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Subject[PATCH 4.9 36/83] Btrfs: fix race updating log root item during fsync
From: Filipe Manana <>

commit 06989c799f04810f6876900d4760c0edda369cf7 upstream.

When syncing the log, the final phase of a fsync operation, we need to
either create a log root's item or update the existing item in the log
tree of log roots, and that depends on the current value of the log
root's log_transid - if it's 1 we need to create the log root item,
otherwise it must exist already and we update it. Since there is no
synchronization between updating the log_transid and checking it for
deciding whether the log root's item needs to be created or updated, we
end up with a tiny race window that results in attempts to update the
item to fail because the item was not yet created:



lock root->log_mutex

set log root's log_transid to 1

unlock root->log_mutex


lock root->log_mutex

sets log root's
log_transid to 2

unlock root->log_mutex


sees log root's log_transid
with a value of 2

calls btrfs_update_root(),
which fails with -EUCLEAN
and causes transaction abort

Until recently the race lead to a BUG_ON at btrfs_update_root(), but after
the recent commit 7ac1e464c4d47 ("btrfs: Don't panic when we can't find a
root key") we just abort the current transaction.

A sample trace of the BUG_ON() on a SLE12 kernel:

------------[ cut here ]------------
kernel BUG at ../fs/btrfs/root-tree.c:157!
Oops: Exception in kernel mode, sig: 5 [#1]
SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
Supported: Yes, External
CPU: 78 PID: 76303 Comm: rtas_errd Tainted: G X 4.4.156-94.57-default #1
task: c00000ffa906d010 ti: c00000ff42b08000 task.ti: c00000ff42b08000
NIP: d000000036ae5cdc LR: d000000036ae5cd8 CTR: 0000000000000000
REGS: c00000ff42b0b860 TRAP: 0700 Tainted: G X (4.4.156-94.57-default)
MSR: 8000000002029033 <SF,VEC,EE,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE> CR: 22444484 XER: 20000000
CFAR: d000000036aba66c SOFTE: 1
GPR00: d000000036ae5cd8 c00000ff42b0bae0 d000000036bda220 0000000000000054
GPR04: 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 c00007ffff8d37c8 0000000000000000
GPR08: c000000000e19c00 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 3736343438312079
GPR12: 3930373337303434 c000000007a3a800 00000000007fffff 0000000000000023
GPR16: c00000ffa9d26028 c00000ffa9d261f8 0000000000000010 c00000ffa9d2ab28
GPR20: c00000ff42b0bc48 0000000000000001 c00000ff9f0d9888 0000000000000001
GPR24: c00000ffa9d26000 c00000ffa9d261e8 c00000ffa9d2a800 c00000ff9f0d9888
GPR28: c00000ffa9d26028 c00000ffa9d2aa98 0000000000000001 c00000ffa98f5b20
NIP [d000000036ae5cdc] btrfs_update_root+0x25c/0x4e0 [btrfs]
LR [d000000036ae5cd8] btrfs_update_root+0x258/0x4e0 [btrfs]
Call Trace:
[c00000ff42b0bae0] [d000000036ae5cd8] btrfs_update_root+0x258/0x4e0 [btrfs] (unreliable)
[c00000ff42b0bba0] [d000000036b53610] btrfs_sync_log+0x2d0/0xc60 [btrfs]
[c00000ff42b0bce0] [d000000036b1785c] btrfs_sync_file+0x44c/0x4e0 [btrfs]
[c00000ff42b0bd80] [c00000000032e300] vfs_fsync_range+0x70/0x120
[c00000ff42b0bdd0] [c00000000032e44c] do_fsync+0x5c/0xb0
[c00000ff42b0be10] [c00000000032e8dc] SyS_fdatasync+0x2c/0x40
[c00000ff42b0be30] [c000000000009488] system_call+0x3c/0x100
Instruction dump:
7f43d378 4bffebb9 60000000 88d90008 3d220000 e8b90000 3b390009 e87a01f0
e8898e08 e8f90000 4bfd48e5 60000000 <0fe00000> e95b0060 39200004 394a0ea0
---[ end trace 8f2dc8f919cabab8 ]---

So fix this by doing the check of log_transid and updating or creating the
log root's item while holding the root's log_mutex.

Fixes: 7237f1833601d ("Btrfs: fix tree logs parallel sync")
CC: # 4.4+
Signed-off-by: Filipe Manana <>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

fs/btrfs/tree-log.c | 8 ++++++--
1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/fs/btrfs/tree-log.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/tree-log.c
@@ -2827,6 +2827,12 @@ int btrfs_sync_log(struct btrfs_trans_ha
log->log_transid = root->log_transid;
root->log_start_pid = 0;
+ * Update or create log root item under the root's log_mutex to prevent
+ * races with concurrent log syncs that can lead to failure to update
+ * log root item because it was not created yet.
+ */
+ ret = update_log_root(trans, log);
+ /*
* IO has been started, blocks of the log tree have WRITTEN flag set
* in their headers. new modifications of the log will be written to
* new positions. so it's safe to allow log writers to go in.
@@ -2845,8 +2851,6 @@ int btrfs_sync_log(struct btrfs_trans_ha


- ret = update_log_root(trans, log);
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&log_root_tree->log_writers)) {

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