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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 0/9] security: x86/sgx: SGX vs. LSM
On Mon, Jun 03, 2019 at 11:30:54AM -0700, Xing, Cedric wrote:
> > From: Christopherson, Sean J
> > Sent: Monday, June 03, 2019 10:16 AM
> >
> > On Sun, Jun 02, 2019 at 12:29:35AM -0700, Xing, Cedric wrote:
> > > Hi Sean,
> > >
> > > Generally I agree with your direction but think ALLOW_* flags are
> > > completely internal to LSM because they can be both produced and
> > > consumed inside an LSM module. So spilling them into SGX driver and
> > > also user mode code makes the solution ugly and in some cases
> > > impractical because not every enclave host process has a priori
> > > knowledge on whether or not an enclave page would be EMODPE'd at
> > runtime.
> >
> > In this case, the host process should tag *all* pages it *might* convert
> > to executable as ALLOW_EXEC. LSMs can (and should/will) be written in
> > such a way that denying ALLOW_EXEC is fatal to the enclave if and only
> > if the enclave actually attempts mprotect(PROT_EXEC).
>
> What if those pages contain self-modifying code but the host doesn't know
> ahead of time? Would it require ALLOW_WRITE|ALLOW_EXEC at EADD? Then would it
> prevent those pages to start with PROT_EXEC?

Without ALLOW_WRITE+ALLOW_EXEC, the enclave would build and launch, but
fail at mprotect(..., PROT_WRITE), e.g. when it attempted to gain write
access to do self-modifying code. And it would would fail irrespective of
LSM restrictions.

> Anyway, my point is that it is unnecessary even if it works.

Unnecessary in an ideal world, yes. Realistically, it's the least bad
option.

> > Take the SELinux path for example. The only scenario in which
> > PROT_WRITE is cleared from @allowed_prot is if the page *starts* with
> > PROT_EXEC.
> > If PROT_EXEC is denied on a page that starts RW, e.g. an EAUG'd page,
> > then PROT_EXEC will be cleared from @allowed_prot.
> >
> > As Stephen pointed out, auditing the denials on @allowed_prot means the
> > log will contain false positives of a sort. But this is more of a noise
> > issue than true false positives. E.g. there are three possible outcomes
> > for the enclave.
> >
> > - The enclave does not do EMODPE[PROT_EXEC] in any scenario, ever.
> > Requesting ALLOW_EXEC is either a straightforward a userspace bug or
> > a poorly written generic enclave loader.
> >
> > - The enclave conditionally performs EMODPE[PROT_EXEC]. In this case
> > the denial is a true false positive.
> >
> > - The enclave does EMODPE[PROT_EXEC] and its host userspace then fails
> > on mprotect(PROT_EXEC), i.e. the LSM denial is working as intended.
> > The audit log will be noisy, but viewed as a whole the denials
> > aren't
> > false positives.
>
> What I was talking about was EMODPE[PROT_WRITE] on an RX page.

As above, mprotect(..., PROT_WRITE) would fail without ALLOW_WRITE.

> > The potential for noisy audit logs and/or false positives is unfortunate,
> > but it's (by far) the lesser of many evils.
> >
> > > Theoretically speaking, what you really need is a per page flag (let's
> > > name it WRITTEN?) indicating whether a page has ever been written to
> > > (or more precisely, granted PROT_WRITE), which will be used to decide
> > > whether to grant PROT_EXEC when requested in future. Given the fact
> > > that all mprotect() goes through LSM and mmap() is limited to
> > > PROT_NONE, it's easy for LSM to capture that flag by itself instead of
> > asking user mode code to provide it.
> > >
> > > That said, here is the summary of what I think is a better approach.
> > > * In hook security_file_alloc(), if @file is an enclave, allocate some
> > data
> > > structure to store for every page, the WRITTEN flag as described
> > above.
> > > WRITTEN is cleared initially for all pages.
> >
> > This would effectively require *every* LSM to duplicate the SGX driver's
> > functionality, e.g. track per-page metadata, implement locking to
> > prevent races between multiple mm structs, etc...
>
> Architecturally we shouldn't dictate how LSM makes decisions. ALLOW_* are no
> difference than PROCESS__* or FILE__* flags, which are just artifacts to
> assist particular LSMs in decision making. They are never considered part of
> the LSM interface, even if other LSMs than SELinux may adopt the same/similar
> approach.

No, the flags are tracked and managed by SGX. We are not dictating LSM
behavior in any way, e.g. an LSM could completely ignore @allowed_prot and
nothing would break.

> If code duplication is what you are worrying about, you can put them in a
> library, or implement/export them in some new file (maybe
> security/enclave.c?) as utility functions.

Code duplication is the least of my concerns. Tracking file pointers
would require a global list/tree of some form, along with a locking and/or
RCU scheme to protect accesses to that container. Another lock would be
needed to prevent races between mprotect() calls from different processes.

> But spilling them into user mode is what I think is unacceptable.

Why is it unacceptable? There's effectively no cost to userspace for SGX1.
The ALLOW_* flags only come into play in the event of a noexec or LSM
restriction, i.e. worst case scenario an enclave that wants to do arbitrary
self-modifying code can declare RWX on everything.

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