lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jun]   [19]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 1/4] PCI: Consider alignment of hot-added bridges when distributing available resources
Date
This time I am using reply-all "group=g" in Mutt instead of reply 
"reply=r". It looks like I have been doing this incorrectly for a while
now. At least I have found out that git send-email uses terrible
encoding and adds the patch as an attachment, so things might start to
look up.

I copied the body of my previous reply into this reply so below the
line, it should be exactly the same. I thank Bjorn for his patience
here.
_______________________________________________________________________________


In addition to my responses to your concerns below, I would like to make
an initial clarification: does the fact that you have not replied to
patches 3 and 4 in the series indicate that you are happy with them, or
have not looked at them yet?

On Sat, Jun 15, 2019 at 02:56:36PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> Mika, this patch changes code you added in 1a5767725cec ("PCI:
> Distribute available resources to hotplug-capable bridges"). Is there
> any chance you could help review this?
>
> On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 02:30:44PM +0000, Nicholas Johnson wrote:
> > Rewrite pci_bus_distribute_available_resources to better handle bridges
> > with different resource alignment requirements. Pass more details
> > arguments recursively to track the resource start and end addresses
> > relative to the initial hotplug bridge. This is especially useful for
> > Thunderbolt with native PCI enumeration, enabling external graphics
> > cards and other devices with bridge alignment higher than 0x100000
> > bytes.
> >
> > Change extend_bridge_window to resize the actual resource, rather than
> > using add_list and dev_res->add_size. If an additional resource entry
> > exists for the given resource, zero out the add_size field to avoid it
> > interfering. Because add_size is considered optional when allocating,
> > using add_size could cause issues in some cases, because successful
> > resource distribution requires sizes to be guaranteed. Such cases
> > include hot-adding nested hotplug bridges in one enumeration, and
> > potentially others which are yet to be encountered.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Nicholas Johnson <nicholas.johnson-opensource@outlook.com.au>
> > ---
> > drivers/pci/setup-bus.c | 169 ++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
> > 1 file changed, 84 insertions(+), 85 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> > index 0cdd5ff38..1b5b851ca 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> > @@ -1835,12 +1835,10 @@ static void extend_bridge_window(struct pci_dev *bridge, struct resource *res,
> > }
> >
> > static void pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(struct pci_bus *bus,
> > - struct list_head *add_list,
> > - resource_size_t available_io,
> > - resource_size_t available_mmio,
> > - resource_size_t available_mmio_pref)
> > + struct list_head *add_list, struct resource io,
> > + struct resource mmio, struct resource mmio_pref)
>
> Follow the parameter indentation style of the rest of the file.
I will look at this. I will admit that handling line overflows has been
tricky for me to get a handle on.

>
> > {
> > - resource_size_t remaining_io, remaining_mmio, remaining_mmio_pref;
> > + resource_size_t io_per_hp, mmio_per_hp, mmio_pref_per_hp, align;
> > unsigned int normal_bridges = 0, hotplug_bridges = 0;
> > struct resource *io_res, *mmio_res, *mmio_pref_res;
> > struct pci_dev *dev, *bridge = bus->self;
> > @@ -1850,29 +1848,36 @@ static void pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(struct pci_bus *bus,
> > mmio_pref_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 2];
> >
> > /*
> > - * Update additional resource list (add_list) to fill all the
> > - * extra resource space available for this port except the space
> > - * calculated in __pci_bus_size_bridges() which covers all the
> > - * devices currently connected to the port and below.
> > + * The alignment of this bridge is yet to be considered, hence it must
> > + * be done now before extending its bridge window. A single bridge
> > + * might not be able to occupy the whole parent region if the alignment
> > + * differs - for example, an external GPU at the end of a Thunderbolt
> > + * daisy chain.
>
> The example seems needlessly specific. There isn't anything GPU- or
> Thunderbolt-specific about this, is there?
>
> Bridge windows can be aligned to any multiple of 1MB. But a device
> BAR must be aligned on its size, so any BAR larger than 1MB should be
> able to cause this, e.g.,
>
> [mem 0x100000-0x3fffff] (bridge A 3MB window)
> [mem 0x200000-0x3fffff] (bridge B 2MB window)
> [mem 0x200000-0x3fffff] (device 2MB BAR)
>
> Bridge B *could* occupy the the entire 3MB parent region, but it
> doesn't need to. But you say it "might not be *able* to", so maybe
> you're thinking of something different?
Under some circumstances it may be possible to occupy the entire region,
but not always. If the start address of the entire parent region is not
aligned to the boundary required by the child then the start address of
the child needs to be bumped up to the next boundary, leaving some
unused space. In Mika's take on this, he suggested that I just remove
this comment. I agreed. Does this solve the issue in your mind?

>
> > - extend_bridge_window(bridge, io_res, add_list, available_io);
> > - extend_bridge_window(bridge, mmio_res, add_list, available_mmio);
> > - extend_bridge_window(bridge, mmio_pref_res, add_list,
> > - available_mmio_pref);
> > + align = pci_resource_alignment(bridge, io_res);
> > + if (!io_res->parent && align)
> > + io.start = ALIGN(io.start, align);
> > +
> > + align = pci_resource_alignment(bridge, mmio_res);
> > + if (!mmio_res->parent && align)
> > + mmio.start = ALIGN(mmio.start, align);
> > +
> > + align = pci_resource_alignment(bridge, mmio_pref_res);
> > + if (!mmio_pref_res->parent && align)
> > + mmio_pref.start = ALIGN(mmio_pref.start, align);
> >
> > /*
> > - * Calculate the total amount of extra resource space we can
> > - * pass to bridges below this one. This is basically the
> > - * extra space reduced by the minimal required space for the
> > - * non-hotplug bridges.
> > + * Update the resources to fill as much remaining resource space in the
> > + * parent bridge as possible, while considering alignment.
> > */
> > - remaining_io = available_io;
> > - remaining_mmio = available_mmio;
> > - remaining_mmio_pref = available_mmio_pref;
> > + extend_bridge_window(bridge, io_res, add_list, resource_size(&io));
> > + extend_bridge_window(bridge, mmio_res, add_list, resource_size(&mmio));
> > + extend_bridge_window(bridge, mmio_pref_res, add_list,
> > + resource_size(&mmio_pref));
> >
> > /*
> > * Calculate how many hotplug bridges and normal bridges there
> > - * are on this bus. We will distribute the additional available
> > + * are on this bus. We will distribute the additional available
>
> This whitespace change is pointless and distracting.
Okay. I will read this as "remove it".

>
> > * resources between hotplug bridges.
> > */
> > for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
> > @@ -1882,104 +1887,98 @@ static void pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(struct pci_bus *bus,
> > normal_bridges++;
> > }
> >
> > + /*
> > + * There is only one bridge on the bus so it gets all possible
> > + * resources which it can then distribute to the possible
> > + * hotplug bridges below.
> > + */
> > + if (hotplug_bridges + normal_bridges == 1) {
> > + dev = list_first_entry(&bus->devices, struct pci_dev, bus_list);
> > + if (dev->subordinate)
> > + pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(dev->subordinate,
> > + add_list, io, mmio, mmio_pref);
> > + return;
> > + }
>
> Moving this "single bridge" case up makes sense, and I think it could
> be done by a separate patch preceding this one. Mika, I remember some
> discussion about this case, but I can't remember if there's some
> reason you didn't do this initially.
>
> The current code is:
>
> for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus)
> # compute hotplug_bridges, normal_bridges
>
> for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus)
> # compute remaining_io, etc
>
> if (hotplug_bridges + normal_bridges == 1)
> # handle single bridge case
>
> for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus)
> # use remaining_io, etc here
>
> AFAICT the single bridge case has no dependency on the remaining_io
> computation.
If you want another patch then please explicitly request it with how you
want it to be done. In the past I have misinterpreted some of your
requests as suggestions, and other times have gone off with a
misinterpretation and produced undesirable patches. I want to be sure
this time.

My take on this is that although the patch is based on the skeleton of
Mika's existing functions, it is not a minor change, which does not
leave a lot of lines the same. So re-ordering the existing code in a
preliminary patch may not reduce the number of diff lines in this.

Regardless, I will happily make the change if asked, but I will need a
request with little room for misinterpretation.

My current interpretation is to make a preliminary patch that does
nothing except move the single bridge loop up one.

>
> > + /*
> > + * Reduce the available resource space by what the
> > + * bridge and devices below it occupy.
> > + */
> > for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
> > - const struct resource *res;
> > + struct resource *res;
> > + resource_size_t used_size;
> >
> > if (dev->is_hotplug_bridge)
> > continue;
> >
> > - /*
> > - * Reduce the available resource space by what the
> > - * bridge and devices below it occupy.
> > - */
> > res = &dev->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 0];
> > - if (!res->parent && available_io > resource_size(res))
> > - remaining_io -= resource_size(res);
> > + align = pci_resource_alignment(dev, res);
> > + align = align ? ALIGN(io.start, align) - io.start : 0;
> > + used_size = align + resource_size(res);
> > + if (!res->parent && used_size <= resource_size(&io))
> > + io.start += used_size;
> >
> > res = &dev->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 1];
> > - if (!res->parent && available_mmio > resource_size(res))
> > - remaining_mmio -= resource_size(res);
> > + align = pci_resource_alignment(dev, res);
> > + align = align ? ALIGN(mmio.start, align) - mmio.start : 0;
> > + used_size = align + resource_size(res);
> > + if (!res->parent && used_size <= resource_size(&mmio))
> > + mmio.start += used_size;
> >
> > res = &dev->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 2];
> > - if (!res->parent && available_mmio_pref > resource_size(res))
> > - remaining_mmio_pref -= resource_size(res);
> > + align = pci_resource_alignment(dev, res);
> > + align = align ? ALIGN(mmio_pref.start, align) -
> > + mmio_pref.start : 0;
> > + used_size = align + resource_size(res);
> > + if (!res->parent && used_size <= resource_size(&mmio_pref))
> > + mmio_pref.start += used_size;
> > }
> >
> > - /*
> > - * There is only one bridge on the bus so it gets all available
> > - * resources which it can then distribute to the possible hotplug
> > - * bridges below.
> > - */
> > - if (hotplug_bridges + normal_bridges == 1) {
> > - dev = list_first_entry(&bus->devices, struct pci_dev, bus_list);
> > - if (dev->subordinate) {
> > - pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(dev->subordinate,
> > - add_list, available_io, available_mmio,
> > - available_mmio_pref);
> > - }
> > + if (!hotplug_bridges)
> > return;
>
> I like the addition of this early return when there are no hotplug
> bridges. The following loop is a no-op if there are no hotplug
> bridges, so it doesn't *fix* anything, but it does make it more
> obvious that we don't even have to bother with the loop at all, and
> it makes the "Here hotplug_bridges is always != 0" comment
> unnecessary.
It fixes the division by zero on the next line of code, but I love to
shoot two birds with one stone. Moving the div64_ul calls out of the
loop is the price for the simplification of the loop.

>
> I think this could be done in a separate patch before this one, too.
> Anything we can do to simplify these patches is a win because the code
> is so complicated.
Again, please provide guidance on what exactly you wish to be separated,
and whether the patch should be before or after the other preliminary
patch to move the loop up by one.

My initial interpretation is that you want me to add the following in
Mika's code before his equivalent loop as a two line patch:

if (!hotplug_bridges)
return;

Should I take out the following comment at the same time?
"Here hotplug_bridges is always != 0."

>
> > /*
> > - * Go over devices on this bus and distribute the remaining
> > - * resource space between hotplug bridges.
> > + * Distribute any remaining resources equally between
> > + * the hotplug-capable downstream ports.
> > */
> > - for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
> > - resource_size_t align, io, mmio, mmio_pref;
> > - struct pci_bus *b;
> > + io_per_hp = div64_ul(resource_size(&io), hotplug_bridges);
> > + mmio_per_hp = div64_ul(resource_size(&mmio), hotplug_bridges);
> > + mmio_pref_per_hp = div64_ul(resource_size(&mmio_pref),
> > + hotplug_bridges);
> >
> > - b = dev->subordinate;
> > - if (!b || !dev->is_hotplug_bridge)
> > + for_each_pci_bridge(dev, bus) {
> > + if (!dev->subordinate || !dev->is_hotplug_bridge)
> > continue;
> >
> > - /*
> > - * Distribute available extra resources equally between
> > - * hotplug-capable downstream ports taking alignment into
> > - * account.
> > - *
> > - * Here hotplug_bridges is always != 0.
> > - */
> > - align = pci_resource_alignment(bridge, io_res);
> > - io = div64_ul(available_io, hotplug_bridges);
> > - io = min(ALIGN(io, align), remaining_io);
> > - remaining_io -= io;
> > -
> > - align = pci_resource_alignment(bridge, mmio_res);
> > - mmio = div64_ul(available_mmio, hotplug_bridges);
> > - mmio = min(ALIGN(mmio, align), remaining_mmio);
> > - remaining_mmio -= mmio;
> > + io.end = io.start + io_per_hp - 1;
> > + mmio.end = mmio.start + mmio_per_hp - 1;
> > + mmio_pref.end = mmio_pref.start + mmio_pref_per_hp - 1;
> >
> > - align = pci_resource_alignment(bridge, mmio_pref_res);
> > - mmio_pref = div64_ul(available_mmio_pref, hotplug_bridges);
> > - mmio_pref = min(ALIGN(mmio_pref, align), remaining_mmio_pref);
> > - remaining_mmio_pref -= mmio_pref;
> > + pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(dev->subordinate,
> > + add_list, io, mmio, mmio_pref);
> >
> > - pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(b, add_list, io, mmio,
> > - mmio_pref);
> > + io.start = io.end + 1;
> > + mmio.start = mmio.end + 1;
> > + mmio_pref.start = mmio_pref.end + 1;
> > }
>
> I like the simplification of this loop.
Thanks.

>
> > }
> >
> > static void pci_bridge_distribute_available_resources(struct pci_dev *bridge,
> > struct list_head *add_list)
> > {
> > - resource_size_t available_io, available_mmio, available_mmio_pref;
> > - const struct resource *res;
> > + struct resource io_res, mmio_res, mmio_pref_res;
> >
> > if (!bridge->is_hotplug_bridge)
> > return;
> >
> > + io_res = bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 0];
> > + mmio_res = bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 1];
> > + mmio_pref_res = bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 2];
> > +
> > /* Take the initial extra resources from the hotplug port */
> > - res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 0];
> > - available_io = resource_size(res);
> > - res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 1];
> > - available_mmio = resource_size(res);
> > - res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES + 2];
> > - available_mmio_pref = resource_size(res);
> >
> > pci_bus_distribute_available_resources(bridge->subordinate,
> > - add_list, available_io,
> > - available_mmio,
> > - available_mmio_pref);
> > + add_list, io_res, mmio_res, mmio_pref_res);
> > }
> >
> > void pci_assign_unassigned_bridge_resources(struct pci_dev *bridge)
> > --
> > 2.20.1
> >

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-06-19 15:41    [W:0.073 / U:2.428 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site