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SubjectWhat do LSMs *actually* need for checks on notifications?
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To see if we can try and make progress on this, can we try and come at this
from another angle: what do LSMs *actually* need to do this? And I grant that
each LSM might require different things.

-~-

[A] There are a bunch of things available, some of which may be coincident,
depending on the context:

(1) The creds of the process that created a watch_queue (ie. opened
/dev/watch_queue).

(2) The creds of the process that set a watch (ie. called watch_sb,
KEYCTL_NOTIFY, ...);

(3) The creds of the process that tripped the event (which might be the
system).

(4) The security attributes of the object on which the watch was set (uid,
gid, mode, labels).

(5) The security attributes of the object on which the event was tripped.

(6) The security attributes of all the objects between the object in (5) and
the object in (4), assuming we work from (5) towards (4) if the two
aren't coincident (WATCH_INFO_RECURSIVE).

At the moment, when post_one_notification() wants to write a notification into
a queue, it calls security_post_notification() to ask if it should be allowed
to do so. This is passed (1) and (3) above plus the notification record.


[B] There are a number of places I can usefully potentially add hooks:

(a) The point at which a watch queue is created (ie. /dev/watch_queue is
opened).

(b) The point at which a watch is set (ie. watch_sb).

(c) The point at which a notification is generated (ie. an automount point is
tripped).

(d) The point at which a notification is delivered (ie. we write the message
into the queue).

(e) All the points at which we walk over an object in a chain from (c) to
find the watch on which we can effect (d) (eg. we walk rootwards from a
mountpoint to find watches on a branch in the mount topology).


[C] Problems that need to be resolved:

(x) Do I need to put a security pointer in struct watch for the active LSM to
fill in? If so, I presume this would need passing to
security_post_notification().

(y) What checks should be done on object destruction after final put and what
contexts need to be supplied?

This one is made all the harder because the creds that are in force when
close(), exit(), exec(), dup2(), etc. close a file descriptor might need
to be propagated to deferred-fput, which must in turn propagate them to
af_unix-cleanup, and thence back to deferred-fput and thence to implicit
unmount (dissolve_on_fput()[*]).

[*] Though it should be noted that if this happens, the subtree cannot be
attached to the root of a namespace.

Further, if several processes are sharing a file object, it's not
predictable as to which process the final notification will come from.

(z) Do intermediate objects, say in a mount topology notification, actually
need to be checked against the watcher's creds? For a mount topology
notification, would this require calling inode_permission() for each
intervening directory?

Doing that might be impractical as it would probably have to be done
outside of of the RCU read lock and the filesystem ->permission() hooks
might want to sleep (to touch disk or talk to a server).

David

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