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Subject[PATCH v2 3/4] iommu: Introduce device fault report API
Date
From: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>

Traditionally, device specific faults are detected and handled within
their own device drivers. When IOMMU is enabled, faults such as DMA
related transactions are detected by IOMMU. There is no generic
reporting mechanism to report faults back to the in-kernel device
driver or the guest OS in case of assigned devices.

This patch introduces a registration API for device specific fault
handlers. This differs from the existing iommu_set_fault_handler/
report_iommu_fault infrastructures in several ways:
- it allows to report more sophisticated fault events (both
unrecoverable faults and page request faults) due to the nature
of the iommu_fault struct
- it is device specific and not domain specific.

The current iommu_report_device_fault() implementation only handles
the "shoot and forget" unrecoverable fault case. Handling of page
request faults or stalled faults will come later.

Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
---
drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 146 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/iommu.h | 29 +++++++++
2 files changed, 172 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
index 67ee6623f9b2..8037a3f07f07 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
@@ -107,15 +107,43 @@ void iommu_device_unregister(struct iommu_device *iommu)
spin_unlock(&iommu_device_lock);
}

+static struct iommu_param *iommu_get_dev_param(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct iommu_param *param = dev->iommu_param;
+
+ if (param)
+ return param;
+
+ param = kzalloc(sizeof(*param), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!param)
+ return NULL;
+
+ mutex_init(&param->lock);
+ dev->iommu_param = param;
+ return param;
+}
+
+static void iommu_free_dev_param(struct device *dev)
+{
+ kfree(dev->iommu_param);
+ dev->iommu_param = NULL;
+}
+
int iommu_probe_device(struct device *dev)
{
const struct iommu_ops *ops = dev->bus->iommu_ops;
- int ret = -EINVAL;
+ int ret;

WARN_ON(dev->iommu_group);
+ if (!ops)
+ return -EINVAL;

- if (ops)
- ret = ops->add_device(dev);
+ if (!iommu_get_dev_param(dev))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ret = ops->add_device(dev);
+ if (ret)
+ iommu_free_dev_param(dev);

return ret;
}
@@ -126,6 +154,8 @@ void iommu_release_device(struct device *dev)

if (dev->iommu_group)
ops->remove_device(dev);
+
+ iommu_free_dev_param(dev);
}

static struct iommu_domain *__iommu_domain_alloc(struct bus_type *bus,
@@ -854,6 +884,116 @@ int iommu_group_unregister_notifier(struct iommu_group *group,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_group_unregister_notifier);

+/**
+ * iommu_register_device_fault_handler() - Register a device fault handler
+ * @dev: the device
+ * @handler: the fault handler
+ * @data: private data passed as argument to the handler
+ *
+ * When an IOMMU fault event is received, this handler gets called with the
+ * fault event and data as argument. The handler should return 0 on success.
+ *
+ * Return 0 if the fault handler was installed successfully, or an error.
+ */
+int iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev,
+ iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler,
+ void *data)
+{
+ struct iommu_param *param = dev->iommu_param;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!param)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_lock(&param->lock);
+ /* Only allow one fault handler registered for each device */
+ if (param->fault_param) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto done_unlock;
+ }
+
+ get_device(dev);
+ param->fault_param = kzalloc(sizeof(*param->fault_param), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!param->fault_param) {
+ put_device(dev);
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto done_unlock;
+ }
+ param->fault_param->handler = handler;
+ param->fault_param->data = data;
+
+done_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_register_device_fault_handler);
+
+/**
+ * iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler() - Unregister the device fault handler
+ * @dev: the device
+ *
+ * Remove the device fault handler installed with
+ * iommu_register_device_fault_handler().
+ *
+ * Return 0 on success, or an error.
+ */
+int iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct iommu_param *param = dev->iommu_param;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!param)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_lock(&param->lock);
+
+ if (!param->fault_param)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ kfree(param->fault_param);
+ param->fault_param = NULL;
+ put_device(dev);
+unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler);
+
+/**
+ * iommu_report_device_fault() - Report fault event to device driver
+ * @dev: the device
+ * @evt: fault event data
+ *
+ * Called by IOMMU drivers when a fault is detected, typically in a threaded IRQ
+ * handler.
+ *
+ * Return 0 on success, or an error.
+ */
+int iommu_report_device_fault(struct device *dev, struct iommu_fault_event *evt)
+{
+ struct iommu_param *param = dev->iommu_param;
+ struct iommu_fault_param *fparam;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!param || !evt)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* we only report device fault if there is a handler registered */
+ mutex_lock(&param->lock);
+ fparam = param->fault_param;
+ if (!fparam || !fparam->handler) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto done_unlock;
+ }
+ ret = fparam->handler(&evt->fault, fparam->data);
+done_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&param->lock);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_report_device_fault);
+
/**
* iommu_group_id - Return ID for a group
* @group: the group to ID
diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
index 2b05056d5fa7..3e783f5bf472 100644
--- a/include/linux/iommu.h
+++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
@@ -336,6 +336,7 @@ struct iommu_fault_param {
* struct iommu_fwspec *iommu_fwspec;
*/
struct iommu_param {
+ struct mutex lock;
struct iommu_fault_param *fault_param;
};

@@ -428,6 +429,15 @@ extern int iommu_group_register_notifier(struct iommu_group *group,
struct notifier_block *nb);
extern int iommu_group_unregister_notifier(struct iommu_group *group,
struct notifier_block *nb);
+extern int iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev,
+ iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler,
+ void *data);
+
+extern int iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev);
+
+extern int iommu_report_device_fault(struct device *dev,
+ struct iommu_fault_event *evt);
+
extern int iommu_group_id(struct iommu_group *group);
extern struct iommu_group *iommu_group_get_for_dev(struct device *dev);
extern struct iommu_domain *iommu_group_default_domain(struct iommu_group *);
@@ -736,6 +746,25 @@ static inline int iommu_group_unregister_notifier(struct iommu_group *group,
return 0;
}

+static inline
+int iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev,
+ iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler,
+ void *data)
+{
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static inline int iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline
+int iommu_report_device_fault(struct device *dev, struct iommu_fault_event *evt)
+{
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
static inline int iommu_group_id(struct iommu_group *group)
{
return -ENODEV;
--
2.21.0
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