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SubjectRe: 5.2-rc2: low framerate in flightgear, cpu not running at full speed, thermal related?
On Thu, Jun 13, 2019 at 10:12 AM Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> wrote:
>
> Hi!
>
> > On 2019.06.12 14:25 Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 4:45 AM Doug Smythies <dsmythies@telus.net> wrote:
> > >>
> > >> So, currently there seems to be 3 issues in this thread
> > >> (and I am guessing a little, without definitive data):
> > >>
> > >> 1.) On your system Kernel 5.4-rc2 (or 4) defaults to the intel_pstate CPU frequency
> > >> scaling driver and the powersave governor, but kernel 4.6 defaults to the
> > >> acpi-cpufreq CPU frequency scaling driver and the ondemand governor.
> > >
> > > Which means that intel_pstate works in the active mode by default and
> > > so it uses its internal governor.
> >
> > Note sure what you mean by "internal governor"?
> > If you meant HWP (Hardware P-state), Pavel's processor doesn't have it.
> > If you meant the active powersave governor code within the driver, then agreed.
> >
> > > That governor is more performance-oriented than ondemand and it very
> > > well may cause more power to be allocated for the processor - at the
> > > expense of the GPU.
> >
> > O.K. I mainly use servers and so have no experience with possible GPU
> > verses CPU tradeoffs.
> >
> > However, I did re-do my tests measuring energy instead of CPU frequency
> > and found very little difference between the acpi-cpufreq/ondemand verses
> > intel_pstate/powersave as a function of single threaded load. Actually,
> > I did the test twice, one at 20 hertz work/sleep frequency and also
> > at 67 hertz work/sleep frequency. (Of course, Pavel's processor might
> > well have a different curve, but it is a similar vintage to mine
> > i5-2520M verses i7-2600K.) The worst difference was approximately
> > 1.1 extra processor package watts (an extra 5.5%) in the 80% to 85%
> > single threaded load range at 67 hertz work/sleep frequency for
> > the intel-pstate/powersave driver/governor.
> >
> > What am I saying? For a fixed amount of work to do per work/sleep cycle
> > (i.e. maybe per video frame related type work) while the CPU frequency Verses load
> > curves might differ, the resulting processor energy curve differs much less.
> > (i.e. the extra power for higher CPU frequency is for less time because it gets
> > the job done faster.) So, myself, I don't yet understand why only the one method
> > would have hit thermal throttling, but not the other (if indeed it
> > doesn't).
>
> It seems there are serious differences in reporting :-(. How do I
> determine which frequency CPU really runs at, in 4.6 kernel?

With that kernel (and the acpi-cpufreq driver) the only way is to run
your workload under turbostat.

> But it seems that your assumptions are incorrect for my workload.
>
> flightgear is single-threaded, and in my configuration saturates the
> CPU, because it would like to achieve higher framerate than my system
> is capable of.
>
> > Just for information: CPU frequency verses single threaded load curves
> > for the conservative governor is quite different between the two drivers.
> > (tests done in February, perhaps I should re-do and also look at energy
> > at the same time, or instead of CPU frequency.)
>
> So this might be my problem?

Not really, because you don't use the conservative governor. :-)

Generally, I agree with Doug that CPU performance scaling is unlikely
to be the source of the symptom that you are observing.

Anyway, if you did what I had said previously (ie. run intel_pstate in
the passive mode and use ondemand as the governor) and still see
reduced frame rate (with respect to 4.6), that would basically rule
CPU performance scaling out.

Cheers!

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