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SubjectRe: [PATCH] filesystem-dax: Disable PMD support
On Sun, Jun 30, 2019 at 8:23 AM Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> wrote:
>
> On Sun, Jun 30, 2019 at 01:01:04AM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> > On Sun, Jun 30, 2019 at 12:27 AM Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Sat, Jun 29, 2019 at 9:03 AM Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Thu, Jun 27, 2019 at 07:39:37PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> > > > > On Thu, Jun 27, 2019 at 12:59 PM Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On Thu, Jun 27, 2019 at 12:09:29PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> > > > > > > > This bug feels like we failed to unlock, or unlocked the wrong entry
> > > > > > > > and this hunk in the bisected commit looks suspect to me. Why do we
> > > > > > > > still need to drop the lock now that the radix_tree_preload() calls
> > > > > > > > are gone?
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Nevermind, unmapp_mapping_pages() takes a sleeping lock, but then I
> > > > > > > wonder why we don't restart the lookup like the old implementation.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > We have the entry locked:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > /*
> > > > > > * Make sure 'entry' remains valid while we drop
> > > > > > * the i_pages lock.
> > > > > > */
> > > > > > dax_lock_entry(xas, entry);
> > > > > >
> > > > > > /*
> > > > > > * Besides huge zero pages the only other thing that gets
> > > > > > * downgraded are empty entries which don't need to be
> > > > > > * unmapped.
> > > > > > */
> > > > > > if (dax_is_zero_entry(entry)) {
> > > > > > xas_unlock_irq(xas);
> > > > > > unmap_mapping_pages(mapping,
> > > > > > xas->xa_index & ~PG_PMD_COLOUR,
> > > > > > PG_PMD_NR, false);
> > > > > > xas_reset(xas);
> > > > > > xas_lock_irq(xas);
> > > > > > }
> > > > > >
> > > > > > If something can remove a locked entry, then that would seem like the
> > > > > > real bug. Might be worth inserting a lookup there to make sure that it
> > > > > > hasn't happened, I suppose?
> > > > >
> > > > > Nope, added a check, we do in fact get the same locked entry back
> > > > > after dropping the lock.
> > > > >
> > > > > The deadlock revolves around the mmap_sem. One thread holds it for
> > > > > read and then gets stuck indefinitely in get_unlocked_entry(). Once
> > > > > that happens another rocksdb thread tries to mmap and gets stuck
> > > > > trying to take the mmap_sem for write. Then all new readers, including
> > > > > ps and top that try to access a remote vma, then get queued behind
> > > > > that write.
> > > > >
> > > > > It could also be the case that we're missing a wake up.
> > > >
> > > > OK, I have a Theory.
> > > >
> > > > get_unlocked_entry() doesn't check the size of the entry being waited for.
> > > > So dax_iomap_pmd_fault() can end up sleeping waiting for a PTE entry,
> > > > which is (a) foolish, because we know it's going to fall back, and (b)
> > > > can lead to a missed wakeup because it's going to sleep waiting for
> > > > the PMD entry to come unlocked. Which it won't, unless there's a happy
> > > > accident that happens to map to the same hash bucket.
> > > >
> > > > Let's see if I can steal some time this weekend to whip up a patch.
> > >
> > > Theory seems to have some evidence... I instrumented fs/dax.c to track
> > > outstanding 'lock' entries and 'wait' events. At the time of the hang
> > > we see no locks held and the waiter is waiting on a pmd entry:
> > >
> > > [ 4001.354334] fs/dax locked entries: 0
> > > [ 4001.358425] fs/dax wait entries: 1
> > > [ 4001.362227] db_bench/2445 index: 0x0 shift: 6
> > > [ 4001.367099] grab_mapping_entry+0x17a/0x260
> > > [ 4001.371773] dax_iomap_pmd_fault.isra.43+0x168/0x7a0
> > > [ 4001.377316] ext4_dax_huge_fault+0x16f/0x1f0
> > > [ 4001.382086] __handle_mm_fault+0x411/0x1390
> > > [ 4001.386756] handle_mm_fault+0x172/0x360
> >
> > In fact, this naive fix is holding up so far:
> >
> > @@ -215,7 +216,7 @@ static wait_queue_head_t
> > *dax_entry_waitqueue(struct xa_state *xas,
> > * queue to the start of that PMD. This ensures that all offsets in
> > * the range covered by the PMD map to the same bit lock.
> > */
> > - if (dax_is_pmd_entry(entry))
> > + //if (dax_is_pmd_entry(entry))
> > index &= ~PG_PMD_COLOUR;
> > key->xa = xas->xa;
> > key->entry_start = index;
>
> Hah, that's a great naive fix! Thanks for trying that out.
>
> I think my theory was slightly mistaken, but your fix has the effect of
> fixing the actual problem too.
>
> The xas->xa_index for a PMD is going to be PMD-aligned (ie a multiple of
> 512), but xas_find_conflict() does _not_ adjust xa_index (... which I
> really should have mentioned in the documentation). So we go to sleep
> on the PMD-aligned index instead of the index of the PTE. Your patch
> fixes this by using the PMD-aligned index for PTEs too.
>
> I'm trying to come up with a clean fix for this. Clearly we
> shouldn't wait for a PTE entry if we're looking for a PMD entry.
> But what should get_unlocked_entry() return if it detects that case?
> We could have it return an error code encoded as an internal entry,
> like grab_mapping_entry() does. Or we could have it return the _locked_
> PTE entry, and have callers interpret that.
>
> At least get_unlocked_entry() is static, but it's got quite a few callers.
> Trying to discern which ones might ask for a PMD entry is a bit tricky.
> So this seems like a large patch which might have bugs.
>
> Thoughts?

...but if it was a problem of just mismatched waitqueue's I would have
expected it to trigger prior to commit b15cd800682f "dax: Convert page
fault handlers to XArray". This hunk, if I'm reading it correctly,
looks suspicious: @index in this case is coming directly from
vm->pgoff without pmd alignment adjustment whereas after the
conversion it's always pmd aligned from the xas->xa_index. So perhaps
the issue is that the lock happens at pte granularity. I expect it
would cause the old put_locked_mapping_entry() to WARN, but maybe that
avoids the lockup and was missed in the bisect.

@@ -884,21 +711,18 @@ static void *dax_insert_entry(struct
address_space *mapping,
* existing entry is a PMD, we will just leave the PMD in the
* tree and dirty it if necessary.
*/
- struct radix_tree_node *node;
- void **slot;
- void *ret;
-
- ret = __radix_tree_lookup(pages, index, &node, &slot);
- WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != entry);
- __radix_tree_replace(pages, node, slot,
- new_entry, NULL);
+ void *old = dax_lock_entry(xas, new_entry);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(old != xa_mk_value(xa_to_value(entry) |
+ DAX_LOCKED));
entry = new_entry;
+ } else {
+ xas_load(xas); /* Walk the xa_state */
}

if (dirty)
- radix_tree_tag_set(pages, index, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);
+ xas_set_mark(xas, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY);

- xa_unlock_irq(pages);
+ xas_unlock_irq(xas);
return entry;
}

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