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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] mm, memcg: Add a memcg_slabinfo debugfs file
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On 6/19/19 7:48 PM, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> Hi Waiman,
>
> On Wed, Jun 19, 2019 at 10:16 AM Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com> wrote:
>> There are concerns about memory leaks from extensive use of memory
>> cgroups as each memory cgroup creates its own set of kmem caches. There
>> is a possiblity that the memcg kmem caches may remain even after the
>> memory cgroups have been offlined. Therefore, it will be useful to show
>> the status of each of memcg kmem caches.
>>
>> This patch introduces a new <debugfs>/memcg_slabinfo file which is
>> somewhat similar to /proc/slabinfo in format, but lists only information
>> about kmem caches that have child memcg kmem caches. Information
>> available in /proc/slabinfo are not repeated in memcg_slabinfo.
>>
>> A portion of a sample output of the file was:
>>
>> # <name> <css_id[:dead]> <active_objs> <num_objs> <active_slabs> <num_slabs>
>> rpc_inode_cache root 13 51 1 1
>> rpc_inode_cache 48 0 0 0 0
>> fat_inode_cache root 1 45 1 1
>> fat_inode_cache 41 2 45 1 1
>> xfs_inode root 770 816 24 24
>> xfs_inode 92 22 34 1 1
>> xfs_inode 88:dead 1 34 1 1
>> xfs_inode 89:dead 23 34 1 1
>> xfs_inode 85 4 34 1 1
>> xfs_inode 84 9 34 1 1
>>
>> The css id of the memcg is also listed. If a memcg is not online,
>> the tag ":dead" will be attached as shown above.
>>
>> Suggested-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
>> ---
>> mm/slab_common.c | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 1 file changed, 57 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/mm/slab_common.c b/mm/slab_common.c
>> index 58251ba63e4a..2bca1558a722 100644
>> --- a/mm/slab_common.c
>> +++ b/mm/slab_common.c
>> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
>> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
>> #include <linux/seq_file.h>
>> #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
>> +#include <linux/debugfs.h>
>> #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
>> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
>> #include <asm/page.h>
>> @@ -1498,6 +1499,62 @@ static int __init slab_proc_init(void)
>> return 0;
>> }
>> module_init(slab_proc_init);
>> +
>> +#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_FS) && defined(CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM)
>> +/*
>> + * Display information about kmem caches that have child memcg caches.
>> + */
>> +static int memcg_slabinfo_show(struct seq_file *m, void *unused)
>> +{
>> + struct kmem_cache *s, *c;
>> + struct slabinfo sinfo;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&slab_mutex);
> On large machines there can be thousands of memcgs and potentially
> each memcg can have hundreds of kmem caches. So, the slab_mutex can be
> held for a very long time.

But that is also what /proc/slabinfo does by doing mutex_lock() at
slab_start() and mutex_unlock() at slab_stop(). So the same problem will
happen when /proc/slabinfo is being read.

When you are in a situation that reading /proc/slabinfo take a long time
because of the large number of memcg's, the system is in some kind of
trouble anyway. I am saying that we should not improve the scalability
of this patch. It is just that some nasty race conditions may pop up if
we release the lock and re-acquire it latter. That will greatly
complicate the code to handle all those edge cases.

> Our internal implementation traverses the memcg tree and then
> traverses 'memcg->kmem_caches' within the slab_mutex (and
> cond_resched() after unlock).
For cgroup v1, the setting of the CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG option will allow
you to iterate and display slabinfo just for that particular memcg. I am
thinking of extending the debug controller to do similar thing for
cgroup v2.
>> + seq_puts(m, "# <name> <css_id[:dead]> <active_objs> <num_objs>");
>> + seq_puts(m, " <active_slabs> <num_slabs>\n");
>> + list_for_each_entry(s, &slab_root_caches, root_caches_node) {
>> + /*
>> + * Skip kmem caches that don't have any memcg children.
>> + */
>> + if (list_empty(&s->memcg_params.children))
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + memset(&sinfo, 0, sizeof(sinfo));
>> + get_slabinfo(s, &sinfo);
>> + seq_printf(m, "%-17s root %6lu %6lu %6lu %6lu\n",
>> + cache_name(s), sinfo.active_objs, sinfo.num_objs,
>> + sinfo.active_slabs, sinfo.num_slabs);
>> +
>> + for_each_memcg_cache(c, s) {
>> + struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
>> + char *dead = "";
>> +
>> + css = &c->memcg_params.memcg->css;
>> + if (!(css->flags & CSS_ONLINE))
>> + dead = ":dead";
> Please note that Roman's kmem cache reparenting patch series have made
> kmem caches of zombie memcgs a bit tricky. On memcg offlining the
> memcg kmem caches are reparented and the css->id can get recycled. So,
> we want to know that the a kmem cache is reparented and which memcg it
> belonged to initially. Determining if a kmem cache is reparented, we
> can store a flag on the kmem cache and for the previous memcg we can
> use fhandle. However to not make this more complicated, for now, we
> can just have the info that the kmem cache was reparented i.e. belongs
> to an offlined memcg.

I need to play with Roman's kmem cache reparenting patch a bit more to
see how to properly recognize a reparent'ed kmem cache. What I have
noticed is that the dead kmem caches that I saw at boot up were gone
after applying his patch. So that is a good thing.

For now, I think the current patch is good enough for its purpose. I may
send follow-up if I see something that can be improved.

Cheers,
Longman

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