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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 2/5] KVM: LAPIC: inject lapic timer interrupt by posted interrupt
Hi Li,

On Wed, Jun 19, 2019 at 08:36:06AM +0800, Wanpeng Li wrote:
> On Tue, 18 Jun 2019 at 21:36, Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 07:24:44PM +0800, Wanpeng Li wrote:
> > > From: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> > >
> > > Dedicated instances are currently disturbed by unnecessary jitter due
> > > to the emulated lapic timers fire on the same pCPUs which vCPUs resident.
> > > There is no hardware virtual timer on Intel for guest like ARM. Both
> > > programming timer in guest and the emulated timer fires incur vmexits.
> > > This patch tries to avoid vmexit which is incurred by the emulated
> > > timer fires in dedicated instance scenario.
> > >
> > > When nohz_full is enabled in dedicated instances scenario, the emulated
> > > timers can be offload to the nearest busy housekeeping cpus since APICv
> > > is really common in recent years. The guest timer interrupt is injected
> > > by posted-interrupt which is delivered by housekeeping cpu once the emulated
> > > timer fires.
> > >
> > > The host admin should fine tuned, e.g. dedicated instances scenario w/
> > > nohz_full cover the pCPUs which vCPUs resident, several pCPUs surplus
> > > for busy housekeeping, disable mwait/hlt/pause vmexits to keep in non-root
> > > mode, ~3% redis performance benefit can be observed on Skylake server.
> > >
> > > w/o patch:
> > >
> > > VM-EXIT Samples Samples% Time% Min Time Max Time Avg time
> > >
> > > EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT 42916 49.43% 39.30% 0.47us 106.09us 0.71us ( +- 1.09% )
> > >
> > > w/ patch:
> > >
> > > VM-EXIT Samples Samples% Time% Min Time Max Time Avg time
> > >
> > > EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT 6871 9.29% 2.96% 0.44us 57.88us 0.72us ( +- 4.02% )
> > >
> > > Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> > > Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
> > > Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> > > ---
> > > arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> > > arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h | 1 +
> > > arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 3 ++-
> > > arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 5 +++++
> > > arch/x86/kvm/x86.h | 2 ++
> > > include/linux/sched/isolation.h | 2 ++
> > > kernel/sched/isolation.c | 6 ++++++
> > > 7 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > > index 87ecb56..9ceeee5 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > > @@ -122,6 +122,13 @@ static inline u32 kvm_x2apic_id(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
> > > return apic->vcpu->vcpu_id;
> > > }
> > >
> > > +bool posted_interrupt_inject_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > +{
> > > + return pi_inject_timer && kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu) &&
> > > + kvm_hlt_in_guest(vcpu->kvm);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(posted_interrupt_inject_timer);
> >
> > Paolo, can you explain the reasoning behind this?
> >
> > Should not be necessary...
>
> Here some new discussions:
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/6/13/1423

Not sure what this has to do with injecting timer
interrupts via posted interrupts ?

> https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/6/13/1420

Two things (unrelated to the above):

1) hrtimer_reprogram is unable to wakeup a remote vCPU, therefore
i believe execution of apic_timer_expired can be delayed.
Should wakeup the CPU which hosts apic_timer_expired.


/*
* If the timer is not on the current cpu, we cannot reprogram
* the other cpus clock event device.
*/
if (base->cpu_base != cpu_base)
return;

2) Getting an oops when running cyclictest, debugging...

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