } else {
> + prev_key = NULL;
> + first_key = true;
> + }
> +
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + buf = kmalloc(elem_size, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
> + if (!buf)
> + goto err_put;
> +
> + key = buf;
> + value = key + map->key_size;
> + for (cp_len = 0; cp_len + elem_size <= buf_len;) {
> + if (signal_pending(current)) {
> + err = -EINTR;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + err = map->ops->map_get_next_key(map, prev_key, key);
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> + if (err)
> + break;
> +
> + err = bpf_map_copy_value(map, key, value, attr->dump.flags);
> +
> + if (err == -ENOENT)
> + continue;
> + if (err)
> + goto free_buf;
> +
> + if (copy_to_user(ubuf + cp_len, buf, elem_size)) {
> + err = -EFAULT;
> + goto free_buf;
> + }
> +
> + prev_key = key;
> + cp_len += elem_size;
> + }
> +
> + if (err == -ENOENT && cp_len)
> + err = 0;
> + if (!err && (copy_to_user(ubuf_len, &cp_len, sizeof(cp_len)) ||
> + (!first_key && copy_to_user(ukey, key, map->key_size))))
> + err = -EFAULT;
> +free_buf:
> + kfree(buf);
> +err_put:
> + fdput(f);
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> #define BPF_MAP_LOOKUP_AND_DELETE_ELEM_LAST_FIELD value
>
> static int map_lookup_and_delete_elem(union bpf_attr *attr)
> @@ -2910,6 +3025,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(bpf, int, cmd, union bpf_attr __user *, uattr, unsigned int, siz
> case BPF_MAP_LOOKUP_AND_DELETE_ELEM:
> err = map_lookup_and_delete_elem(&attr);
> break;
> + case BPF_MAP_DUMP:
> + err = map_dump(&attr);
> + break;

In bcc, we have use cases like this. At a certain time interval (e.g.,
every 2 seconds),
we get all key/value pairs for a map, we format and print out map
key/values on the screen,
and then delete all key/value pairs we retrieved earlier.

Currently, bpf_get_next_key() is used to get all key/value pairs, and
deletion also happened
at each key level.

Your batch dump command should help retrieving map key/value pairs.
What do you think deletions of those just retrieved map entries?
With an additional flag and fold into BPF_MAP_DUMP?
or implement a new BPF_MAP_DUMP_AND_DELETE?

I mentioned this so that we can start discussion now.
You do not need to implement batch deletion part, but let us
have a design extensible for that.

Thanks.

> default:
> err = -EINVAL;
> break;
> --
> 2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog
>

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