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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/1] cpuidle-powernv : forced wakeup for stop states
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Hi Nick,

Thanks for the review. Some replies below.

On 06/19/2019 09:53 AM, Nicholas Piggin wrote:
> Abhishek Goel's on June 17, 2019 7:56 pm:
>> Currently, the cpuidle governors determine what idle state a idling CPU
>> should enter into based on heuristics that depend on the idle history on
>> that CPU. Given that no predictive heuristic is perfect, there are cases
>> where the governor predicts a shallow idle state, hoping that the CPU will
>> be busy soon. However, if no new workload is scheduled on that CPU in the
>> near future, the CPU may end up in the shallow state.
>>
>> This is problematic, when the predicted state in the aforementioned
>> scenario is a shallow stop state on a tickless system. As we might get
>> stuck into shallow states for hours, in absence of ticks or interrupts.
>>
>> To address this, We forcefully wakeup the cpu by setting the
>> decrementer. The decrementer is set to a value that corresponds with the
>> residency of the next available state. Thus firing up a timer that will
>> forcefully wakeup the cpu. Few such iterations will essentially train the
>> governor to select a deeper state for that cpu, as the timer here
>> corresponds to the next available cpuidle state residency. Thus, cpu will
>> eventually end up in the deepest possible state.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Abhishek Goel <huntbag@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>> ---
>>
>> Auto-promotion
>> v1 : started as auto promotion logic for cpuidle states in generic
>> driver
>> v2 : Removed timeout_needed and rebased the code to upstream kernel
>> Forced-wakeup
>> v1 : New patch with name of forced wakeup started
>> v2 : Extending the forced wakeup logic for all states. Setting the
>> decrementer instead of queuing up a hrtimer to implement the logic.
>>
>> drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 1 file changed, 38 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c
>> index 84b1ebe212b3..bc9ca18ae7e3 100644
>> --- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c
>> +++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-powernv.c
>> @@ -46,6 +46,26 @@ static struct stop_psscr_table stop_psscr_table[CPUIDLE_STATE_MAX] __read_mostly
>> static u64 default_snooze_timeout __read_mostly;
>> static bool snooze_timeout_en __read_mostly;
>>
>> +static u64 forced_wakeup_timeout(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
>> + struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
>> + int index)
>> +{
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + for (i = index + 1; i < drv->state_count; i++) {
>> + struct cpuidle_state *s = &drv->states[i];
>> + struct cpuidle_state_usage *su = &dev->states_usage[i];
>> +
>> + if (s->disabled || su->disable)
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + return (s->target_residency + 2 * s->exit_latency) *
>> + tb_ticks_per_usec;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
> It would be nice to not have this kind of loop iteration in the
> idle fast path. Can we add a flag or something to the idle state?
Currently, we do not have any callback notification or some feedback that
notifies the driver everytime some state is enabled/disabled. So we have
to parse everytime to get the next enabled state. Are you suggesting to
add something like next_enabled_state in cpuidle state structure itself
which will be updated when a state is enabled or disabled?
>> +
>> static u64 get_snooze_timeout(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
>> struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
>> int index)
>> @@ -144,8 +164,26 @@ static int stop_loop(struct cpuidle_device *dev,
>> struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
>> int index)
>> {
>> + u64 dec_expiry_tb, dec, timeout_tb, forced_wakeup;
>> +
>> + dec = mfspr(SPRN_DEC);
>> + timeout_tb = forced_wakeup_timeout(dev, drv, index);
>> + forced_wakeup = 0;
>> +
>> + if (timeout_tb && timeout_tb < dec) {
>> + forced_wakeup = 1;
>> + dec_expiry_tb = mftb() + dec;
>> + }
> The compiler probably can't optimise away the SPR manipulations so try
> to avoid them if possible.
Are you suggesting something like set_dec_before_idle?(in line with
what you have suggested to do after idle, reset_dec_after_idle)
>
>> +
>> + if (forced_wakeup)
>> + mtspr(SPRN_DEC, timeout_tb);
> This should just be put in the above 'if'.
Fair point.
>
>> +
>> power9_idle_type(stop_psscr_table[index].val,
>> stop_psscr_table[index].mask);
>> +
>> + if (forced_wakeup)
>> + mtspr(SPRN_DEC, dec_expiry_tb - mftb());
> This will sometimes go negative and result in another timer interrupt.
>
> It also breaks irq work (which can be set here by machine check I
> believe.
>
> May need to implement some timer code to do this for you.
>
> static void reset_dec_after_idle(void)
> {
> u64 now;
> u64 *next_tb;
>
> if (test_irq_work_pending())
> return;
> now = mftb;
> next_tb = this_cpu_ptr(&decrementers_next_tb);
>
> if (now >= *next_tb)
> return;
> set_dec(*next_tb - now);
> if (test_irq_work_pending())
> set_dec(1);
> }
>
> Something vaguely like that. See timer_interrupt().
Ah, Okay. Will go through timer_interrupt().
> Thanks,
> Nick
Thanks,
Abhishek

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