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Subject[PATCH 4.4 241/241] fuse: Add FOPEN_STREAM to use stream_open()
From: Kirill Smelkov <>

commit bbd84f33652f852ce5992d65db4d020aba21f882 upstream.

Starting from commit 9c225f2655e3 ("vfs: atomic f_pos accesses as per
POSIX") files opened even via nonseekable_open gate read and write via lock
and do not allow them to be run simultaneously. This can create read vs
write deadlock if a filesystem is trying to implement a socket-like file
which is intended to be simultaneously used for both read and write from
filesystem client. See commit 10dce8af3422 ("fs: stream_open - opener for
stream-like files so that read and write can run simultaneously without
deadlock") for details and e.g. commit 581d21a2d02a ("xenbus: fix deadlock
on writes to /proc/xen/xenbus") for a similar deadlock example on

To avoid such deadlock it was tempting to adjust fuse_finish_open to use
stream_open instead of nonseekable_open on just FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE flags,
but grepping through Debian codesearch shows users of FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE,
and in particular GVFS which actually uses offset in its read and write

so if we would do such a change it will break a real user.

Add another flag (FOPEN_STREAM) for filesystem servers to indicate that the
opened handler is having stream-like semantics; does not use file position
and thus the kernel is free to issue simultaneous read and write request on
opened file handle.

This patch together with stream_open() should be added to stable kernels
starting from v3.14+. This will allow to patch OSSPD and other FUSE
filesystems that provide stream-like files to return FOPEN_STREAM |
FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE in open handler and this way avoid the deadlock on all
kernel versions. This should work because fuse_finish_open ignores unknown
open flags returned from a filesystem and so passing FOPEN_STREAM to a
kernel that is not aware of this flag cannot hurt. In turn the kernel that
is not aware of FOPEN_STREAM will be < v3.14 where just FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE
is sufficient to implement streams without read vs write deadlock.

Cc: # v3.14+
Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <>
Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

fs/fuse/file.c | 4 +++-
include/uapi/linux/fuse.h | 2 ++
2 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/fs/fuse/file.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/file.c
@@ -178,7 +178,9 @@ void fuse_finish_open(struct inode *inod
file->f_op = &fuse_direct_io_file_operations;
if (!(ff->open_flags & FOPEN_KEEP_CACHE))
- if (ff->open_flags & FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE)
+ if (ff->open_flags & FOPEN_STREAM)
+ stream_open(inode, file);
+ else if (ff->open_flags & FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE)
nonseekable_open(inode, file);
if (fc->atomic_o_trunc && (file->f_flags & O_TRUNC)) {
struct fuse_inode *fi = get_fuse_inode(inode);
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fuse.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fuse.h
@@ -205,10 +205,12 @@ struct fuse_file_lock {
* FOPEN_DIRECT_IO: bypass page cache for this open file
* FOPEN_KEEP_CACHE: don't invalidate the data cache on open
* FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE: the file is not seekable
+ * FOPEN_STREAM: the file is stream-like (no file position at all)
#define FOPEN_DIRECT_IO (1 << 0)
#define FOPEN_KEEP_CACHE (1 << 1)
#define FOPEN_NONSEEKABLE (1 << 2)
+#define FOPEN_STREAM (1 << 4)

* INIT request/reply flags

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