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SubjectRE: [PATCH v9 5/6] usb:cdns3 Add Cadence USB3 DRD Driver
Date
Hi Felipe

>
>Hi,
>
>Pawel Laszczak <pawell@cadence.com> writes:
>> +static void cdns3_gadget_config(struct cdns3_device *priv_dev)
>> +{
>> + struct cdns3_usb_regs __iomem *regs = priv_dev->regs;
>> + u32 reg;
>> +
>> + cdns3_ep0_config(priv_dev);
>> +
>> + /* enable interrupts for endpoint 0 (in and out) */
>> + writel(EP_IEN_EP_OUT0 | EP_IEN_EP_IN0, &regs->ep_ien);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + *Driver need modify LFPS minimal U1 Exit time for 0x00024505 revision
>
>comment style
>
>> + * of controller
>> + */
>> + if (priv_dev->dev_ver == DEV_VER_TI_V1) {
>
>this version is really only for TI? And there's another only for NXP?

Yes, from driver point of view the only difference for this version is LFPS
parameter. It's depend on the kind of used PHY and should be set on
integration level. Default value is incorrect for DEV_VER_TI_V1 version and
it cause some issue for one of the Link Layer test.

>
>+#define DEV_VER_NXP_V1 0x00024502
>+#define DEV_VER_TI_V1 0x00024509
>+#define DEV_VER_V2 0x0002450C
>+#define DEV_VER_V3 0x0002450d
>
>How do you actually decode this?

It's read from register: USB_CAP6
priv_dev->dev_ver = readl(&priv_dev->regs->usb_cap6);
But's only 3 less significant bytes are used as version.

>
>> +static int cdns3_gadget_udc_stop(struct usb_gadget *gadget)
>> +{
>> + struct cdns3_device *priv_dev = gadget_to_cdns3_device(gadget);
>> + struct cdns3_endpoint *priv_ep;
>> + u32 bEndpointAddress;
>> + struct usb_ep *ep;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + priv_dev->gadget_driver = NULL;
>> +
>> + priv_dev->onchip_used_size = 0;
>> + priv_dev->out_mem_is_allocated = 0;
>> + priv_dev->gadget.speed = USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN;
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry(ep, &priv_dev->gadget.ep_list, ep_list) {
>> + priv_ep = ep_to_cdns3_ep(ep);
>> + bEndpointAddress = priv_ep->num | priv_ep->dir;
>> + cdns3_select_ep(priv_dev, bEndpointAddress);
>> + writel(EP_CMD_EPRST, &priv_dev->regs->ep_cmd);
>> + ret = cdns3_handshake(&priv_dev->regs->ep_cmd,
>> + EP_CMD_EPRST, 0, 100);
>> + cdns3_free_trb_pool(priv_ep);
>
>are you sure you want to free your trb pool when a gadget driver is
>unloaded? One can easily fragment memory by constantly loading and
>unloading a gadget driver, no?

I think that such constantly loading/unloading will occurs only during
testing.

>
>How about you allocate the trb poll during cdns3 load and free it when
>cdns3 is unloaded?

This allocation is made only in cdns3_gadget_ep_enable, so memory
is allocated only for endpoint in use. We save a lot of memory, especially
for streams and ISOC endpoint.

Streams support is not implemented now but it will be added as separate
patch in the feature. It will require allocation multiple Transfer Rings.

The second issue are ISOC endpoints. For each ITP we need separate TRB.
So, for bInterval > 1 driver must allocate the quite big size of Transfer Ring.

During loading cdns3 we don't know which endpoint and how it will be used.

If someone from customers will complain about current implementation,
Then I will try to implement some improvement.

>
>> +static int cdns3_gadget_start(struct cdns3 *cdns)
>> +{
>> + struct cdns3_device *priv_dev;
>> + u32 max_speed;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + priv_dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*priv_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!priv_dev)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + cdns->gadget_dev = priv_dev;
>> + priv_dev->sysdev = cdns->dev;
>> + priv_dev->dev = cdns->dev;
>> + priv_dev->regs = cdns->dev_regs;
>> +
>> + device_property_read_u16(priv_dev->dev, "cdns,on-chip-buff-size",
>> + &priv_dev->onchip_buffers);
>> +
>> + if (priv_dev->onchip_buffers <= 0) {
>> + u32 reg = readl(&priv_dev->regs->usb_cap2);
>> +
>> + priv_dev->onchip_buffers = USB_CAP2_ACTUAL_MEM_SIZE(reg);
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (!priv_dev->onchip_buffers)
>> + priv_dev->onchip_buffers = 256;
>> +
>> + max_speed = usb_get_maximum_speed(cdns->dev);
>> +
>> + /* Check the maximum_speed parameter */
>> + switch (max_speed) {
>> + case USB_SPEED_FULL:
>> + case USB_SPEED_HIGH:
>> + case USB_SPEED_SUPER:
>> + break;
>> + default:
>> + dev_err(cdns->dev, "invalid maximum_speed parameter %d\n",
>> + max_speed);
>> + /* fall through */
>> + case USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN:
>> + /* default to superspeed */
>> + max_speed = USB_SPEED_SUPER;
>> + break;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* fill gadget fields */
>> + priv_dev->gadget.max_speed = max_speed;
>> + priv_dev->gadget.speed = USB_SPEED_UNKNOWN;
>> + priv_dev->gadget.ops = &cdns3_gadget_ops;
>> + priv_dev->gadget.name = "usb-ss-gadget";
>> + priv_dev->gadget.sg_supported = 1;
>> +
>> + spin_lock_init(&priv_dev->lock);
>> + INIT_WORK(&priv_dev->pending_status_wq,
>> + cdns3_pending_setup_status_handler);
>> +
>> + /* initialize endpoint container */
>> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&priv_dev->gadget.ep_list);
>> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&priv_dev->aligned_buf_list);
>> +
>> + ret = cdns3_init_eps(priv_dev);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(priv_dev->dev, "Failed to create endpoints\n");
>> + goto err1;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* allocate memory for setup packet buffer */
>> + priv_dev->setup_buf = dma_alloc_coherent(priv_dev->sysdev, 8,
>> + &priv_dev->setup_dma, GFP_DMA);
>> + if (!priv_dev->setup_buf) {
>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>> + goto err2;
>> + }
>> +
>> + priv_dev->dev_ver = readl(&priv_dev->regs->usb_cap6);
>> +
>> + dev_dbg(priv_dev->dev, "Device Controller version: %08x\n",
>> + readl(&priv_dev->regs->usb_cap6));
>> + dev_dbg(priv_dev->dev, "USB Capabilities:: %08x\n",
>> + readl(&priv_dev->regs->usb_cap1));
>> + dev_dbg(priv_dev->dev, "On-Chip memory cnfiguration: %08x\n",
>> + readl(&priv_dev->regs->usb_cap2));
>> +
>> + priv_dev->dev_ver = GET_DEV_BASE_VERSION(priv_dev->dev_ver);
>> +
>> + priv_dev->zlp_buf = kzalloc(CDNS3_EP_ZLP_BUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!priv_dev->zlp_buf) {
>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>> + goto err3;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* add USB gadget device */
>> + ret = usb_add_gadget_udc(priv_dev->dev, &priv_dev->gadget);
>> + if (ret < 0) {
>> + dev_err(priv_dev->dev,
>> + "Failed to register USB device controller\n");
>> + goto err4;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +err4:
>> + kfree(priv_dev->zlp_buf);
>> +err3:
>> + dma_free_coherent(priv_dev->sysdev, 8, priv_dev->setup_buf,
>> + priv_dev->setup_dma);
>> +err2:
>> + cdns3_free_all_eps(priv_dev);
>> +err1:
>> + cdns->gadget_dev = NULL;
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int __cdns3_gadget_init(struct cdns3 *cdns)
>> +{
>> + struct cdns3_device *priv_dev;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + cdns3_drd_switch_gadget(cdns, 1);
>> + pm_runtime_get_sync(cdns->dev);
>> +
>> + ret = cdns3_gadget_start(cdns);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> + priv_dev = cdns->gadget_dev;
>> + ret = devm_request_threaded_irq(cdns->dev, cdns->dev_irq,
>> + cdns3_device_irq_handler,
>> + cdns3_device_thread_irq_handler,
>> + IRQF_SHARED, dev_name(cdns->dev), cdns);
>
>copied handlers here for commenting. Note that you don't have
>IRQF_ONESHOT:

I know, I can't use IRQF_ ONESHOT flag in this case. I have implemented
some code for masking/unmasking interrupts in cdns3_device_irq_handler.

Some priority interrupts should be handled ASAP so I can't blocked interrupt
Line.

>
>> +static irqreturn_t cdns3_device_irq_handler(int irq, void *data)
>> +{
>> + struct cdns3_device *priv_dev;
>> + struct cdns3 *cdns = data;
>> + irqreturn_t ret = IRQ_NONE;
>> + unsigned long flags;
>> + u32 reg;
>> +
>> + priv_dev = cdns->gadget_dev;
>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&priv_dev->lock, flags);
>
>the top half handler runs in hardirq context. You don't need any locks
>here. Also IRQs are *already* disabled, you don't need to disable them again.

I will remove spin_lock_irqsave but I need to disable only some of the interrupts.
I disable interrupts associated with USB endpoints. Handling of them can be
deferred to thread handled.

>> +
>> + /* check USB device interrupt */
>> + reg = readl(&priv_dev->regs->usb_ists);
>> +
>> + if (reg) {
>> + writel(reg, &priv_dev->regs->usb_ists);
>> + cdns3_check_usb_interrupt_proceed(priv_dev, reg);
>> + ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
>
>now, because you _don't_ mask this interrupt, you're gonna have
>issues. Say we actually get both device and endpoint interrupts while
>the thread is already running with previous endpoint interrupts. Now
>we're gonna reenter the top half, because device interrupts are *not*
>masked, which will read usb_ists and handle it here.

Endpoint interrupts are masked in cdns3_device_irq_handler and stay masked
until they are not handled in threaded handler.
Of course, not all endpoint interrupts are masked, but only reported in ep_ists.
USB interrupt will be handled immediately.

Also, I can get next endpoint interrupt from not masked endpoint and driver also again wake
the thread. I saw such situation, but threaded interrupt handler has been working correct
in such situations.

In thread handler driver checks again which endpoint should be handled in ep_ists.

I think that such situation should also occurs during our LPM enter/exit test.
So, driver has been tested for such case. During this test driver during
transferring data generate a huge number of LPM interrupts which
are usb interrupts.

I can't block usb interrupts interrupts because:
/*
* WORKAROUND: CDNS3 controller has issue with hardware resuming
* from L1. To fix it, if any DMA transfer is pending driver
* must starts driving resume signal immediately.
*/


>
>Then it will ahead and read ep_ists and wake the thread that's already
>running.
>
>This hasn't really been tested, has it?

It has been tested. And I've haven't seen any issue with this.

>
>> +static irqreturn_t cdns3_device_thread_irq_handler(int irq, void *data)
>> +{
>> + struct cdns3_device *priv_dev;
>> + struct cdns3 *cdns = data;
>> + irqreturn_t ret = IRQ_NONE;
>> + unsigned long flags;
>> + u32 ep_ien;
>> + int bit;
>> + u32 reg;
>> +
>> + priv_dev = cdns->gadget_dev;
>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&priv_dev->lock, flags);
>
>Ideally, the _irqsave() here wouldn't be necessary (since this device's
>interrupts are already masked), but removing _irqsave() causes problem
>with networking gadgets. Just thought I'd leave a note here, nothing to
>change in this handler.
>
>> + reg = readl(&priv_dev->regs->ep_ists);
>> +
>> + /* handle default endpoint OUT */
>> + if (reg & EP_ISTS_EP_OUT0) {
>> + cdns3_check_ep0_interrupt_proceed(priv_dev, USB_DIR_OUT);
>> + ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* handle default endpoint IN */
>> + if (reg & EP_ISTS_EP_IN0) {
>> + cdns3_check_ep0_interrupt_proceed(priv_dev, USB_DIR_IN);
>> + ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* check if interrupt from non default endpoint, if no exit */
>> + reg &= ~(EP_ISTS_EP_OUT0 | EP_ISTS_EP_IN0);
>> + if (!reg)
>> + goto irqend;
>> +
>> + for_each_set_bit(bit, (unsigned long *)&reg,
>> + sizeof(u32) * BITS_PER_BYTE) {
>> + priv_dev->shadow_ep_en |= BIT(bit);
>> + cdns3_check_ep_interrupt_proceed(priv_dev->eps[bit]);
>> + ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (priv_dev->run_garbage_colector) {
>
>wait, what?

DMA require data buffer aligned to 8 bytes. So, if buffer data is not aligned
driver allocate aligned buffer for data and copy it from unaligned to
Aligned.

>
>ps: correct spelling is "collector" ;-)

Ok, thanks.
>
>> + struct cdns3_aligned_buf *buf, *tmp;
>> +
>> + list_for_each_entry_safe(buf, tmp, &priv_dev->aligned_buf_list,
>> + list) {
>> + if (!buf->in_use) {
>> + list_del(&buf->list);
>> +
>> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv_dev->lock, flags);
>
>creates the possibility of a race condition
Why? In this place the buf can't be used.
>
>> + dma_free_coherent(priv_dev->sysdev, buf->size,
>> + buf->buf,
>> + buf->dma);
>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&priv_dev->lock, flags);
>> +
>> + kfree(buf);
>
>why do you even need this "garbage collector"?

I need to free not used memory. The once allocated buffer will be associated with
request, but if request.length will be increased in usb_request then driver will
must allocate the bigger buffer. As I remember I couldn't call dma_free_coherent
in interrupt context so I had to move it to thread handled. This flag was used to avoid
going through whole aligned_buf_list every time.
In most cases this part will never called int this place
>
>> +static int cdns3_gadget_suspend(struct cdns3 *cdns, bool do_wakeup)
>> +{
>> + cdns3_gadget_exit(cdns);
>
>so on suspend you completely teardown the entire controller? This means
>that a mounted mass storage gadget will, actually, disconnect from the
>host, no?

Yes It's true. I know that it's not good idea.
I will try to improve it.

>
>> diff --git a/drivers/usb/cdns3/trace.h b/drivers/usb/cdns3/trace.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..1cc2abca320c
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/usb/cdns3/trace.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,447 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
>> +/*
>> + * USBSS device controller driver.
>> + * Trace support header file.
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Cadence.
>> + *
>> + * Author: Pawel Laszczak <pawell@cadence.com>
>> + */
>> +
>> +#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
>> +#define TRACE_SYSTEM cdns3
>> +
>> +#if !defined(__LINUX_CDNS3_TRACE) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
>> +#define __LINUX_CDNS3_TRACE
>> +
>> +#include <linux/types.h>
>> +#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
>> +#include <asm/byteorder.h>
>> +#include <linux/usb/ch9.h>
>> +#include "core.h"
>> +#include "gadget.h"
>> +#include "debug.h"
>> +
>> +#define CDNS3_MSG_MAX 500
>> +
>> +TRACE_EVENT(cdns3_log,
>> + TP_PROTO(struct cdns3_device *priv_dev, struct va_format *vaf),
>> + TP_ARGS(priv_dev, vaf),
>> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
>> + __string(name, dev_name(priv_dev->dev))
>> + __dynamic_array(char, msg, CDNS3_MSG_MAX)
>> + ),
>> + TP_fast_assign(
>> + __assign_str(name, dev_name(priv_dev->dev));
>> + vsnprintf(__get_str(msg), CDNS3_MSG_MAX, vaf->fmt, *vaf->va);
>> + ),
>> + TP_printk("%s: %s", __get_str(name), __get_str(msg))
>> +);
>> +
>> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cdns3_log_doorbell,
>> + TP_PROTO(const char *ep_name, u32 ep_trbaddr),
>> + TP_ARGS(ep_name, ep_trbaddr),
>> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
>> + __string(name, ep_name)
>> + __field(u32, ep_trbaddr)
>> + ),
>> + TP_fast_assign(
>> + __assign_str(name, ep_name);
>> + __entry->ep_trbaddr = ep_trbaddr;
>> + ),
>> + TP_printk("%s, ep_trbaddr %08x", __get_str(name),
>nit-picking but... the event name will be printed on trace log. You
>don't need this "Ding Dong" string here :-p

I will remove it:

>
>> + TP_printk("%s: req: %p, req buff %p, length: %u/%u %s%s%s, status: %d,"
>> + cd " trb: [start:%d, end:%d: virt addr %pa], flags:%x ",
>> + __get_str(name), __entry->req, __entry->buf, __entry->actual,
>> + __entry->length,
>> + __entry->zero ? "zero | " : "",
>> + __entry->short_not_ok ? "short | " : "",
>> + __entry->no_interrupt ? "no int" : "",
>
>I guess you didn't really think the formatting through. Think about what
>happens if you get a request with only zero flag or only short flag. How
>will this log look like?

Like this:
cdns3_gadget_giveback: ep0: req: 0000000071a6a5f5, req buff 000000008d40c4db, length: 60/60 zero | , status: 0, trb: [start:0, end:0: virt addr (null)], flags:0
Is it something wrong with this?. Maybe one extra sign |.
Pawell

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