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Subject[PATCH 5/9] keys: Move the user and user-session keyrings to the user_namespace [ver #4]
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Move the user and user-session keyrings to the user_namespace struct rather
than pinning them from the user_struct struct. This prevents these
keyrings from propagating across user-namespaces boundaries with regard to
the KEY_SPEC_* flags, thereby making them more useful in a containerised
environment.

The issue is that a single user_struct may be represent UIDs in several
different namespaces.

The way the patch does this is by attaching a 'register keyring' in each
user_namespace and then sticking the user and user-session keyrings into
that. It can then be searched to retrieve them.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
---

include/linux/sched/user.h | 14 --
include/linux/user_namespace.h | 9 +
kernel/user.c | 7 -
kernel/user_namespace.c | 4 -
security/keys/internal.h | 3
security/keys/keyring.c | 1
security/keys/persistent.c | 8 +
security/keys/process_keys.c | 259 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
security/keys/request_key.c | 20 ++-
9 files changed, 196 insertions(+), 129 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched/user.h b/include/linux/sched/user.h
index 468d2565a9fe..917d88edb7b9 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/user.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/user.h
@@ -7,8 +7,6 @@
#include <linux/refcount.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>

-struct key;
-
/*
* Some day this will be a full-fledged user tracking system..
*/
@@ -30,18 +28,6 @@ struct user_struct {
unsigned long unix_inflight; /* How many files in flight in unix sockets */
atomic_long_t pipe_bufs; /* how many pages are allocated in pipe buffers */

-#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
- /*
- * These pointers can only change from NULL to a non-NULL value once.
- * Writes are protected by key_user_keyring_mutex.
- * Unlocked readers should use READ_ONCE() unless they know that
- * install_user_keyrings() has been called successfully (which sets
- * these members to non-NULL values, preventing further modifications).
- */
- struct key *uid_keyring; /* UID specific keyring */
- struct key *session_keyring; /* UID's default session keyring */
-#endif
-
/* Hash table maintenance information */
struct hlist_node uidhash_node;
kuid_t uid;
diff --git a/include/linux/user_namespace.h b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
index 90457015fa3f..fb9f4f799554 100644
--- a/include/linux/user_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/user_namespace.h
@@ -65,14 +65,19 @@ struct user_namespace {
unsigned long flags;

#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
- /* List of joinable keyrings in this namespace */
+ /* List of joinable keyrings in this namespace. Modification access of
+ * these pointers is controlled by keyring_sem. Once
+ * user_keyring_register is set, it won't be changed, so it can be
+ * accessed directly with READ_ONCE().
+ */
struct list_head keyring_name_list;
+ struct key *user_keyring_register;
+ struct rw_semaphore keyring_sem;
#endif

/* Register of per-UID persistent keyrings for this namespace */
#ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS
struct key *persistent_keyring_register;
- struct rw_semaphore persistent_keyring_register_sem;
#endif
struct work_struct work;
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index 50979fd1b7aa..f8519b62cf9a 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -64,10 +64,7 @@ struct user_namespace init_user_ns = {
.flags = USERNS_INIT_FLAGS,
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
.keyring_name_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_user_ns.keyring_name_list),
-#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS
- .persistent_keyring_register_sem =
- __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(init_user_ns.persistent_keyring_register_sem),
+ .keyring_sem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(init_user_ns.keyring_sem),
#endif
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(init_user_ns);
@@ -143,8 +140,6 @@ static void free_user(struct user_struct *up, unsigned long flags)
{
uid_hash_remove(up);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
- key_put(up->uid_keyring);
- key_put(up->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, up);
}

diff --git a/kernel/user_namespace.c b/kernel/user_namespace.c
index bda6e890ad88..c87c2ecc7085 100644
--- a/kernel/user_namespace.c
+++ b/kernel/user_namespace.c
@@ -135,9 +135,7 @@ int create_user_ns(struct cred *new)

#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ns->keyring_name_list);
-#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS
- init_rwsem(&ns->persistent_keyring_register_sem);
+ init_rwsem(&ns->keyring_sem);
#endif
ret = -ENOMEM;
if (!setup_userns_sysctls(ns))
diff --git a/security/keys/internal.h b/security/keys/internal.h
index aa361299a3ec..d3a9439e2386 100644
--- a/security/keys/internal.h
+++ b/security/keys/internal.h
@@ -148,7 +148,8 @@ extern key_ref_t search_process_keyrings_rcu(struct keyring_search_context *ctx)

extern struct key *find_keyring_by_name(const char *name, bool uid_keyring);

-extern int install_user_keyrings(void);
+extern int look_up_user_keyrings(struct key **, struct key **);
+extern struct key *get_user_session_keyring_rcu(const struct cred *);
extern int install_thread_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *);
extern int install_process_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *);
extern int install_session_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *, struct key *);
diff --git a/security/keys/keyring.c b/security/keys/keyring.c
index fe851292509e..3663e5168583 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyring.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyring.c
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ void key_free_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns)
list_del_init(&ns->keyring_name_list);
write_unlock(&keyring_name_lock);

+ key_put(ns->user_keyring_register);
#ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS
key_put(ns->persistent_keyring_register);
#endif
diff --git a/security/keys/persistent.c b/security/keys/persistent.c
index fc29ec59efa7..90303fe4a394 100644
--- a/security/keys/persistent.c
+++ b/security/keys/persistent.c
@@ -91,9 +91,9 @@ static long key_get_persistent(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid,

if (ns->persistent_keyring_register) {
reg_ref = make_key_ref(ns->persistent_keyring_register, true);
- down_read(&ns->persistent_keyring_register_sem);
+ down_read(&ns->keyring_sem);
persistent_ref = find_key_to_update(reg_ref, &index_key);
- up_read(&ns->persistent_keyring_register_sem);
+ up_read(&ns->keyring_sem);

if (persistent_ref)
goto found;
@@ -102,9 +102,9 @@ static long key_get_persistent(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid,
/* It wasn't in the register, so we'll need to create it. We might
* also need to create the register.
*/
- down_write(&ns->persistent_keyring_register_sem);
+ down_write(&ns->keyring_sem);
persistent_ref = key_create_persistent(ns, uid, &index_key);
- up_write(&ns->persistent_keyring_register_sem);
+ up_write(&ns->keyring_sem);
if (!IS_ERR(persistent_ref))
goto found;

diff --git a/security/keys/process_keys.c b/security/keys/process_keys.c
index b07f768d23dc..f74d64215942 100644
--- a/security/keys/process_keys.c
+++ b/security/keys/process_keys.c
@@ -19,15 +19,13 @@
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/init_task.h>
#include <keys/request_key_auth-type.h>
#include "internal.h"

/* Session keyring create vs join semaphore */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(key_session_mutex);

-/* User keyring creation semaphore */
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(key_user_keyring_mutex);
-
/* The root user's tracking struct */
struct key_user root_key_user = {
.usage = REFCOUNT_INIT(3),
@@ -39,98 +37,185 @@ struct key_user root_key_user = {
};

/*
- * Install the user and user session keyrings for the current process's UID.
+ * Get or create a user register keyring.
+ */
+static struct key *get_user_register(struct user_namespace *user_ns)
+{
+ struct key *reg_keyring = READ_ONCE(user_ns->user_keyring_register);
+
+ if (reg_keyring)
+ return reg_keyring;
+
+ down_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem);
+
+ /* Make sure there's a register keyring. It gets owned by the
+ * user_namespace's owner.
+ */
+ reg_keyring = user_ns->user_keyring_register;
+ if (!reg_keyring) {
+ reg_keyring = keyring_alloc(".user_reg",
+ user_ns->owner, INVALID_GID,
+ &init_cred,
+ KEY_POS_WRITE | KEY_POS_SEARCH |
+ KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ,
+ 0,
+ NULL, NULL);
+ if (!IS_ERR(reg_keyring))
+ smp_store_release(&user_ns->user_keyring_register,
+ reg_keyring);
+ }
+
+ up_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem);
+
+ /* We don't return a ref since the keyring is pinned by the user_ns */
+ return reg_keyring;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Look up the user and user session keyrings for the current process's UID,
+ * creating them if they don't exist.
*/
-int install_user_keyrings(void)
+int look_up_user_keyrings(struct key **_user_keyring,
+ struct key **_user_session_keyring)
{
- struct user_struct *user;
- const struct cred *cred;
- struct key *uid_keyring, *session_keyring;
+ const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
+ struct user_namespace *user_ns = current_user_ns();
+ struct key *reg_keyring, *uid_keyring, *session_keyring;
key_perm_t user_keyring_perm;
+ key_ref_t uid_keyring_r, session_keyring_r;
+ uid_t uid = from_kuid(user_ns, cred->user->uid);
char buf[20];
int ret;
- uid_t uid;

user_keyring_perm = (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) | KEY_USR_ALL;
- cred = current_cred();
- user = cred->user;
- uid = from_kuid(cred->user_ns, user->uid);

- kenter("%p{%u}", user, uid);
+ kenter("%u", uid);

- if (READ_ONCE(user->uid_keyring) && READ_ONCE(user->session_keyring)) {
- kleave(" = 0 [exist]");
- return 0;
- }
+ reg_keyring = get_user_register(user_ns);
+ if (IS_ERR(reg_keyring))
+ return PTR_ERR(reg_keyring);

- mutex_lock(&key_user_keyring_mutex);
+ down_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem);
ret = 0;

- if (!user->uid_keyring) {
- /* get the UID-specific keyring
- * - there may be one in existence already as it may have been
- * pinned by a session, but the user_struct pointing to it
- * may have been destroyed by setuid */
- sprintf(buf, "_uid.%u", uid);
-
- uid_keyring = find_keyring_by_name(buf, true);
+ /* Get the user keyring. Note that there may be one in existence
+ * already as it may have been pinned by a session, but the user_struct
+ * pointing to it may have been destroyed by setuid.
+ */
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_uid.%u", uid);
+ uid_keyring_r = keyring_search(make_key_ref(reg_keyring, true),
+ &key_type_keyring, buf, false);
+ kdebug("_uid %p", uid_keyring_r);
+ if (uid_keyring_r == ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN)) {
+ uid_keyring = keyring_alloc(buf, cred->user->uid, INVALID_GID,
+ cred, user_keyring_perm,
+ KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING |
+ KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA,
+ NULL, reg_keyring);
if (IS_ERR(uid_keyring)) {
- uid_keyring = keyring_alloc(buf, user->uid, INVALID_GID,
- cred, user_keyring_perm,
- KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING |
- KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA,
- NULL, NULL);
- if (IS_ERR(uid_keyring)) {
- ret = PTR_ERR(uid_keyring);
- goto error;
- }
+ ret = PTR_ERR(uid_keyring);
+ goto error;
}
+ } else if (IS_ERR(uid_keyring_r)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(uid_keyring_r);
+ goto error;
+ } else {
+ uid_keyring = key_ref_to_ptr(uid_keyring_r);
+ }

- /* get a default session keyring (which might also exist
- * already) */
- sprintf(buf, "_uid_ses.%u", uid);
-
- session_keyring = find_keyring_by_name(buf, true);
+ /* Get a default session keyring (which might also exist already) */
+ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_uid_ses.%u", uid);
+ session_keyring_r = keyring_search(make_key_ref(reg_keyring, true),
+ &key_type_keyring, buf, false);
+ kdebug("_uid_ses %p", session_keyring_r);
+ if (session_keyring_r == ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN)) {
+ session_keyring = keyring_alloc(buf, cred->user->uid, INVALID_GID,
+ cred, user_keyring_perm,
+ KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING |
+ KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA,
+ NULL, NULL);
if (IS_ERR(session_keyring)) {
- session_keyring =
- keyring_alloc(buf, user->uid, INVALID_GID,
- cred, user_keyring_perm,
- KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING |
- KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA,
- NULL, NULL);
- if (IS_ERR(session_keyring)) {
- ret = PTR_ERR(session_keyring);
- goto error_release;
- }
-
- /* we install a link from the user session keyring to
- * the user keyring */
- ret = key_link(session_keyring, uid_keyring);
- if (ret < 0)
- goto error_release_both;
+ ret = PTR_ERR(session_keyring);
+ goto error_release;
}

- /* install the keyrings */
- /* paired with READ_ONCE() */
- smp_store_release(&user->uid_keyring, uid_keyring);
- /* paired with READ_ONCE() */
- smp_store_release(&user->session_keyring, session_keyring);
+ /* We install a link from the user session keyring to
+ * the user keyring.
+ */
+ ret = key_link(session_keyring, uid_keyring);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_release_session;
+
+ /* And only then link the user-session keyring to the
+ * register.
+ */
+ ret = key_link(reg_keyring, session_keyring);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error_release_session;
+ } else if (IS_ERR(session_keyring_r)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(session_keyring_r);
+ goto error_release;
+ } else {
+ session_keyring = key_ref_to_ptr(session_keyring_r);
}

- mutex_unlock(&key_user_keyring_mutex);
+ up_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem);
+
+ if (_user_session_keyring)
+ *_user_session_keyring = session_keyring;
+ else
+ key_put(session_keyring);
+ if (_user_keyring)
+ *_user_keyring = uid_keyring;
+ else
+ key_put(uid_keyring);
kleave(" = 0");
return 0;

-error_release_both:
+error_release_session:
key_put(session_keyring);
error_release:
key_put(uid_keyring);
error:
- mutex_unlock(&key_user_keyring_mutex);
+ up_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem);
kleave(" = %d", ret);
return ret;
}

+/*
+ * Get the user session keyring if it exists, but don't create it if it
+ * doesn't.
+ */
+struct key *get_user_session_keyring_rcu(const struct cred *cred)
+{
+ struct key *reg_keyring = READ_ONCE(cred->user_ns->user_keyring_register);
+ key_ref_t session_keyring_r;
+ char buf[20];
+
+ struct keyring_search_context ctx = {
+ .index_key.type = &key_type_keyring,
+ .index_key.description = buf,
+ .cred = cred,
+ .match_data.cmp = key_default_cmp,
+ .match_data.raw_data = buf,
+ .match_data.lookup_type = KEYRING_SEARCH_LOOKUP_DIRECT,
+ .flags = KEYRING_SEARCH_DO_STATE_CHECK,
+ };
+
+ if (!reg_keyring)
+ return NULL;
+
+ ctx.index_key.desc_len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_uid_ses.%u",
+ from_kuid(cred->user_ns,
+ cred->user->uid));
+
+ session_keyring_r = keyring_search_rcu(make_key_ref(reg_keyring, true),
+ &ctx);
+ if (IS_ERR(session_keyring_r))
+ return NULL;
+ return key_ref_to_ptr(session_keyring_r);
+}
+
/*
* Install a thread keyring to the given credentials struct if it didn't have
* one already. This is allowed to overrun the quota.
@@ -340,6 +425,7 @@ void key_fsgid_changed(struct cred *new_cred)
*/
key_ref_t search_cred_keyrings_rcu(struct keyring_search_context *ctx)
{
+ struct key *user_session;
key_ref_t key_ref, ret, err;
const struct cred *cred = ctx->cred;

@@ -415,10 +501,11 @@ key_ref_t search_cred_keyrings_rcu(struct keyring_search_context *ctx)
}
}
/* or search the user-session keyring */
- else if (READ_ONCE(cred->user->session_keyring)) {
- key_ref = keyring_search_rcu(
- make_key_ref(READ_ONCE(cred->user->session_keyring), 1),
- ctx);
+ else if ((user_session = get_user_session_keyring_rcu(cred))) {
+ key_ref = keyring_search_rcu(make_key_ref(user_session, 1),
+ ctx);
+ key_put(user_session);
+
if (!IS_ERR(key_ref))
goto found;

@@ -535,7 +622,7 @@ key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long lflags,
KEYRING_SEARCH_RECURSE),
};
struct request_key_auth *rka;
- struct key *key;
+ struct key *key, *user_session;
key_ref_t key_ref, skey_ref;
int ret;

@@ -584,20 +671,20 @@ key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long lflags,
if (!ctx.cred->session_keyring) {
/* always install a session keyring upon access if one
* doesn't exist yet */
- ret = install_user_keyrings();
+ ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &user_session);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
if (lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_CREATE)
ret = join_session_keyring(NULL);
else
- ret = install_session_keyring(
- ctx.cred->user->session_keyring);
+ ret = install_session_keyring(user_session);

+ key_put(user_session);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
goto reget_creds;
- } else if (ctx.cred->session_keyring ==
- READ_ONCE(ctx.cred->user->session_keyring) &&
+ } else if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_UID_KEYRING,
+ &ctx.cred->session_keyring->flags) &&
lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_CREATE) {
ret = join_session_keyring(NULL);
if (ret < 0)
@@ -611,26 +698,16 @@ key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long lflags,
break;

case KEY_SPEC_USER_KEYRING:
- if (!READ_ONCE(ctx.cred->user->uid_keyring)) {
- ret = install_user_keyrings();
- if (ret < 0)
- goto error;
- }
-
- key = ctx.cred->user->uid_keyring;
- __key_get(key);
+ ret = look_up_user_keyrings(&key, NULL);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error;
key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1);
break;

case KEY_SPEC_USER_SESSION_KEYRING:
- if (!READ_ONCE(ctx.cred->user->session_keyring)) {
- ret = install_user_keyrings();
- if (ret < 0)
- goto error;
- }
-
- key = ctx.cred->user->session_keyring;
- __key_get(key);
+ ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &key);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error;
key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1);
break;

@@ -879,7 +956,7 @@ void key_change_session_keyring(struct callback_head *twork)
*/
static int __init init_root_keyring(void)
{
- return install_user_keyrings();
+ return look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, NULL);
}

late_initcall(init_root_keyring);
diff --git a/security/keys/request_key.c b/security/keys/request_key.c
index 1ffd3803ce29..9201ca96c4df 100644
--- a/security/keys/request_key.c
+++ b/security/keys/request_key.c
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ static int call_sbin_request_key(struct key *authkey, void *aux)
struct request_key_auth *rka = get_request_key_auth(authkey);
const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
key_serial_t prkey, sskey;
- struct key *key = rka->target_key, *keyring, *session;
+ struct key *key = rka->target_key, *keyring, *session, *user_session;
char *argv[9], *envp[3], uid_str[12], gid_str[12];
char key_str[12], keyring_str[3][12];
char desc[20];
@@ -129,9 +129,9 @@ static int call_sbin_request_key(struct key *authkey, void *aux)

kenter("{%d},{%d},%s", key->serial, authkey->serial, rka->op);

- ret = install_user_keyrings();
+ ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &user_session);
if (ret < 0)
- goto error_alloc;
+ goto error_us;

/* allocate a new session keyring */
sprintf(desc, "_req.%u", key->serial);
@@ -169,7 +169,7 @@ static int call_sbin_request_key(struct key *authkey, void *aux)

session = cred->session_keyring;
if (!session)
- session = cred->user->session_keyring;
+ session = user_session;
sskey = session->serial;

sprintf(keyring_str[2], "%d", sskey);
@@ -211,6 +211,8 @@ static int call_sbin_request_key(struct key *authkey, void *aux)
key_put(keyring);

error_alloc:
+ key_put(user_session);
+error_us:
complete_request_key(authkey, ret);
kleave(" = %d", ret);
return ret;
@@ -317,13 +319,15 @@ static int construct_get_dest_keyring(struct key **_dest_keyring)

/* fall through */
case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_USER_SESSION_KEYRING:
- dest_keyring =
- key_get(READ_ONCE(cred->user->session_keyring));
+ ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &dest_keyring);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
break;

case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_USER_KEYRING:
- dest_keyring =
- key_get(READ_ONCE(cred->user->uid_keyring));
+ ret = look_up_user_keyrings(&dest_keyring, NULL);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
break;

case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_GROUP_KEYRING:
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