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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] scsi_host: add support for request batching
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On 5/30/19 1:28 PM, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> This allows a list of requests to be issued, with the LLD only writing
> the hardware doorbell when necessary, after the last request was prepared.
> This is more efficient if we have lists of requests to issue, particularly
> on virtualized hardware, where writing the doorbell is more expensive than
> on real hardware.
>
> The use case for this is plugged IO, where blk-mq flushes a batch of
> requests all at once.
>
> The API is the same as for blk-mq, just with blk-mq concepts tweaked to
> fit the SCSI subsystem API: the "last" flag in blk_mq_queue_data becomes
> a flag in scsi_cmnd, while the queue_num in the commit_rqs callback is
> extracted from the hctx and passed as a parameter.
>
> The only complication is that blk-mq uses different plugging heuristics
> depending on whether commit_rqs is present or not. So we have two
> different sets of blk_mq_ops and pick one depending on whether the
> scsi_host template uses commit_rqs or not.
>
> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> ---
> drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h | 1 +
> include/scsi/scsi_host.h | 16 ++++++++++++++--
> 3 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
> index 601b9f1de267..eb4e67d02bfe 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
> @@ -1673,10 +1673,11 @@ static blk_status_t scsi_queue_rq(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
> blk_mq_start_request(req);
> }
>
> + cmd->flags &= SCMD_PRESERVED_FLAGS;
> if (sdev->simple_tags)
> cmd->flags |= SCMD_TAGGED;
> - else
> - cmd->flags &= ~SCMD_TAGGED;
> + if (bd->last)
> + cmd->flags |= SCMD_LAST;
>
> scsi_init_cmd_errh(cmd);
> cmd->scsi_done = scsi_mq_done;
> @@ -1807,10 +1808,37 @@ void __scsi_init_queue(struct Scsi_Host *shost, struct request_queue *q)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__scsi_init_queue);
>
> +static const struct blk_mq_ops scsi_mq_ops_no_commit = {
> + .get_budget = scsi_mq_get_budget,
> + .put_budget = scsi_mq_put_budget,
> + .queue_rq = scsi_queue_rq,
> + .complete = scsi_softirq_done,
> + .timeout = scsi_timeout,
> +#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS
> + .show_rq = scsi_show_rq,
> +#endif
> + .init_request = scsi_mq_init_request,
> + .exit_request = scsi_mq_exit_request,
> + .initialize_rq_fn = scsi_initialize_rq,
> + .busy = scsi_mq_lld_busy,
> + .map_queues = scsi_map_queues,
> +};
> +
> +
> +static void scsi_commit_rqs(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
> +{
> + struct request_queue *q = hctx->queue;
> + struct scsi_device *sdev = q->queuedata;
> + struct Scsi_Host *shost = sdev->host;
> +
> + shost->hostt->commit_rqs(shost, hctx->queue_num);
> +}
> +
> static const struct blk_mq_ops scsi_mq_ops = {
> .get_budget = scsi_mq_get_budget,
> .put_budget = scsi_mq_put_budget,
> .queue_rq = scsi_queue_rq,
> + .commit_rqs = scsi_commit_rqs,
> .complete = scsi_softirq_done,
> .timeout = scsi_timeout,
> #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEBUG_FS
> @@ -1845,7 +1873,10 @@ int scsi_mq_setup_tags(struct Scsi_Host *shost)
> cmd_size += sizeof(struct scsi_data_buffer) + sgl_size;
>
> memset(&shost->tag_set, 0, sizeof(shost->tag_set));
> - shost->tag_set.ops = &scsi_mq_ops;
> + if (shost->hostt->commit_rqs)
> + shost->tag_set.ops = &scsi_mq_ops;
> + else
> + shost->tag_set.ops = &scsi_mq_ops_no_commit;
> shost->tag_set.nr_hw_queues = shost->nr_hw_queues ? : 1;
> shost->tag_set.queue_depth = shost->can_queue;
> shost->tag_set.cmd_size = cmd_size;
> diff --git a/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h b/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h
> index 76ed5e4acd38..91bd749a02f7 100644
> --- a/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h
> +++ b/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h
> @@ -57,6 +57,7 @@ struct scsi_pointer {
> #define SCMD_TAGGED (1 << 0)
> #define SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA (1 << 1)
> #define SCMD_INITIALIZED (1 << 2)
> +#define SCMD_LAST (1 << 3)
> /* flags preserved across unprep / reprep */
> #define SCMD_PRESERVED_FLAGS (SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA | SCMD_INITIALIZED)
>
> diff --git a/include/scsi/scsi_host.h b/include/scsi/scsi_host.h
> index 2b539a1b3f62..28f1c9177cd2 100644
> --- a/include/scsi/scsi_host.h
> +++ b/include/scsi/scsi_host.h
> @@ -80,8 +80,10 @@ struct scsi_host_template {
> * command block to the LLDD. When the driver finished
> * processing the command the done callback is invoked.
> *
> - * If queuecommand returns 0, then the HBA has accepted the
> - * command. The done() function must be called on the command
> + * If queuecommand returns 0, then the driver has accepted the
> + * command. It must also push it to the HBA if the scsi_cmnd
> + * flag SCMD_LAST is set, or if the driver does not implement
> + * commit_rqs. The done() function must be called on the command
> * when the driver has finished with it. (you may call done on the
> * command before queuecommand returns, but in this case you
> * *must* return 0 from queuecommand).
> @@ -109,6 +111,16 @@ struct scsi_host_template {
> */
> int (* queuecommand)(struct Scsi_Host *, struct scsi_cmnd *);
>
> + /*
> + * The commit_rqs function is used to trigger a hardware
> + * doorbell after some requests have been queued with
> + * queuecommand, when an error is encountered before sending
> + * the request with SCMD_LAST set.
> + *
> + * STATUS: OPTIONAL
> + */
> + void (*commit_rqs)(struct Scsi_Host *, u16);
> +
> /*
> * This is an error handling strategy routine. You don't need to
> * define one of these if you don't want to - there is a default
>
I'm a bit unsure if 'bd->last' is always set; it's quite obvious that
it's present if set, but what about requests with 'bd->last == false' ?
Is there a guarantee that they will _always_ be followed with a request
with bd->last == true?
And if so, is there a guarantee that this request is part of the same batch?

Aside from it: I think it's a good idea to match the '->last' setting
onto the SCMD_LAST flag; I would even go so far and make this an
independent patch.

Once to above points are cleared, that is.

But if that one is in, why do we need to have the separate 'commit_rqs'
callback?
Can't we let the driver decide to issue a doorbell kick (or whatever the
driver decides to do there)?
If we ensure that the SCMD_LAST flag is always set for the end of a
batch (even if this batch consists only of one request), the driver
simply can evaluate the flag and do its actions.
Why do we need a new callback here?

Cheers,

Hannes
--
Dr. Hannes Reinecke Teamlead Storage & Networking
hare@suse.de +49 911 74053 688
SUSE LINUX GmbH, Maxfeldstr. 5, 90409 Nürnberg
GF: Felix Imendörffer, Mary Higgins, Sri Rasiah
HRB 21284 (AG Nürnberg)

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