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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 03/10] livepatch: Add klp-convert tool
On Wed, Jul 31, 2019 at 11:50 AM Masahiro Yamada
<yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote:
>
> On Thu, May 9, 2019 at 11:39 PM Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com> wrote:
> >
> > From: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> >
> > Livepatches may use symbols which are not contained in its own scope,
> > and, because of that, may end up compiled with relocations that will
> > only be resolved during module load. Yet, when the referenced symbols
> > are not exported, solving this relocation requires information on the
> > object that holds the symbol (either vmlinux or modules) and its
> > position inside the object, as an object may contain multiple symbols
> > with the same name. Providing such information must be done
> > accordingly to what is specified in
> > Documentation/livepatch/module-elf-format.txt.
> >
> > Currently, there is no trivial way to embed the required information
> > as requested in the final livepatch elf object. klp-convert solves
> > this problem in two different forms: (i) by relying on Symbols.list,
> > which is built during kernel compilation, to automatically infer the
> > relocation targeted symbol, and, when such inference is not possible
> > (ii) by using annotations in the elf object to convert the relocation
> > accordingly to the specification, enabling it to be handled by the
> > livepatch loader.
> >
> > Given the above, create scripts/livepatch to hold tools developed for
> > livepatches and add source files for klp-convert there.
> >
> > The core file of klp-convert is scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c, which
> > implements the heuristics used to solve the relocations and the
> > conversion of unresolved symbols into the expected format, as defined
> > in [1].
> >
> > klp-convert receives as arguments the Symbols.list file, an input
> > livepatch module to be converted and the output name for the converted
> > livepatch. When it starts running, klp-convert parses Symbols.list and
> > builds two internal lists of symbols, one containing the exported and
> > another containing the non-exported symbols. Then, by parsing the rela
> > sections in the elf object, klp-convert identifies which symbols must
> > be converted, which are those unresolved and that do not have a
> > corresponding exported symbol, and attempts to convert them
> > accordingly to the specification.
> >
> > By using Symbols.list, klp-convert identifies which symbols have names
> > that only appear in a single kernel object, thus being capable of
> > resolving these cases without the intervention of the developer. When
> > various homonymous symbols exist through kernel objects, it is not
> > possible to infer the right one, thus klp-convert falls back into
> > using developer annotations. If these were not provided, then the tool
> > will print a list with all acceptable targets for the symbol being
> > processed.
> >
> > Annotations in the context of klp-convert are accessible as struct
> > klp_module_reloc entries in sections named
> > .klp.module_relocs.<objname>. These entries are pairs of symbol
> > references and positions which are to be resolved against definitions
> > in <objname>.
> >
> > Define the structure klp_module_reloc in
> > include/linux/uapi/livepatch.h allowing developers to annotate the
> > livepatch source code with it.
> >
> > klp-convert relies on libelf and on a list implementation. Add files
> > scripts/livepatch/elf.c and scripts/livepatch/elf.h, which are a
> > libelf interfacing layer and scripts/livepatch/list.h, which is a
> > list implementation.
> >
> > Update Makefiles to correctly support the compilation of the new tool,
> > update MAINTAINERS file and add a .gitignore file.
> >
> > [1] - Documentation/livepatch/module-elf-format.txt
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@yandex-team.ru>
> > Signed-off-by: Joao Moreira <jmoreira@suse.de>
> > Signed-off-by: Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com>
> > ---
> > MAINTAINERS | 1 +
> > include/uapi/linux/livepatch.h | 5 +
> > scripts/Makefile | 1 +
> > scripts/livepatch/.gitignore | 1 +
> > scripts/livepatch/Makefile | 7 +
> > scripts/livepatch/elf.c | 753 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > scripts/livepatch/elf.h | 73 ++++
> > scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c | 713 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.h | 39 ++
> > scripts/livepatch/list.h | 391 +++++++++++++++++
> > 10 files changed, 1984 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/.gitignore
> > create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/Makefile
> > create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/elf.c
> > create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/elf.h
> > create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.c
> > create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/klp-convert.h
> > create mode 100644 scripts/livepatch/list.h
> >
> > diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> > index 52842fa37261..c1587e1cc385 100644
> > --- a/MAINTAINERS
> > +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> > @@ -9022,6 +9022,7 @@ F: arch/x86/kernel/livepatch.c
> > F: Documentation/livepatch/
> > F: Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-livepatch
> > F: samples/livepatch/
> > +F: scripts/livepatch/
> > F: tools/testing/selftests/livepatch/
> > L: live-patching@vger.kernel.org
> > T: git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/livepatching/livepatching.git
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/livepatch.h b/include/uapi/linux/livepatch.h
> > index e19430918a07..1c364d42d38e 100644
> > --- a/include/uapi/linux/livepatch.h
> > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/livepatch.h
> > @@ -12,4 +12,9 @@
> > #define KLP_RELA_PREFIX ".klp.rela."
> > #define KLP_SYM_PREFIX ".klp.sym."
> >
> > +struct klp_module_reloc {
> > + void *sym;
> > + unsigned int sympos;
> > +} __attribute__((packed));
> > +
> > #endif /* _UAPI_LIVEPATCH_H */
> > diff --git a/scripts/Makefile b/scripts/Makefile
> > index 9d442ee050bd..bf9ce74b70b0 100644
> > --- a/scripts/Makefile
> > +++ b/scripts/Makefile
> > @@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ build_unifdef: $(obj)/unifdef
> > subdir-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGINS) += gcc-plugins
> > subdir-$(CONFIG_MODVERSIONS) += genksyms
> > subdir-$(CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX) += selinux
> > +subdir-$(CONFIG_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch
> >
> > # Let clean descend into subdirs
> > subdir- += basic dtc gdb kconfig mod package
> > diff --git a/scripts/livepatch/.gitignore b/scripts/livepatch/.gitignore
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..dc22fe4b6a5b
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/scripts/livepatch/.gitignore
> > @@ -0,0 +1 @@
> > +klp-convert
> > diff --git a/scripts/livepatch/Makefile b/scripts/livepatch/Makefile
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..2842ecdba3fd
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/scripts/livepatch/Makefile
> > @@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
> > +hostprogs-y := klp-convert
> > +always := $(hostprogs-y)
> > +
> > +klp-convert-objs := klp-convert.o elf.o
> > +
> > +HOST_EXTRACFLAGS := -g -I$(INSTALL_HDR_PATH)/include -Wall
>
> This looks strange.
>
> Theoretically, you cannot include headers in $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH)/include
> from host programs.
>
> headers_install works for the target architecture, not host architecture.
> This may cause a strange result when you are cross-compiling the kernel.
>
> BTW, which header in $(INSTALL_HDR_PATH)/include do you need to include ?
>
>
> Also, -Wall is redundant because it is set by the top-level Makefile.


I deleted HOST_EXTRACFLAGS entirely,
and I was still able to build klp-convert.


What is the purpose of '-g' ?
If it is only needed for local debugging,
it should be removed from the upstream code, in my opinion.


--
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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