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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] iommu: add support for drivers that manage iommu explicitly
On Wed, Jul 3, 2019 at 5:42 AM Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com> wrote:
>
> On 02/07/2019 21:26, Rob Clark wrote:
> > From: Rob Clark <robdclark@chromium.org>
> >
> > Avoid attaching any non-driver managed domain if the driver indicates
> > that it manages the iommu directly.
> >
> > This solves a couple problems that drm/msm + arm-smmu has with the iommu
> > framework:
> >
> > 1) In some cases the bootloader takes the iommu out of bypass and
> > enables the display. This is in particular a problem on the aarch64
> > laptops that exist these days, and modern snapdragon android devices.
> > (Older devices also enabled the display in bootloader but did not
> > take the iommu out of bypass.) Attaching a DMA or IDENTITY domain
> > while scanout is active, before the driver has a chance to intervene,
> > makes things go *boom*
>
> In the general case, we have to assume that things already went boom
> long ago, as soon as the IOMMU itself was probed and reset. By the time
> we get to the point of binding of a client driver, also assume that the
> IOMMU is already powered off and stopping traffic because the RPM device
> links aren't in place yet and it believes itself unused.

you are correct that this is only part of what is needed to get things
working. We also need Bjorn's patch set to inherit SMR and CB config
during init:

https://www.spinics.net/lists/arm-kernel/msg732246.html

>
> > 2) We are currently blocked on landing support for GPU per-context
> > pagetables because of the domain attached before driver's ->probe()
> > is called.
>
> I'm getting a little fed up of explaining that that problem is specific
> to the current behaviour of one particular IOMMU driver and trying to
> work around it anywhere other than in that driver is at best an
> unreliable hack.

Perhaps the GPU part of the problem. The display part is not.
However I'm fine to move the "don't actually attach" part into
arm-smmu if that is preferred. The next person to hit the same
problem on a different iommu could certainly move the check or copy it
into their iommu driver.

> > This solves both problems.
>
> For a very, very specific value of "solve"... ;)

well, "solve" == "it boots fine and doesn't explode"..

I'm certainly happy to entertain alternative suggestions, but these
are real problems that need solutions.

BR,
-R

> > Signed-off-by: Rob Clark <robdclark@chromium.org>
> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 11 +++++++++++
> > include/linux/device.h | 3 ++-
> > 2 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > index 0c674d80c37f..efa0957f9772 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > @@ -1573,6 +1573,17 @@ static int __iommu_attach_device(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > domain->ops->is_attach_deferred(domain, dev))
> > return 0;
> >
> > + /*
> > + * If driver is going to manage iommu directly, then avoid
> > + * attaching any non driver managed domain. There could
> > + * be already active dma underway (ie. scanout in case of
> > + * bootloader enabled display), and interfering with that
> > + * will make things go *boom*
> > + */
> > + if ((domain->type != IOMMU_DOMAIN_UNMANAGED) &&
> > + dev->driver && dev->driver->driver_manages_iommu)
> > + return 0;
>
> This leaving things half-hanging is really ugly, but more than that it
> assumes that allocating a default domain in the first place isn't
> disruptive - I'm not 100% sure that's *always* the case today, and it's
> definitely likely to change in future as part of improving the current
> request_dm_for_dev() mechanism. As it happens, those proposed changes
> would not only break this idea, but make it redundant, since they're
> about forcing the default domain type to passthrough on a per-device
> basis, which leads to an equivalent end result to this patch, but in a
> cleaner and more robust manner.
>
> Robin.
>
> > +
> > if (unlikely(domain->ops->attach_dev == NULL))
> > return -ENODEV;
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
> > index e138baabe01e..d98aa4d3c8c3 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/device.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/device.h
> > @@ -282,7 +282,8 @@ struct device_driver {
> > struct module *owner;
> > const char *mod_name; /* used for built-in modules */
> >
> > - bool suppress_bind_attrs; /* disables bind/unbind via sysfs */
> > + bool suppress_bind_attrs:1; /* disables bind/unbind via sysfs */
> > + bool driver_manages_iommu:1; /* driver manages IOMMU explicitly */
> > enum probe_type probe_type;
> >
> > const struct of_device_id *of_match_table;
> >

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