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SubjectRe: [RFC V1 RESEND 2/6] PCI/MSI: Dynamic allocation of MSI-X vectors by group
Megha,

On Fri, 21 Jun 2019, Megha Dey wrote:

> Currently, MSI-X vector enabling and allocation for a PCIe device is
> static i.e. a device driver gets only one chance to enable a specific
> number of MSI-X vectors, usually during device probe. Also, in many
> cases, drivers usually reserve more than required number of vectors
> anticipating their use, which unnecessarily blocks resources that
> could have been made available to other devices. Lastly, there is no
> way for drivers to reserve more vectors, if the MSI-X has already been
> enabled for that device.

It would be helpful if the justification for this would contain a real
world example instead of some handwaving. Also this whole set lacks a
pointer to a driver which makes use of it.

> Hence, a dynamic MSI-X kernel infrastructure can benefit drivers by
> deferring MSI-X allocation to post probe phase, where actual demand
> information is available.
>
> This patch enables the dynamic allocation of MSI-X vectors even after

git grep 'This patch' Documentation/process/submitting-patches.rst

> MSI-X is enabled for a PCIe device by introducing a new API:
> pci_alloc_irq_vectors_dyn().
>
> This API can be called multiple times by the driver. The MSI-X vectors
> allocated each time are associated with a group ID. If the existing
> static allocation is used, a default group ID of -1 is assigned. The

Why -1? Why not start from group ID 0 which is the most natural thing,

> +
> /* Configure MSI capability structure */
> ret = pci_msi_setup_msi_irqs(dev, nvec, PCI_CAP_ID_MSI);
> if (ret) {
> @@ -669,7 +676,7 @@ static void __iomem *msix_map_region(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned nr_entries)
>
> static int msix_setup_entries(struct pci_dev *dev, void __iomem *base,
> struct msix_entry *entries, int nvec,
> - struct irq_affinity *affd)
> + struct irq_affinity *affd, int group)
> {
> struct irq_affinity_desc *curmsk, *masks = NULL;
> struct msi_desc *entry;
> @@ -698,8 +705,20 @@ static int msix_setup_entries(struct pci_dev *dev, void __iomem *base,
> entry->msi_attrib.entry_nr = i;
> entry->msi_attrib.default_irq = dev->irq;
> entry->mask_base = base;
> + entry->group_id = group;
>
> list_add_tail(&entry->list, dev_to_msi_list(&dev->dev));

What protects other users which might concurrently iterate the list from
falling on their nose?

Right now the device entry list is set up and then considered immutable
until the driver shuts down. So there is no need for serialization.

With that scheme entries are populated piecewise and are visible and might
be in use.

> +
> + /*
> + * Save the pointer to the first msi_desc entry of every
> + * MSI-X group. This pointer is used by other functions
> + * as the starting point to iterate through each of the
> + * entries in that particular group.
> + */
> + if (!i)
> + dev->dev.grp_first_desc = list_last_entry
> + (dev_to_msi_list(&dev->dev), struct msi_desc, list);

How is that supposed to work? The pointer gets overwritten on every
invocation of that interface. I assume this is merily an intermediate
storage for setup. Shudder.

> +
> if (masks)
> curmsk++;
> }
> @@ -715,7 +734,7 @@ static void msix_program_entries(struct pci_dev *dev,
> struct msi_desc *entry;
> int i = 0;
>
> - for_each_pci_msi_entry(entry, dev) {
> + for_each_pci_msi_entry_from(entry, dev) {

> +/* Iterate through MSI entries of device dev starting from a given desc */
> +#define for_each_msi_entry_from(desc, dev) \
> + desc = (*dev).grp_first_desc; \
> + list_for_each_entry_from((desc), dev_to_msi_list((dev)), list) \

So this hides the whole group stuff behind a hideous iterator.

for_each_pci_msi_entry_from() ? from what? from the device? Sane iterators
which have a _from naming, have also a from argument.

> if (entries)
> entries[i++].vector = entry->irq;
> entry->masked = readl(pci_msix_desc_addr(entry) +
> @@ -730,28 +749,31 @@ static void msix_program_entries(struct pci_dev *dev,
> * @entries: pointer to an array of struct msix_entry entries
> * @nvec: number of @entries
> * @affd: Optional pointer to enable automatic affinity assignement
> + * @group: The Group ID to be allocated to the msi-x vectors

That suggest that the group id is allocated in this function. Which is not
true. The id is handed in so the entries can be associated to that group.

> *
> * Setup the MSI-X capability structure of device function with a
> * single MSI-X irq. A return of zero indicates the successful setup of
> * requested MSI-X entries with allocated irqs or non-zero for otherwise.
> **/
> static int msix_capability_init(struct pci_dev *dev, struct msix_entry *entries,
> - int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd)
> + int nvec, struct irq_affinity *affd, int group)
> {
> int ret;
> u16 control;
> - void __iomem *base;
>
> /* Ensure MSI-X is disabled while it is set up */
> pci_msix_clear_and_set_ctrl(dev, PCI_MSIX_FLAGS_ENABLE, 0);
>
> pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, &control);
> +
> /* Request & Map MSI-X table region */
> - base = msix_map_region(dev, msix_table_size(control));
> - if (!base)
> - return -ENOMEM;
> + if (!dev->msix_enabled) {
> + dev->base = msix_map_region(dev, msix_table_size(control));
> + if (!dev->base)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
>
> - ret = msix_setup_entries(dev, base, entries, nvec, affd);
> + ret = msix_setup_entries(dev, dev->base, entries, nvec, affd, group);
> if (ret)
> return ret;

Any error exit in this function will leave MSIx disabled. That means if
this is a subsequent group allocation which fails for whatever reason, this
will render all existing and possibly already in use interrupts unusable.

> static int __pci_enable_msix_range(struct pci_dev *dev,
> struct msix_entry *entries, int minvec,
> - int maxvec, struct irq_affinity *affd)
> + int maxvec, struct irq_affinity *affd,
> + bool one_shot, int group)
> {
> int rc, nvec = maxvec;
>
> if (maxvec < minvec)
> return -ERANGE;
>
> - if (WARN_ON_ONCE(dev->msix_enabled))
> - return -EINVAL;

So any misbehaving PCI driver can now call into this without being caught.

> -
> for (;;) {
> if (affd) {
> nvec = irq_calc_affinity_vectors(minvec, nvec, affd);
> @@ -1096,7 +1118,8 @@ static int __pci_enable_msix_range(struct pci_dev *dev,
> return -ENOSPC;
> }
>
> - rc = __pci_enable_msix(dev, entries, nvec, affd);
> + rc = __pci_enable_msix(dev, entries, nvec, affd, one_shot,
> + group);
> if (rc == 0)
> return nvec;
>
> @@ -1127,7 +1150,8 @@ static int __pci_enable_msix_range(struct pci_dev *dev,
> int pci_enable_msix_range(struct pci_dev *dev, struct msix_entry *entries,
> int minvec, int maxvec)
> {
> - return __pci_enable_msix_range(dev, entries, minvec, maxvec, NULL);
> + return __pci_enable_msix_range(dev, entries, minvec, maxvec, NULL,
> + false, -1);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_enable_msix_range);
>
> @@ -1153,9 +1177,49 @@ int pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned int min_vecs,
> unsigned int max_vecs, unsigned int flags,
> struct irq_affinity *affd)
> {
> + int group = -1;
> +
> + dev->one_shot = true;

So instead of checking first whether this was already initialized you
unconditionally allow this function to be called and cause havoc.

> +
> + return pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity_dyn(dev, min_vecs, max_vecs,
> + flags, NULL, &group, dev->one_shot);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity);
> +
> +/**
> + * pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity_dyn - allocate multiple IRQs for a device
> + * dynamically. Can be called multiple times.
> + * @dev: PCI device to operate on
> + * @min_vecs: minimum number of vectors required (must be >= 1)
> + * @max_vecs: maximum (desired) number of vectors
> + * @flags: flags or quirks for the allocation
> + * @affd: optional description of the affinity requirements
> + * @group_id: group ID assigned to vectors allocated

This is again misleading. It suggest that this is a group id handed in,
while it is a pointer to an int where the group id will be stored.

> + * @one_shot: true if dynamic MSI-X allocation is disabled, else false

What? You have a interface for dynamically allocating the vectors and that
has an argument to disable dynamic allocation?

> + * Allocate up to @max_vecs interrupt vectors for @dev, using MSI-X. Return
> + * the number of vectors allocated (which might be smaller than @max_vecs)
> + * if successful, or a negative error code on error. If less than @min_vecs
> + * interrupt vectors are available for @dev the function will fail with -ENOSPC.
> + * Assign a unique group ID to the set of vectors being allocated.
> + *
> + * To get the Linux IRQ number used for a vector that can be passed to
> + * request_irq() use the pci_irq_vector_group() helper.
> + */
> +int pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity_dyn(struct pci_dev *dev,
> + unsigned int min_vecs,
> + unsigned int max_vecs,
> + unsigned int flags,
> + struct irq_affinity *affd,
> + int *group_id, bool one_shot)
> +{
> +
> struct irq_affinity msi_default_affd = {0};
> - int msix_vecs = -ENOSPC;
> + int msix_vecs = -ENOSPC, i;
> int msi_vecs = -ENOSPC;
> + struct msix_entry *entries = NULL;
> + struct msi_desc *entry;
> + int p = 0;
>
> if (flags & PCI_IRQ_AFFINITY) {
> if (!affd)
> @@ -1166,8 +1230,54 @@ int pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned int min_vecs,
> }
>
> if (flags & PCI_IRQ_MSIX) {
> - msix_vecs = __pci_enable_msix_range(dev, NULL, min_vecs,
> - max_vecs, affd);
> + if (dev->msix_enabled) {
> + if (one_shot) {
> + goto err_alloc;
> + } else {
> + for_each_pci_msi_entry(entry, dev) {
> + if (entry->group_id != -1)
> + p = 1;
> + }
> + if (!p)
> + goto err_alloc;
> + }
> + } else {
> + dev->num_msix = pci_msix_vec_count(dev);
> + dev->entry = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(dev->num_msix),
> + sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!dev->entry)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + entries = kcalloc(max_vecs, sizeof(struct msix_entry),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (entries == NULL)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < max_vecs; i++) {
> + entries[i].entry = find_first_zero_bit(
> + dev->entry, dev->num_msix);
> + if (entries[i].entry == dev->num_msix)
> + return -ENOSPC;

Leaks entries and dev->entry

> + set_bit(entries[i].entry, dev->entry);
> + }
> +
> + if (!one_shot) {
> + /* Assign a unique group ID */
> + *group_id = idr_alloc(dev->grp_idr, NULL,
> + 0, dev->num_msix, GFP_KERNEL);

Why on earth do you need an IDR for this? The group ID is merily a
cookie. So just having an u64 which starts from 0 and is incremented after
each invocation should be good enough. You can catch the wraparound case,
but even if you just use an unsigned int, then it takes 4G invocations to
reach that point.

> + if (*group_id < 0) {
> + if (*group_id == -ENOSPC)
> + pci_err(dev, "No free group IDs\n");
> + return *group_id;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + msix_vecs = __pci_enable_msix_range(dev, entries, min_vecs,
> + max_vecs, affd, one_shot, *group_id);
> +
> + kfree(entries);
> +
> if (msix_vecs > 0)
> return msix_vecs;
> }
> @@ -1197,8 +1307,12 @@ int pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned int min_vecs,
> if (msix_vecs == -ENOSPC)
> return -ENOSPC;
> return msi_vecs;
> +
> +err_alloc:
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(dev->msix_enabled);

Oh well.

> + return -EINVAL;
> }
> -EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity_dyn);
>
> + /* For dynamic MSI-x */
> + dev->grp_idr = kzalloc(sizeof(struct idr), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!dev->grp_idr)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + /* Initialise the IDR structures */
> + idr_init(dev->grp_idr);

As already pointed out, that's overengineered.

First of all this patch is doing too many things at once. These changes
need to be split up in reviewable bits and pieces.

But I consider this approach as a POC and not something which can be meant
as a maintainable solution. It just duct tapes this new functionality into
the existing code thereby breaking things left and right. And even if you
can 'fix' these issues with more duct tape it won't be maintainable at all.

If you want to support group based allocations, then the PCI/MSI facility
has to be refactored from ground up.

1) Introduce the concept of groups by adding a group list head to struct
pci_dev. Ideally you create a new struct pci_dev_msi or whatever where
all this muck goes into.
2) Change the existing code to treat the current allocation mode as a
group allocation. Keep the entries in a new struct msi_entry_group and
have a group id, list head and the entries in there.

Take care of protecting the group list.

Assign group id 0 and add the entry_group to the list in the pci device.

Rework the related functions so they are group aware.

This can be split into preparatory and functional pieces, i.e. multiple
patches.

3) Split out the 'first time' enablement code into separate functions and
store the relevant state in struct pci_dev_msi

4) Rename pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity() to
pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity_group() and add a group_id pointer
argument.

Make pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity() a wrapper function which hands
in a NULL group id pointer and does proper sanity checking.

5) Create similar constructs for related functionality

6) Enable the group allocation mode for subsequent allocations

Thanks,

tglx




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