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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm/gup: Use put_user_page*() instead of put_page*()
On Sun, Jul 14, 2019 at 04:33:42PM -0700, John Hubbard wrote:
> On 7/14/19 12:08 PM, Bharath Vedartham wrote:
> > This patch converts all call sites of get_user_pages
> > to use put_user_page*() instead of put_page*() functions to
> > release reference to gup pinned pages.
Hi John,
> Hi Bharath,
>
> Thanks for jumping in to help, and welcome to the party!
>
> You've caught everyone in the middle of a merge window, btw. As a
> result, I'm busy rebasing and reworking the get_user_pages call sites,
> and gup tracking, in the wake of some semi-traumatic changes to bio
> and gup and such. I plan to re-post right after 5.3-rc1 shows up, from
> here:
>
> https://github.com/johnhubbard/linux/commits/gup_dma_core
>
> ...which you'll find already covers the changes you've posted, except for:
>
> drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
>
> ...and this one, which is undergoing to larger local changes, due to
> bvec, so let's leave it out of the choices:
>
> fs/io_uring.c
>
> Therefore, until -rc1, if you'd like to help, I'd recommend one or more
> of the following ideas:
>
> 1. Pull down https://github.com/johnhubbard/linux/commits/gup_dma_core
> and find missing conversions: look for any additional missing
> get_user_pages/put_page conversions. You've already found a couple missing
> ones. I haven't re-run a search in a long time, so there's probably even more.
> a) And find more, after I rebase to 5.3-rc1: people probably are adding
> get_user_pages() calls as we speak. :)
Shouldn't this be documented then? I don't see any docs for using
put_user_page*() in v5.2.1 in the memory management API section?
> 2. Patches: Focus on just one subsystem at a time, and perfect the patch for
> it. For example, I think this the staging driver would be perfect to start with:
>
> drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
>
> a) verify that you've really, corrected converted the whole
> driver. (Hint: I think you might be overlooking a put_page call.)
Yup. I did see that! Will fix it!
> b) Attempt to test it if you can (I'm being hypocritical in
> the extreme here, but one of my problems is that testing
> has been light, so any help is very valuable). qemu...?
> OTOH, maybe even qemu cannot easily test a kpc2000, but
> perhaps `git blame` and talking to the authors would help
> figure out a way to validate the changes.
Great! I ll do that, I ll mail the patch authors and ask them for help
in testing.
> Thinking about whether you can run a test that would prove or
> disprove my claim in (a), above, could be useful in coming up
> with tests to run.

> In other words, a few very high quality conversions (even just one) that
> we can really put our faith in, is what I value most here. Tested patches
> are awesome.
I understand that!
> 3. Once I re-post, turn on the new CONFIG_DEBUG_GET_USER_PAGES_REFERENCES
> and run things such as xfstest/fstest. (Again, doing so would be going
> further than I have yet--very helpful). Help clarify what conversions have
> actually been tested and work, and which ones remain unvalidated.
> Other: Please note that this:
Yup will do that.
> https://github.com/johnhubbard/linux/commits/gup_dma_core
>
> a) gets rebased often, and
>
> b) has a bunch of commits (iov_iter and related) that conflict
> with the latest linux.git,
>
> c) has some bugs in the bio area, that I'm fixing, so I don't trust
> that's it's safely runnable, for a few more days.
I assume your repo contains only work related to fixing gup issues and
not the main repo for gup development? i.e where gup changes are merged?
Also are release_pages and put_user_pages interchangable?
> One note below, for the future:
>
> >
> > This is a bunch of trivial conversions which is a part of an effort
> > by John Hubbard to solve issues with gup pinned pages and
> > filesystem writeback.
> >
> > The issue is more clearly described in John Hubbard's patch[1] where
> > put_user_page*() functions are introduced.
> >
> > Currently put_user_page*() simply does put_page but future implementations
> > look to change that once treewide change of put_page callsites to
> > put_user_page*() is finished.
> >
> > The lwn article describing the issue with gup pinned pages and filesystem
> > writeback [2].
> >
> > This patch has been tested by building and booting the kernel as I don't
> > have the required hardware to test the device drivers.
> >
> > I did not modify gpu/drm drivers which use release_pages instead of
> > put_page() to release reference of gup pinned pages as I am not clear
> > whether release_pages and put_page are interchangable.
> >
> > [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/3/26/1396
>
> When referring to patches in a commit description, please use the
> commit hash, not an external link. See Submitting Patches [1] for details.
>
> Also, once you figure out the right maintainers and other involved people,
> putting Cc: in the commit description is common practice, too.
>
> [1] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/submitting-patches.html
Will work on that! Thanks!
> thanks,
> --
> John Hubbard
> NVIDIA
>
> >
> > [2] https://lwn.net/Articles/784574/
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Bharath Vedartham <linux.bhar@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c | 3 +--
> > drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c | 2 +-
> > drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c | 4 +---
> > drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 2 +-
> > fs/io_uring.c | 7 +++----
> > mm/gup_benchmark.c | 6 +-----
> > net/xdp/xdp_umem.c | 7 +------
> > 7 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
> > index 66a6c6c..d6eeb43 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
> > +++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
> > @@ -349,8 +349,7 @@ int videobuf_dma_free(struct videobuf_dmabuf *dma)
> > BUG_ON(dma->sglen);
> >
> > if (dma->pages) {
> > - for (i = 0; i < dma->nr_pages; i++)
> > - put_page(dma->pages[i]);
> > + put_user_pages(dma->pages, dma->nr_pages);
> > kfree(dma->pages);
> > dma->pages = NULL;
> > }
> > diff --git a/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c b/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> > index 4b713a8..61b3447 100644
> > --- a/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> > +++ b/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> > @@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ static int non_atomic_pte_lookup(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > if (get_user_pages(vaddr, 1, write ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, &page, NULL) <= 0)
> > return -EFAULT;
> > *paddr = page_to_phys(page);
> > - put_page(page);
> > + put_user_page(page);
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c b/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> > index 6166587..26dceed 100644
> > --- a/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> > +++ b/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> > @@ -198,9 +198,7 @@ int kpc_dma_transfer(struct dev_private_data *priv, struct kiocb *kcb, unsigned
> > sg_free_table(&acd->sgt);
> > err_dma_map_sg:
> > err_alloc_sg_table:
> > - for (i = 0 ; i < acd->page_count ; i++){
> > - put_page(acd->user_pages[i]);
> > - }
> > + put_user_pages(acd->user_pages, acd->page_count);
> > err_get_user_pages:
> > kfree(acd->user_pages);
> > err_alloc_userpages:
> > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > index add34ad..c491524 100644
> > --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > @@ -369,7 +369,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
> > */
> > if (ret > 0 && vma_is_fsdax(vmas[0])) {
> > ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
> > - put_page(page[0]);
> > + put_user_page(page[0]);
> > }
> > }
> > up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> > diff --git a/fs/io_uring.c b/fs/io_uring.c
> > index 4ef62a4..b4a4549 100644
> > --- a/fs/io_uring.c
> > +++ b/fs/io_uring.c
> > @@ -2694,10 +2694,9 @@ static int io_sqe_buffer_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void __user *arg,
> > * if we did partial map, or found file backed vmas,
> > * release any pages we did get
> > */
> > - if (pret > 0) {
> > - for (j = 0; j < pret; j++)
> > - put_page(pages[j]);
> > - }
> > + if (pret > 0)
> > + put_user_pages(pages, pret);
> > +
> > if (ctx->account_mem)
> > io_unaccount_mem(ctx->user, nr_pages);
> > kvfree(imu->bvec);
> > diff --git a/mm/gup_benchmark.c b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > index 7dd602d..15fc7a2 100644
> > --- a/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > +++ b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > @@ -76,11 +76,7 @@ static int __gup_benchmark_ioctl(unsigned int cmd,
> > gup->size = addr - gup->addr;
> >
> > start_time = ktime_get();
> > - for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
> > - if (!pages[i])
> > - break;
> > - put_page(pages[i]);
> > - }
> > + put_user_pages(pages, nr_pages);
> > end_time = ktime_get();
> > gup->put_delta_usec = ktime_us_delta(end_time, start_time);
> >
> > diff --git a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
> > index 9c6de4f..6103e19 100644
> > --- a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
> > +++ b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
> > @@ -173,12 +173,7 @@ static void xdp_umem_unpin_pages(struct xdp_umem *umem)
> > {
> > unsigned int i;
> >
> > - for (i = 0; i < umem->npgs; i++) {
> > - struct page *page = umem->pgs[i];
> > -
> > - set_page_dirty_lock(page);
> > - put_page(page);
> > - }
> > + put_user_pages_dirty_lock(umem->pgs, umem->npgs);
> >
> > kfree(umem->pgs);
> > umem->pgs = NULL;
> >

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