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Subject[RFC PATCH 06/10] powerpc/fsl_booke/32: implement KASLR infrastructure
Date
This patch add support to boot kernel from places other than KERNELBASE.
Since CONFIG_RELOCATABLE has already supported, what we need to do is
map or copy kernel to a proper place and relocate. Freescale Book-E
parts expect lowmem to be mapped by fixed TLB entries(TLB1). The TLB1
entries are not suitable to map the kernel directly in a randomized
region, so we chose to copy the kernel to a proper place and restart to
relocate.

The offset of the kernel was not randomized yet(a fixed 64M is set). We
will randomize it in the next patch.

Signed-off-by: Jason Yan <yanaijie@huawei.com>
Cc: Diana Craciun <diana.craciun@nxp.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 11 +++
arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c | 2 +-
arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S | 13 ++-
arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S | 15 +++-
arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c | 83 +++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h | 6 ++
arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c | 7 +-
8 files changed, 125 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
index f516796dd819..3742df54bdc8 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
@@ -547,6 +547,17 @@ config RELOCATABLE
setting can still be useful to bootwrappers that need to know the
load address of the kernel (eg. u-boot/mkimage).

+config RANDOMIZE_BASE
+ bool "Randomize the address of the kernel image"
+ depends on (FSL_BOOKE && FLATMEM && PPC32)
+ select RELOCATABLE
+ help
+ Randomizes the virtual address at which the kernel image is
+ loaded, as a security feature that deters exploit attempts
+ relying on knowledge of the location of kernel internals.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
config RELOCATABLE_TEST
bool "Test relocatable kernel"
depends on (PPC64 && RELOCATABLE)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
index 56dfa7a2a6f2..cf87a0921db4 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ extra-$(CONFIG_PPC_8xx) := head_8xx.o
extra-y += vmlinux.lds

obj-$(CONFIG_RELOCATABLE) += reloc_$(BITS).o
+obj-$(CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE) += kaslr_booke.o

obj-$(CONFIG_PPC32) += entry_32.o setup_32.o early_32.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PPC64) += dma-iommu.o iommu.o
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c
index 3482118ffe76..fe8347cdc07d 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/early_32.c
@@ -32,5 +32,5 @@ notrace unsigned long __init early_init(unsigned long dt_ptr)

apply_feature_fixups();

- return KERNELBASE + offset;
+ return kimage_vaddr + offset;
}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S
index de0980945510..6d2967673ac7 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S
@@ -161,17 +161,16 @@ skpinv: addi r6,r6,1 /* Increment */
lis r6,(MAS1_VALID|MAS1_IPROT)@h
ori r6,r6,(MAS1_TSIZE(BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M))@l
mtspr SPRN_MAS1,r6
- lis r6,MAS2_VAL(PAGE_OFFSET, BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M, M_IF_NEEDED)@h
- ori r6,r6,MAS2_VAL(PAGE_OFFSET, BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M, M_IF_NEEDED)@l
- mtspr SPRN_MAS2,r6
+ lis r6,MAS2_EPN_MASK(BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M)@h
+ ori r6,r6,MAS2_EPN_MASK(BOOK3E_PAGESZ_64M)@l
+ and r6,r6,r20
+ ori r6,r6,M_IF_NEEDED@l
+ mtspr SPRN_MAS2,r6
mtspr SPRN_MAS3,r8
tlbwe

/* 7. Jump to KERNELBASE mapping */
- lis r6,(KERNELBASE & ~0xfff)@h
- ori r6,r6,(KERNELBASE & ~0xfff)@l
- rlwinm r7,r25,0,0x03ffffff
- add r6,r7,r6
+ mr r6,r20

#elif defined(ENTRY_MAPPING_KEXEC_SETUP)
/*
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S
index ce40f96dae20..d34933b0745a 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_fsl_booke.S
@@ -155,6 +155,8 @@ _ENTRY(_start);
*/

_ENTRY(__early_start)
+ LOAD_REG_ADDR_PIC(r20, kimage_vaddr)
+ lwz r20,0(r20)

#define ENTRY_MAPPING_BOOT_SETUP
#include "fsl_booke_entry_mapping.S"
@@ -277,8 +279,8 @@ set_ivor:
ori r6, r6, swapper_pg_dir@l
lis r5, abatron_pteptrs@h
ori r5, r5, abatron_pteptrs@l
- lis r4, KERNELBASE@h
- ori r4, r4, KERNELBASE@l
+ lis r3, kimage_vaddr@ha
+ lwz r4, kimage_vaddr@l(r3)
stw r5, 0(r4) /* Save abatron_pteptrs at a fixed location */
stw r6, 0(r5)

@@ -1067,7 +1069,14 @@ __secondary_start:
mr r5,r25 /* phys kernel start */
rlwinm r5,r5,0,~0x3ffffff /* aligned 64M */
subf r4,r5,r4 /* memstart_addr - phys kernel start */
- li r5,0 /* no device tree */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
+ lis r7,KERNELBASE@h
+ ori r7,r7,KERNELBASE@l
+ cmpw r20,r7 /* if kimage_vaddr != KERNELBASE, randomized */
+ beq 2f
+ li r4,0
+#endif
+2: li r5,0 /* no device tree */
li r6,0 /* not boot cpu */
bl restore_to_as0

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..72d8e9432048
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kaslr_booke.c
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Jason Yan <yanaijie@huawei.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/signal.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/stddef.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/prom.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/mmu.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/smp.h>
+#include <asm/machdep.h>
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+#include <asm/paca.h>
+#include <mm/mmu_decl.h>
+
+extern int is_second_reloc;
+
+static unsigned long __init kaslr_choose_location(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size,
+ unsigned long kernel_sz)
+{
+ /* return a fixed offset of 64M for now */
+ return 0x4000000;
+}
+
+/*
+ * To see if we need to relocate the kernel to a random offset
+ * void *dt_ptr - address of the device tree
+ * phys_addr_t size - size of the first memory block
+ */
+notrace void __init kaslr_early_init(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size)
+{
+ unsigned long tlb_virt;
+ phys_addr_t tlb_phys;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ unsigned long kernel_sz;
+
+ kernel_sz = (unsigned long)_end - KERNELBASE;
+
+ offset = kaslr_choose_location(dt_ptr, size, kernel_sz);
+
+ if (offset == 0)
+ return;
+
+ kimage_vaddr += offset;
+ kernstart_addr += offset;
+
+ is_second_reloc = 1;
+
+ if (offset >= SZ_64M) {
+ tlb_virt = round_down(kimage_vaddr, SZ_64M);
+ tlb_phys = round_down(kernstart_addr, SZ_64M);
+
+ /* Create kernel map to relocate in */
+ create_tlb_entry(tlb_phys, tlb_virt, 1);
+ }
+
+ /* Copy the kernel to it's new location and run */
+ memcpy((void *)kimage_vaddr, (void *)KERNELBASE, kernel_sz);
+
+ reloc_kernel_entry(dt_ptr, kimage_vaddr);
+}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h
index dae8e9177574..754ae1e69f92 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/mmu_decl.h
@@ -148,6 +148,12 @@ extern void reloc_kernel_entry(void *fdt, int addr);
extern void loadcam_entry(unsigned int index);
extern void loadcam_multi(int first_idx, int num, int tmp_idx);

+#ifdef CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE
+extern void kaslr_early_init(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size);
+#else
+static inline void kaslr_early_init(void *dt_ptr, phys_addr_t size) {}
+#endif
+
struct tlbcam {
u32 MAS0;
u32 MAS1;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c
index 556e3cd52a35..8d25a8dc965f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/nohash/fsl_booke.c
@@ -263,7 +263,8 @@ void setup_initial_memory_limit(phys_addr_t first_memblock_base,
int __initdata is_second_reloc;
notrace void __init relocate_init(u64 dt_ptr, phys_addr_t start)
{
- unsigned long base = KERNELBASE;
+ unsigned long base = kimage_vaddr;
+ phys_addr_t size;

kernstart_addr = start;
if (is_second_reloc) {
@@ -291,7 +292,7 @@ notrace void __init relocate_init(u64 dt_ptr, phys_addr_t start)
start &= ~0x3ffffff;
base &= ~0x3ffffff;
virt_phys_offset = base - start;
- early_get_first_memblock_info(__va(dt_ptr), NULL);
+ early_get_first_memblock_info(__va(dt_ptr), &size);
/*
* We now get the memstart_addr, then we should check if this
* address is the same as what the PAGE_OFFSET map to now. If
@@ -316,6 +317,8 @@ notrace void __init relocate_init(u64 dt_ptr, phys_addr_t start)
/* We should never reach here */
panic("Relocation error");
}
+
+ kaslr_early_init(__va(dt_ptr), size);
}
#endif
#endif
--
2.17.2
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