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SubjectRe: [PATCH V35 26/29] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down
On Mon, 15 Jul 2019, Matthew Garrett wrote:

> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
>
> Disallow opening of debugfs files that might be used to muck around when
> the kernel is locked down as various drivers give raw access to hardware
> through debugfs. Given the effort of auditing all 2000 or so files and
> manually fixing each one as necessary, I've chosen to apply a heuristic
> instead. The following changes are made:

Adding the debugfs maintainers.

>
> (1) chmod and chown are disallowed on debugfs objects (though the root dir
> can be modified by mount and remount, but I'm not worried about that).
>
> (2) When the kernel is locked down, only files with the following criteria
> are permitted to be opened:
>
> - The file must have mode 00444
> - The file must not have ioctl methods
> - The file must not have mmap
>
> (3) When the kernel is locked down, files may only be opened for reading.
>
> Normal device interaction should be done through configfs, sysfs or a
> miscdev, not debugfs.
>
> Note that this makes it unnecessary to specifically lock down show_dsts(),
> show_devs() and show_call() in the asus-wmi driver.
>
> I would actually prefer to lock down all files by default and have the
> the files unlocked by the creator. This is tricky to manage correctly,
> though, as there are 19 creation functions and ~1600 call sites (some of
> them in loops scanning tables).
>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
> cc: acpi4asus-user@lists.sourceforge.net
> cc: platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org
> cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
> cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
> ---
> fs/debugfs/file.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/debugfs/inode.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> include/linux/security.h | 1 +
> security/lockdown/lockdown.c | 1 +
> 4 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/debugfs/file.c b/fs/debugfs/file.c
> index 93e4ca6b2ad7..87846aad594b 100644
> --- a/fs/debugfs/file.c
> +++ b/fs/debugfs/file.c
> @@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
> #include <linux/atomic.h>
> #include <linux/device.h>
> #include <linux/poll.h>
> +#include <linux/security.h>
>
> #include "internal.h"
>
> @@ -136,6 +137,25 @@ void debugfs_file_put(struct dentry *dentry)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debugfs_file_put);
>
> +/*
> + * Only permit access to world-readable files when the kernel is locked down.
> + * We also need to exclude any file that has ways to write or alter it as root
> + * can bypass the permissions check.
> + */
> +static bool debugfs_is_locked_down(struct inode *inode,
> + struct file *filp,
> + const struct file_operations *real_fops)
> +{
> + if ((inode->i_mode & 07777) == 0444 &&
> + !(filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) &&
> + !real_fops->unlocked_ioctl &&
> + !real_fops->compat_ioctl &&
> + !real_fops->mmap)
> + return false;
> +
> + return security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_DEBUGFS);
> +}
> +
> static int open_proxy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> {
> struct dentry *dentry = F_DENTRY(filp);
> @@ -147,6 +167,11 @@ static int open_proxy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> return r == -EIO ? -ENOENT : r;
>
> real_fops = debugfs_real_fops(filp);
> +
> + r = debugfs_is_locked_down(inode, filp, real_fops);
> + if (r)
> + goto out;
> +
> real_fops = fops_get(real_fops);
> if (!real_fops) {
> /* Huh? Module did not clean up after itself at exit? */
> @@ -272,6 +297,11 @@ static int full_proxy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> return r == -EIO ? -ENOENT : r;
>
> real_fops = debugfs_real_fops(filp);
> +
> + r = debugfs_is_locked_down(inode, filp, real_fops);
> + if (r)
> + goto out;
> +
> real_fops = fops_get(real_fops);
> if (!real_fops) {
> /* Huh? Module did not cleanup after itself at exit? */
> diff --git a/fs/debugfs/inode.c b/fs/debugfs/inode.c
> index 042b688ed124..7b975dbb2bb4 100644
> --- a/fs/debugfs/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/debugfs/inode.c
> @@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
> #include <linux/parser.h>
> #include <linux/magic.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/security.h>
>
> #include "internal.h"
>
> @@ -35,6 +36,32 @@ static struct vfsmount *debugfs_mount;
> static int debugfs_mount_count;
> static bool debugfs_registered;
>
> +/*
> + * Don't allow access attributes to be changed whilst the kernel is locked down
> + * so that we can use the file mode as part of a heuristic to determine whether
> + * to lock down individual files.
> + */
> +static int debugfs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *ia)
> +{
> + int ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_DEBUGFS);
> +
> + if (ret && (ia->ia_valid & (ATTR_MODE | ATTR_UID | ATTR_GID)))
> + return ret;
> + return simple_setattr(dentry, ia);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct inode_operations debugfs_file_inode_operations = {
> + .setattr = debugfs_setattr,
> +};
> +static const struct inode_operations debugfs_dir_inode_operations = {
> + .lookup = simple_lookup,
> + .setattr = debugfs_setattr,
> +};
> +static const struct inode_operations debugfs_symlink_inode_operations = {
> + .get_link = simple_get_link,
> + .setattr = debugfs_setattr,
> +};
> +
> static struct inode *debugfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb)
> {
> struct inode *inode = new_inode(sb);
> @@ -369,6 +396,7 @@ static struct dentry *__debugfs_create_file(const char *name, umode_t mode,
> inode->i_mode = mode;
> inode->i_private = data;
>
> + inode->i_op = &debugfs_file_inode_operations;
> inode->i_fop = proxy_fops;
> dentry->d_fsdata = (void *)((unsigned long)real_fops |
> DEBUGFS_FSDATA_IS_REAL_FOPS_BIT);
> @@ -532,7 +560,7 @@ struct dentry *debugfs_create_dir(const char *name, struct dentry *parent)
> }
>
> inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR | S_IRWXU | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO;
> - inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations;
> + inode->i_op = &debugfs_dir_inode_operations;
> inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;
>
> /* directory inodes start off with i_nlink == 2 (for "." entry) */
> @@ -632,7 +660,7 @@ struct dentry *debugfs_create_symlink(const char *name, struct dentry *parent,
> return failed_creating(dentry);
> }
> inode->i_mode = S_IFLNK | S_IRWXUGO;
> - inode->i_op = &simple_symlink_inode_operations;
> + inode->i_op = &debugfs_symlink_inode_operations;
> inode->i_link = link;
> d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
> return end_creating(dentry);
> diff --git a/include/linux/security.h b/include/linux/security.h
> index 8ef366de70b0..d92323b44a3f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/security.h
> +++ b/include/linux/security.h
> @@ -115,6 +115,7 @@ enum lockdown_reason {
> LOCKDOWN_TIOCSSERIAL,
> LOCKDOWN_MODULE_PARAMETERS,
> LOCKDOWN_MMIOTRACE,
> + LOCKDOWN_DEBUGFS,
> LOCKDOWN_INTEGRITY_MAX,
> LOCKDOWN_KCORE,
> LOCKDOWN_KPROBES,
> diff --git a/security/lockdown/lockdown.c b/security/lockdown/lockdown.c
> index e43c9d001e49..37ef46320ef4 100644
> --- a/security/lockdown/lockdown.c
> +++ b/security/lockdown/lockdown.c
> @@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ static char *lockdown_reasons[LOCKDOWN_CONFIDENTIALITY_MAX+1] = {
> [LOCKDOWN_TIOCSSERIAL] = "reconfiguration of serial port IO",
> [LOCKDOWN_MODULE_PARAMETERS] = "unsafe module parameters",
> [LOCKDOWN_MMIOTRACE] = "unsafe mmio",
> + [LOCKDOWN_DEBUGFS] = "debugfs access",
> [LOCKDOWN_INTEGRITY_MAX] = "integrity",
> [LOCKDOWN_KCORE] = "/proc/kcore access",
> [LOCKDOWN_KPROBES] = "use of kprobes",
>

--
James Morris
<jmorris@namei.org>

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