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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] lkmm/docs: Correct ->prop example with additional rfe link
On Sun, Jul 28, 2019 at 10:48:51AM -0400, Alan Stern wrote:
> On Sat, 27 Jul 2019, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> > The lkmm example about ->prop relation should describe an additional rfe
> > link between P1's store to y and P2's load of y, which should be
> > critical to establishing the ordering resulting in the ->prop ordering
> > on P0. IOW, there are 2 rfe links, not one.
> >
> > Correct these in the docs to make the ->prop ordering on P0 more clear.
> >
> > Cc:
> > Reviewed-by: Boqun Feng <>
> > Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <>
> > ---
> This is not a good update. See below...

No problem, thanks for the feedback. I am new to the LKMM so please bear
with me.. I should have tagged this RFC.

> > .../memory-model/Documentation/explanation.txt | 17 ++++++++++-------
> > 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/tools/memory-model/Documentation/explanation.txt b/tools/memory-model/Documentation/explanation.txt
> > index 68caa9a976d0..aa84fce854cc 100644
> > --- a/tools/memory-model/Documentation/explanation.txt
> > +++ b/tools/memory-model/Documentation/explanation.txt
> > @@ -1302,8 +1302,8 @@ followed by an arbitrary number of cumul-fence links, ending with an
> > rfe link. You can concoct more exotic examples, containing more than
> > one fence, although this quickly leads to diminishing returns in terms
> > of complexity. For instance, here's an example containing a coe link
> > -followed by two fences and an rfe link, utilizing the fact that
> > -release fences are A-cumulative:
> > +followed by a fence, an rfe link, another fence and and a final rfe link,
> ^---^
> > +utilizing the fact that release fences are A-cumulative:
> I don't like this, for two reasons. First is the repeated "and" typo.

Will fix the trivial typo, sorry about that.

> More importantly, it's not necessary to go into this level of detail; a
> better revision would be:
> +followed by two cumul-fences and an rfe link, utilizing the fact that
> This is appropriate because the cumul-fence relation is defined to
> contain the rfe link which you noticed wasn't mentioned explicitly.

No, I am talking about the P1's store to Y and P2's load of Y. That is not
through a cumul-fence so I don't understand what you meant? That _is_ missing
the rfe link I am referring to, that is left out.

The example says r2 = 1 and then we work backwards from that. r2 could very
well have been 0, there's no fence or anything involved, it just happens to
be the executation pattern causing r2 = 1 and hence the rfe link. Right?

> > int x, y, z;
> >
> > @@ -1334,11 +1334,14 @@ If x = 2, r0 = 1, and r2 = 1 after this code runs then there is a prop
> > link from P0's store to its load. This is because P0's store gets
> > overwritten by P1's store since x = 2 at the end (a coe link), the
> > smp_wmb() ensures that P1's store to x propagates to P2 before the
> > -store to y does (the first fence), the store to y propagates to P2
> > -before P2's load and store execute, P2's smp_store_release()
> > -guarantees that the stores to x and y both propagate to P0 before the
> > -store to z does (the second fence), and P0's load executes after the
> > -store to z has propagated to P0 (an rfe link).
> > +store to y does (the first fence), P2's store to y happens before P2's
> ---------------------------------------^
> This makes no sense, since P2 doesn't store to y. You meant P1's store
> to y. Also, the use of "happens before" is here unnecessarily
> ambiguous (is it an informal usage or does it refer to the formal
> happens-before relation?). The original "propagates to" is better.

Will reword this.

> > +load of y (rfe link), P2's smp_store_release() ensures that P2's load
> > +of y executes before P2's store to z (second fence), which implies that
> > +that stores to x and y propagate to P2 before the smp_store_release(), which
> > +means that P2's smp_store_release() will propagate stores to x and y to all
> > +CPUs before the store to z propagates (A-cumulative property of this fence).
> > +Finally P0's load of z executes after P2's store to z has propagated to
> > +P0 (rfe link).
> Again, a better change would be simply to replace the two instances of
> "fence" in the original text with "cumul-fence".

Ok that's fine. But I still feel the rfe is not a part of the cumul-fence.
The fences have nothing to do with the rfe. Or, I am missing something quite

Boqun, did you understand what Alan is saying?


- Joel

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