lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jun]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH V4 6/6] i2c: tegra: remove BUG, BUG_ON
From
Date


On 6/11/19 4:34 AM, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
> 11.06.2019 10:38, Bitan Biswas пишет:
>>
>>
>> On 6/10/19 2:00 PM, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
>>> 10.06.2019 22:41, Bitan Biswas пишет:
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On 6/10/19 11:12 AM, Dmitry Osipenko wrote:
>>>>> 10.06.2019 20:08, Bitan Biswas пишет:
>>>>>> Remove redundant BUG_ON calls or replace with WARN_ON_ONCE
>>>>>> as needed. Remove BUG() and make Rx and Tx case handling
>>>>>> similar.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Bitan Biswas <bbiswas@nvidia.com>
>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>    drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c | 11 ++++++-----
>>>>>>    1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>>>>>
>>>>> Looks that this is still not correct. What if it transfer-complete flag
>>>>> is set and buffer is full on RX? In this case the transfer will succeed
>>>>> while it was a failure.
>>>>>
>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
>>>>>> b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
>>>>>> index 4dfb4c1..30619d6 100644
>>>>>> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c
>>>>>> @@ -515,7 +515,6 @@ static int tegra_i2c_empty_rx_fifo(struct
>>>>>> tegra_i2c_dev *i2c_dev)
>>>>>>         * prevent overwriting past the end of buf
>>>>>>         */
>>>>>>        if (rx_fifo_avail > 0 && buf_remaining > 0) {
>>>>>> -        BUG_ON(buf_remaining > 3);
>>>>>
>>>>> Actually error should be returned here since out-of-bounds memory
>>>>> accesses must be avoided, hence:
>>>>>
>>>>>      if (WARN_ON_ONCE(buf_remaining > 3))
>>>>>          return -EINVAL;
>>>> buf_remaining will be less than equal to 3 because of the expression
>>>> earlier
>>>> https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.2-rc4/source/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c#L520
>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>> Ah yes, indeed!
>>>
>> I see that I am wrong and buf_remaining > 3 needs to be prevented at
>>
>> https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.2-rc4/source/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c#L528
>>
>>
>> because of word_to_transfer is limited to rx_fifo_avail:
>>
>> https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.2-rc4/source/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c#L515
>>
>>
>> I shall add the check for less than 3 in both RX and TX cases in a
>> separate patch in this series.
>
> When word_to_transfer is more than rx_fifo_avail, then the rx_fifo_avail
> becomes zero and hence the nibbles won't be copied. Please take a closer
> look, the current code is correct, but the buf_remaining > 3 is unneeded
> because it can't ever happen.
>
> The code is structured the way that it's difficult to follow, apparently
> the person who added the BUG_ON check in the first place couldn't follow
> it either. Maybe it's worth to invest some more effort into refactoring
> at least that part of the code. At minimum a clarifying comments would
> be helpful.
>
I shall try to add some comments near the BUG_ON check.

> [snip]
>
>>>>> Then here:
>>>>>
>>>>>      if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!i2c_dev->msg_buf_remaining) ||
>>>>>          tegra_i2c_empty_rx_fifo(i2c_dev)) {
>>>>>          i2c_dev->msg_err |= I2C_ERR_UNKNOWN_INTERRUPT;
>>>>>          goto err;
>>>>>      }
>>>>>
>>>> Can you please elaborate why the condition needs to be as follows
>>>> instead of " if (WARN_ON_ONCE(i2c_dev->msg_buf_remaining)) " ?
>>>>
>>>>>       if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!i2c_dev->msg_buf_remaining) ||
>>>>>           tegra_i2c_empty_rx_fifo(i2c_dev)) {
>>>
>>> Because this is a "receive" transfer and hence it is a error condition
>>> if the data-message was already fully received and then there is another
>>> request from hardware to receive more data. So
>>> "!i2c_dev->msg_buf_remaining" is the error condition here because there
>>> is no more space in the buffer.
>>>
>>> Looking at this again, seems checking for "if
>>> (WARN_ON_ONCE(rx_fifo_avail))" in the above hunk [1] will be already
>>> enough since a not fully drained RX FIFO means that there is no enough
>>> space in the buffer. Then it could be:
>>>
>>>          if (tegra_i2c_empty_rx_fifo(i2c_dev)) {
>>>                  i2c_dev->msg_err |= I2C_ERR_UNKNOWN_INTERRUPT;
>>>                  goto err;
>>>     }
>>>
>> In the case "if (status & I2C_INT_PACKET_XFER_COMPLETE) {" , we do not
>> have any tegra_i2c_empty_rx_fifo call today. In this current driver I do
>> not see any code that checks for the buffer space and prevents RX FIFO
>> from being drained. The transfer complete when seen must have already
>> consumed all bytes of msg_buf_remaining in the call at the line
>>
>> https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.2-rc4/source/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c#L860
>>
>>
>> So we can put the "WARN_ON_ONCE(i2c_dev->msg_buf_remaining) with msg_err
>> assignment and goto err" to confirm if some corner case is not handled.
>>
>> Planning to share updated patch.
>
> There are two possible error conditions:
>
> 1) Underflow: the XFER_COMPLETE happens before message is fully sent.
>
> 2) Overflow: message is fully sent, but there is no XFER_COMPLETE and
> then hardware asks to transfer more.
>
> We are addressing the second case here, while you seems are confusing it
> with the first case.
>
Is the Overflow case pointed above corresponding to when
msg_buf_remaining is zero? If no, what indicates that message is fully
sent? I see that if msg_buf_remaining is already zero, the call
tegra_i2c_empty_rx_fifo will not do any copy of the bytes from FIFO to buf.

One more point that is not clear to me is are the above suggestions you
made is corresponding to replacing below line in linux-next ?

https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.2-rc4/source/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-tegra.c#L888

Can you please also review the newly added patch "V5 6/7 "that was newly
posted? I think it is needed.


-regards,
Bitan

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-06-11 20:23    [W:0.069 / U:0.692 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site