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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm/gup: Use put_user_page*() instead of put_page*()
On Mon, Jul 15, 2019 at 12:26:54PM +0530, Bharath Vedartham wrote:
> On Sun, Jul 14, 2019 at 04:33:42PM -0700, John Hubbard wrote:
> > On 7/14/19 12:08 PM, Bharath Vedartham wrote:
> > > This patch converts all call sites of get_user_pages
> > > to use put_user_page*() instead of put_page*() functions to
> > > release reference to gup pinned pages.
> Hi John,
> > Hi Bharath,
> >
> > Thanks for jumping in to help, and welcome to the party!
> >
> > You've caught everyone in the middle of a merge window, btw. As a
> > result, I'm busy rebasing and reworking the get_user_pages call sites,
> > and gup tracking, in the wake of some semi-traumatic changes to bio
> > and gup and such. I plan to re-post right after 5.3-rc1 shows up, from
> > here:
> >
> > https://github.com/johnhubbard/linux/commits/gup_dma_core
> >
> > ...which you'll find already covers the changes you've posted, except for:
> >
> > drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> > drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> >
> > ...and this one, which is undergoing to larger local changes, due to
> > bvec, so let's leave it out of the choices:
> >
> > fs/io_uring.c
> >
> > Therefore, until -rc1, if you'd like to help, I'd recommend one or more
> > of the following ideas:
> >
> > 1. Pull down https://github.com/johnhubbard/linux/commits/gup_dma_core
> > and find missing conversions: look for any additional missing
> > get_user_pages/put_page conversions. You've already found a couple missing
> > ones. I haven't re-run a search in a long time, so there's probably even more.
> > a) And find more, after I rebase to 5.3-rc1: people probably are adding
> > get_user_pages() calls as we speak. :)
> Shouldn't this be documented then? I don't see any docs for using
> put_user_page*() in v5.2.1 in the memory management API section?
> > 2. Patches: Focus on just one subsystem at a time, and perfect the patch for
> > it. For example, I think this the staging driver would be perfect to start with:
> >
> > drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> >
> > a) verify that you've really, corrected converted the whole
> > driver. (Hint: I think you might be overlooking a put_page call.)
> Yup. I did see that! Will fix it!
> > b) Attempt to test it if you can (I'm being hypocritical in
> > the extreme here, but one of my problems is that testing
> > has been light, so any help is very valuable). qemu...?
> > OTOH, maybe even qemu cannot easily test a kpc2000, but
> > perhaps `git blame` and talking to the authors would help
> > figure out a way to validate the changes.
> Great! I ll do that, I ll mail the patch authors and ask them for help
> in testing.
> > Thinking about whether you can run a test that would prove or
> > disprove my claim in (a), above, could be useful in coming up
> > with tests to run.
>
> > In other words, a few very high quality conversions (even just one) that
> > we can really put our faith in, is what I value most here. Tested patches
> > are awesome.
> I understand that!
> > 3. Once I re-post, turn on the new CONFIG_DEBUG_GET_USER_PAGES_REFERENCES
> > and run things such as xfstest/fstest. (Again, doing so would be going
> > further than I have yet--very helpful). Help clarify what conversions have
> > actually been tested and work, and which ones remain unvalidated.
> > Other: Please note that this:
> Yup will do that.
> > https://github.com/johnhubbard/linux/commits/gup_dma_core
> >
> > a) gets rebased often, and
> >
> > b) has a bunch of commits (iov_iter and related) that conflict
> > with the latest linux.git,
> >
> > c) has some bugs in the bio area, that I'm fixing, so I don't trust
> > that's it's safely runnable, for a few more days.
> I assume your repo contains only work related to fixing gup issues and
> not the main repo for gup development? i.e where gup changes are merged?

We have been using Andrews tree for merging.

> Also are release_pages and put_user_pages interchangable?

Conceptually yes. But release_pages is more efficient. There was some
discussion around this starting here:

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190523172852.GA27175@iweiny-DESK2.sc.intel.com/

And a resulting bug fix.

https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/6/21/95

Ira

> > One note below, for the future:
> >
> > >
> > > This is a bunch of trivial conversions which is a part of an effort
> > > by John Hubbard to solve issues with gup pinned pages and
> > > filesystem writeback.
> > >
> > > The issue is more clearly described in John Hubbard's patch[1] where
> > > put_user_page*() functions are introduced.
> > >
> > > Currently put_user_page*() simply does put_page but future implementations
> > > look to change that once treewide change of put_page callsites to
> > > put_user_page*() is finished.
> > >
> > > The lwn article describing the issue with gup pinned pages and filesystem
> > > writeback [2].
> > >
> > > This patch has been tested by building and booting the kernel as I don't
> > > have the required hardware to test the device drivers.
> > >
> > > I did not modify gpu/drm drivers which use release_pages instead of
> > > put_page() to release reference of gup pinned pages as I am not clear
> > > whether release_pages and put_page are interchangable.
> > >
> > > [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/3/26/1396
> >
> > When referring to patches in a commit description, please use the
> > commit hash, not an external link. See Submitting Patches [1] for details.
> >
> > Also, once you figure out the right maintainers and other involved people,
> > putting Cc: in the commit description is common practice, too.
> >
> > [1] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/process/submitting-patches.html
> Will work on that! Thanks!
> > thanks,
> > --
> > John Hubbard
> > NVIDIA
> >
> > >
> > > [2] https://lwn.net/Articles/784574/
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Bharath Vedartham <linux.bhar@gmail.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c | 3 +--
> > > drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c | 2 +-
> > > drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c | 4 +---
> > > drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 2 +-
> > > fs/io_uring.c | 7 +++----
> > > mm/gup_benchmark.c | 6 +-----
> > > net/xdp/xdp_umem.c | 7 +------
> > > 7 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
> > > index 66a6c6c..d6eeb43 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/videobuf-dma-sg.c
> > > @@ -349,8 +349,7 @@ int videobuf_dma_free(struct videobuf_dmabuf *dma)
> > > BUG_ON(dma->sglen);
> > >
> > > if (dma->pages) {
> > > - for (i = 0; i < dma->nr_pages; i++)
> > > - put_page(dma->pages[i]);
> > > + put_user_pages(dma->pages, dma->nr_pages);
> > > kfree(dma->pages);
> > > dma->pages = NULL;
> > > }
> > > diff --git a/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c b/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> > > index 4b713a8..61b3447 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grufault.c
> > > @@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ static int non_atomic_pte_lookup(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > > if (get_user_pages(vaddr, 1, write ? FOLL_WRITE : 0, &page, NULL) <= 0)
> > > return -EFAULT;
> > > *paddr = page_to_phys(page);
> > > - put_page(page);
> > > + put_user_page(page);
> > > return 0;
> > > }
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c b/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> > > index 6166587..26dceed 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/staging/kpc2000/kpc_dma/fileops.c
> > > @@ -198,9 +198,7 @@ int kpc_dma_transfer(struct dev_private_data *priv, struct kiocb *kcb, unsigned
> > > sg_free_table(&acd->sgt);
> > > err_dma_map_sg:
> > > err_alloc_sg_table:
> > > - for (i = 0 ; i < acd->page_count ; i++){
> > > - put_page(acd->user_pages[i]);
> > > - }
> > > + put_user_pages(acd->user_pages, acd->page_count);
> > > err_get_user_pages:
> > > kfree(acd->user_pages);
> > > err_alloc_userpages:
> > > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > > index add34ad..c491524 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> > > @@ -369,7 +369,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
> > > */
> > > if (ret > 0 && vma_is_fsdax(vmas[0])) {
> > > ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
> > > - put_page(page[0]);
> > > + put_user_page(page[0]);
> > > }
> > > }
> > > up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> > > diff --git a/fs/io_uring.c b/fs/io_uring.c
> > > index 4ef62a4..b4a4549 100644
> > > --- a/fs/io_uring.c
> > > +++ b/fs/io_uring.c
> > > @@ -2694,10 +2694,9 @@ static int io_sqe_buffer_register(struct io_ring_ctx *ctx, void __user *arg,
> > > * if we did partial map, or found file backed vmas,
> > > * release any pages we did get
> > > */
> > > - if (pret > 0) {
> > > - for (j = 0; j < pret; j++)
> > > - put_page(pages[j]);
> > > - }
> > > + if (pret > 0)
> > > + put_user_pages(pages, pret);
> > > +
> > > if (ctx->account_mem)
> > > io_unaccount_mem(ctx->user, nr_pages);
> > > kvfree(imu->bvec);
> > > diff --git a/mm/gup_benchmark.c b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > > index 7dd602d..15fc7a2 100644
> > > --- a/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > > +++ b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > > @@ -76,11 +76,7 @@ static int __gup_benchmark_ioctl(unsigned int cmd,
> > > gup->size = addr - gup->addr;
> > >
> > > start_time = ktime_get();
> > > - for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
> > > - if (!pages[i])
> > > - break;
> > > - put_page(pages[i]);
> > > - }
> > > + put_user_pages(pages, nr_pages);
> > > end_time = ktime_get();
> > > gup->put_delta_usec = ktime_us_delta(end_time, start_time);
> > >
> > > diff --git a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
> > > index 9c6de4f..6103e19 100644
> > > --- a/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
> > > +++ b/net/xdp/xdp_umem.c
> > > @@ -173,12 +173,7 @@ static void xdp_umem_unpin_pages(struct xdp_umem *umem)
> > > {
> > > unsigned int i;
> > >
> > > - for (i = 0; i < umem->npgs; i++) {
> > > - struct page *page = umem->pgs[i];
> > > -
> > > - set_page_dirty_lock(page);
> > > - put_page(page);
> > > - }
> > > + put_user_pages_dirty_lock(umem->pgs, umem->npgs);
> > >
> > > kfree(umem->pgs);
> > > umem->pgs = NULL;
> > >

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