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SubjectRe: [PATCH] docs: packing: move it to core-api book and adjust markups
On Sat, 29 Jun 2019 at 13:37, Mauro Carvalho Chehab
<mchehab+samsung@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> The packing.txt file was misplaced, as docs should be part of
> a documentation book, and not at the root dir.
>
> So, move it to the core-api directory and add to its index.
>
> Also, ensure that the file will be properly parsed and the bitmap
> ascii artwork will use a monotonic font.
>
> Fixes: 554aae35007e ("lib: Add support for generic packing operations")
> Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>

Reviewed-by: Vladimir Oltean <olteanv@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Vladimir Oltean <olteanv@gmail.com>

> ---
> Documentation/core-api/index.rst | 1 +
> .../{packing.txt => core-api/packing.rst} | 81 +++++++++++--------
> 2 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)
> rename Documentation/{packing.txt => core-api/packing.rst} (61%)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/index.rst b/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
> index d1e5b95bf86d..aebb16d7771f 100644
> --- a/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/core-api/index.rst
> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ Core utilities
> librs
> genalloc
> errseq
> + packing
> printk-formats
> circular-buffers
> generic-radix-tree
> diff --git a/Documentation/packing.txt b/Documentation/core-api/packing.rst
> similarity index 61%
> rename from Documentation/packing.txt
> rename to Documentation/core-api/packing.rst
> index f830c98645f1..d8c341fe383e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/packing.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/core-api/packing.rst
> @@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ The solution
> ------------
>
> This API deals with 2 basic operations:
> +
> - Packing a CPU-usable number into a memory buffer (with hardware
> constraints/quirks)
> - Unpacking a memory buffer (which has hardware constraints/quirks)
> @@ -49,10 +50,12 @@ What the examples show is where the logical bytes and bits sit.
>
> 1. Normally (no quirks), we would do it like this:
>
> -63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
> -7 6 5 4
> -31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
> -3 2 1 0
> +::
> +
> + 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
> + 7 6 5 4
> + 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
> + 3 2 1 0
>
> That is, the MSByte (7) of the CPU-usable u64 sits at memory offset 0, and the
> LSByte (0) of the u64 sits at memory offset 7.
> @@ -63,10 +66,12 @@ comments as "logical" notation.
>
> 2. If QUIRK_MSB_ON_THE_RIGHT is set, we do it like this:
>
> -56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
> -7 6 5 4
> -24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
> -3 2 1 0
> +::

If this is not too stylistically different from the rest of the kernel
docs, the RST syntax actually allows you to do "we do it like this::"
(with the two colons coming right after the text and not on their own
line, which looks more natural). The same comment applies to the other
changes below.

> +
> + 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
> + 7 6 5 4
> + 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
> + 3 2 1 0
>
> That is, QUIRK_MSB_ON_THE_RIGHT does not affect byte positioning, but
> inverts bit offsets inside a byte.
> @@ -74,10 +79,12 @@ inverts bit offsets inside a byte.
>
> 3. If QUIRK_LITTLE_ENDIAN is set, we do it like this:
>
> -39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56
> -4 5 6 7
> -7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24
> -0 1 2 3
> +::
> +
> + 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56
> + 4 5 6 7
> + 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24
> + 0 1 2 3
>
> Therefore, QUIRK_LITTLE_ENDIAN means that inside the memory region, every
> byte from each 4-byte word is placed at its mirrored position compared to
> @@ -86,18 +93,22 @@ the boundary of that word.
> 4. If QUIRK_MSB_ON_THE_RIGHT and QUIRK_LITTLE_ENDIAN are both set, we do it
> like this:
>
> -32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63
> -4 5 6 7
> -0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
> -0 1 2 3
> +::
> +
> + 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63
> + 4 5 6 7
> + 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
> + 0 1 2 3
>
>
> 5. If just QUIRK_LSW32_IS_FIRST is set, we do it like this:
>
> -31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
> -3 2 1 0
> -63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
> -7 6 5 4
> +::
> +
> + 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
> + 3 2 1 0
> + 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32
> + 7 6 5 4
>
> In this case the 8 byte memory region is interpreted as follows: first
> 4 bytes correspond to the least significant 4-byte word, next 4 bytes to
> @@ -107,28 +118,34 @@ the more significant 4-byte word.
> 6. If QUIRK_LSW32_IS_FIRST and QUIRK_MSB_ON_THE_RIGHT are set, we do it like
> this:
>
> -24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
> -3 2 1 0
> -56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
> -7 6 5 4
> +::
> +
> + 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
> + 3 2 1 0
> + 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
> + 7 6 5 4
>
>
> 7. If QUIRK_LSW32_IS_FIRST and QUIRK_LITTLE_ENDIAN are set, it looks like
> this:
>
> -7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24
> -0 1 2 3
> -39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56
> -4 5 6 7
> +::
> +
> + 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24
> + 0 1 2 3
> + 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56
> + 4 5 6 7
>
>
> 8. If QUIRK_LSW32_IS_FIRST, QUIRK_LITTLE_ENDIAN and QUIRK_MSB_ON_THE_RIGHT
> are set, it looks like this:
>
> -0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
> -0 1 2 3
> -32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63
> -4 5 6 7
> +::
> +
> + 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
> + 0 1 2 3
> + 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63
> + 4 5 6 7
>
>
> We always think of our offsets as if there were no quirk, and we translate
> --
> 2.21.0
>

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