[lkml]   [2019]   [Jul]   [26]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/2] doc: Update documentation for page_idle virtual address indexing
Thanks Joel, just a couple of nits for the doc inline below. Other than that,

Reviewed-by: Sandeep Patil <>

I'll plan on making changes to Android to use this instead of the pagemap +
page_idle. I think it will also be considerably faster.

On Fri, Jul 26, 2019 at 11:23:19AM -0400, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> This patch updates the documentation with the new page_idle tracking
> feature which uses virtual address indexing.
> Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <>
> ---
> .../admin-guide/mm/idle_page_tracking.rst | 43 ++++++++++++++++---
> 1 file changed, 36 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/idle_page_tracking.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/idle_page_tracking.rst
> index df9394fb39c2..1eeac78c94a7 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/idle_page_tracking.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/idle_page_tracking.rst
> @@ -19,10 +19,14 @@ It is enabled by CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING=y.
> User API
> ========
> +There are 2 ways to access the idle page tracking API. One uses physical
> +address indexing, another uses a simpler virtual address indexing scheme.
> -The idle page tracking API is located at ``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle``.
> -Currently, it consists of the only read-write file,
> -``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap``.
> +Physical address indexing
> +-------------------------
> +The idle page tracking API for physical address indexing using page frame
> +numbers (PFN) is located at ``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle``. Currently, it
> +consists of the only read-write file, ``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap``.
> The file implements a bitmap where each bit corresponds to a memory page. The
> bitmap is represented by an array of 8-byte integers, and the page at PFN #i is
> @@ -74,6 +78,31 @@ See :ref:`Documentation/admin-guide/mm/pagemap.rst <pagemap>` for more
> information about ``/proc/pid/pagemap``, ``/proc/kpageflags``, and
> ``/proc/kpagecgroup``.
> +Virtual address indexing
> +------------------------
> +The idle page tracking API for virtual address indexing using virtual page
> +frame numbers (VFN) is located at ``/proc/<pid>/page_idle``. It is a bitmap
> +that follows the same semantics as ``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap``
> +except that it uses virtual instead of physical frame numbers.
> +
> +This idle page tracking API does not need deal with PFN so it does not require


> +prior lookups of ``pagemap`` in order to find if page is idle or not. This is

s/in order to find if page is idle or not//

> +an advantage on some systems where looking up PFN is considered a security
> +issue. Also in some cases, this interface could be slightly more reliable to
> +use than physical address indexing, since in physical address indexing, address
> +space changes can occur between reading the ``pagemap`` and reading the
> +``bitmap``, while in virtual address indexing, the process's ``mmap_sem`` is
> +held for the duration of the access.
> +
> +To estimate the amount of pages that are not used by a workload one should:
> +
> + 1. Mark all the workload's pages as idle by setting corresponding bits in
> + ``/proc/<pid>/page_idle``.
> +
> + 2. Wait until the workload accesses its working set.
> +
> + 3. Read ``/proc/<pid>/page_idle`` and count the number of bits set.
> +
> .. _impl_details:
> Implementation Details
> @@ -99,10 +128,10 @@ When a dirty page is written to swap or disk as a result of memory reclaim or
> exceeding the dirty memory limit, it is not marked referenced.
> The idle memory tracking feature adds a new page flag, the Idle flag. This flag
> -is set manually, by writing to ``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap`` (see the
> -:ref:`User API <user_api>`
> -section), and cleared automatically whenever a page is referenced as defined
> -above.
> +is set manually, by writing to ``/sys/kernel/mm/page_idle/bitmap`` for physical
> +addressing or by writing to ``/proc/<pid>/page_idle`` for virtual
> +addressing (see the :ref:`User API <user_api>` section), and cleared
> +automatically whenever a page is referenced as defined above.
> When a page is marked idle, the Accessed bit must be cleared in all PTEs it is
> mapped to, otherwise we will not be able to detect accesses to the page coming
> --
> --
> To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to

 \ /
  Last update: 2019-07-26 22:18    [W:0.088 / U:0.548 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site