lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jun]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH 08/15] x86/alternatives: Teach text_poke_bp() to emulate instructions
On Fri, Jun 07, 2019 at 10:48:06AM -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 7, 2019 at 10:34 AM Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
> >
> > I was/am lazy and didn't want to deal with:
> >
> > arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h:#define GENERIC_NOP5_ATOMIC NOP_DS_PREFIX,GENERIC_NOP4
> > arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h:#define K8_NOP5_ATOMIC 0x66,K8_NOP4
> > arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h:#define K7_NOP5_ATOMIC NOP_DS_PREFIX,K7_NOP4
> > arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h:#define P6_NOP5_ATOMIC P6_NOP5
>
> Ugh. Maybe we could just pick one atomic sequence, and not have the
> magic atomic nops be dynamic.

That'd be nice..

> It's essentially what STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP #define seems to do anyway.

Well, that picks something, we'll overwrite it with the ideal nop later,
once we've figured out what it should be.

> NOP5_ATOMIC is already special, and not used for the normal nop
> rewriting, only for kprobe/jump_label/ftrace.

Right, but esp ftrace means there's a _lot_ of them around.

> So I suspect we could just replace all cases of
>
> ideal_nops[NOP_ATOMIC5]
>
> with
>
> STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP
>
> and get rid of the whole "let's optimize the atomic 5-byte nop" entirely.
>
> Hmm?

So we have:

GENERIC (x86_32): leal ds:0x00(,%esi,1),%esi
K8 (x86_64): osp osp osp osp nop
K7 (x86_32): leal ds:0x00(,%eax,1),%eax
P6 (x86_64): nopl 0x00(%eax,%eax,1)

And I guess the $64k question is if there's any actual performance
difference between the k8 and p6 variants on chips we still care about.

Most modern chips seem to end up selecting p6.

Anyway, the proposed patch looks like so:

---
Subject: x86: Remove ideal_nops[NOP_ATOMIC5]

By picking a single/fixed NOP5_ATOMIC instruction things become simpler.

Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/jump_label.h | 12 +++---------
arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h | 17 ++++++++---------
arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 8 --------
arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c | 3 ++-
arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c | 37 ++++++-------------------------------
arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c | 3 ++-
6 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/jump_label.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/jump_label.h
index 65191ce8e1cf..a3d45abcda95 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/jump_label.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/jump_label.h
@@ -4,12 +4,6 @@

#define JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE 5

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-# define STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP P6_NOP5_ATOMIC
-#else
-# define STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP GENERIC_NOP5_ATOMIC
-#endif
-
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/nops.h>

@@ -21,7 +15,7 @@
static __always_inline bool arch_static_branch(struct static_key *key, bool branch)
{
asm_volatile_goto("1:"
- ".byte " __stringify(STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP) "\n\t"
+ ".byte " __stringify(NOP5_ATOMIC) "\n\t"
".pushsection __jump_table, \"aw\" \n\t"
_ASM_ALIGN "\n\t"
".long 1b - ., %l[l_yes] - . \n\t"
@@ -61,7 +55,7 @@ static __always_inline bool arch_static_branch_jump(struct static_key *key, bool
.long \target - .Lstatic_jump_after_\@
.Lstatic_jump_after_\@:
.else
- .byte STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP
+ .byte NOP5_ATOMIC
.endif
.pushsection __jump_table, "aw"
_ASM_ALIGN
@@ -73,7 +67,7 @@ static __always_inline bool arch_static_branch_jump(struct static_key *key, bool
.macro STATIC_JUMP_IF_FALSE target, key, def
.Lstatic_jump_\@:
.if \def
- .byte STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP
+ .byte NOP5_ATOMIC
.else
/* Equivalent to "jmp.d32 \target" */
.byte 0xe9
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h
index 12f12b5cf2ca..14cf05e645f5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h
@@ -28,7 +28,6 @@
#define GENERIC_NOP6 0x8d,0xb6,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00
#define GENERIC_NOP7 0x8d,0xb4,0x26,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00
#define GENERIC_NOP8 GENERIC_NOP1,GENERIC_NOP7
-#define GENERIC_NOP5_ATOMIC NOP_DS_PREFIX,GENERIC_NOP4

/* Opteron 64bit nops
1: nop
@@ -44,7 +43,6 @@
#define K8_NOP6 K8_NOP3,K8_NOP3
#define K8_NOP7 K8_NOP4,K8_NOP3
#define K8_NOP8 K8_NOP4,K8_NOP4
-#define K8_NOP5_ATOMIC 0x66,K8_NOP4

/* K7 nops
uses eax dependencies (arbitrary choice)
@@ -63,7 +61,6 @@
#define K7_NOP6 0x8d,0x80,0,0,0,0
#define K7_NOP7 0x8D,0x04,0x05,0,0,0,0
#define K7_NOP8 K7_NOP7,K7_NOP1
-#define K7_NOP5_ATOMIC NOP_DS_PREFIX,K7_NOP4

/* P6 nops
uses eax dependencies (Intel-recommended choice)
@@ -86,7 +83,12 @@
#define P6_NOP6 0x66,0x0f,0x1f,0x44,0x00,0
#define P6_NOP7 0x0f,0x1f,0x80,0,0,0,0
#define P6_NOP8 0x0f,0x1f,0x84,0x00,0,0,0,0
-#define P6_NOP5_ATOMIC P6_NOP5
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+#define NOP5_ATOMIC P6_NOP5
+#else
+#define NOP5_ATOMIC NOP_DS_PREFIX,GENERIC_NOP4
+#endif

#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
#define _ASM_MK_NOP(x) .byte x
@@ -103,7 +105,6 @@
#define ASM_NOP6 _ASM_MK_NOP(K7_NOP6)
#define ASM_NOP7 _ASM_MK_NOP(K7_NOP7)
#define ASM_NOP8 _ASM_MK_NOP(K7_NOP8)
-#define ASM_NOP5_ATOMIC _ASM_MK_NOP(K7_NOP5_ATOMIC)
#elif defined(CONFIG_X86_P6_NOP)
#define ASM_NOP1 _ASM_MK_NOP(P6_NOP1)
#define ASM_NOP2 _ASM_MK_NOP(P6_NOP2)
@@ -113,7 +114,6 @@
#define ASM_NOP6 _ASM_MK_NOP(P6_NOP6)
#define ASM_NOP7 _ASM_MK_NOP(P6_NOP7)
#define ASM_NOP8 _ASM_MK_NOP(P6_NOP8)
-#define ASM_NOP5_ATOMIC _ASM_MK_NOP(P6_NOP5_ATOMIC)
#elif defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
#define ASM_NOP1 _ASM_MK_NOP(K8_NOP1)
#define ASM_NOP2 _ASM_MK_NOP(K8_NOP2)
@@ -123,7 +123,6 @@
#define ASM_NOP6 _ASM_MK_NOP(K8_NOP6)
#define ASM_NOP7 _ASM_MK_NOP(K8_NOP7)
#define ASM_NOP8 _ASM_MK_NOP(K8_NOP8)
-#define ASM_NOP5_ATOMIC _ASM_MK_NOP(K8_NOP5_ATOMIC)
#else
#define ASM_NOP1 _ASM_MK_NOP(GENERIC_NOP1)
#define ASM_NOP2 _ASM_MK_NOP(GENERIC_NOP2)
@@ -133,11 +132,11 @@
#define ASM_NOP6 _ASM_MK_NOP(GENERIC_NOP6)
#define ASM_NOP7 _ASM_MK_NOP(GENERIC_NOP7)
#define ASM_NOP8 _ASM_MK_NOP(GENERIC_NOP8)
-#define ASM_NOP5_ATOMIC _ASM_MK_NOP(GENERIC_NOP5_ATOMIC)
#endif

+#define ASM_NOP5_ATOMIC _ASM_MK_NOP(NOP5_ATOMIC)
+
#define ASM_NOP_MAX 8
-#define NOP_ATOMIC5 (ASM_NOP_MAX+1) /* Entry for the 5-byte atomic NOP */

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
extern const unsigned char * const *ideal_nops;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
index 0d57015114e7..4c0250049d4f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -90,7 +90,6 @@ static const unsigned char intelnops[] =
GENERIC_NOP6,
GENERIC_NOP7,
GENERIC_NOP8,
- GENERIC_NOP5_ATOMIC
};
static const unsigned char * const intel_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
{
@@ -103,7 +102,6 @@ static const unsigned char * const intel_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
intelnops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5,
intelnops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6,
intelnops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7,
- intelnops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8,
};
#endif

@@ -118,7 +116,6 @@ static const unsigned char k8nops[] =
K8_NOP6,
K8_NOP7,
K8_NOP8,
- K8_NOP5_ATOMIC
};
static const unsigned char * const k8_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
{
@@ -131,7 +128,6 @@ static const unsigned char * const k8_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
k8nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5,
k8nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6,
k8nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7,
- k8nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8,
};
#endif

@@ -146,7 +142,6 @@ static const unsigned char k7nops[] =
K7_NOP6,
K7_NOP7,
K7_NOP8,
- K7_NOP5_ATOMIC
};
static const unsigned char * const k7_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
{
@@ -159,7 +154,6 @@ static const unsigned char * const k7_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
k7nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5,
k7nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6,
k7nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7,
- k7nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8,
};
#endif

@@ -174,7 +168,6 @@ static const unsigned char p6nops[] =
P6_NOP6,
P6_NOP7,
P6_NOP8,
- P6_NOP5_ATOMIC
};
static const unsigned char * const p6_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
{
@@ -187,7 +180,6 @@ static const unsigned char * const p6_nops[ASM_NOP_MAX+2] =
p6nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5,
p6nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6,
p6nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7,
- p6nops + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8,
};
#endif

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
index 0927bb158ffc..6ea5ea506a5f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -101,7 +101,8 @@ static unsigned long text_ip_addr(unsigned long ip)

static const unsigned char *ftrace_nop_replace(void)
{
- return ideal_nops[NOP_ATOMIC5];
+ static const unsigned char nop[] = { NOP5_ATOMIC };
+ return nop;
}

static int
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c b/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c
index e631c358f7f4..5a27cf6e1c73 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c
@@ -40,8 +40,7 @@ static void __ref __jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry,
int init)
{
union jump_code_union jmp;
- const unsigned char default_nop[] = { STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP };
- const unsigned char *ideal_nop = ideal_nops[NOP_ATOMIC5];
+ const unsigned char nop[] = { NOP5_ATOMIC };
const void *expect, *code;
int line;

@@ -50,21 +49,13 @@ static void __ref __jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry,
(jump_entry_code(entry) + JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE);

if (type == JUMP_LABEL_JMP) {
- if (init) {
- expect = default_nop; line = __LINE__;
- } else {
- expect = ideal_nop; line = __LINE__;
- }
-
+ expect = nop;
+ line = __LINE__;
code = &jmp.code;
} else {
- if (init) {
- expect = default_nop; line = __LINE__;
- } else {
- expect = &jmp.code; line = __LINE__;
- }
-
- code = ideal_nop;
+ expect = &jmp.code;
+ line = __LINE__;
+ code = nop;
}

if (memcmp((void *)jump_entry_code(entry), expect, JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE))
@@ -108,22 +99,6 @@ static enum {
__init_or_module void arch_jump_label_transform_static(struct jump_entry *entry,
enum jump_label_type type)
{
- /*
- * This function is called at boot up and when modules are
- * first loaded. Check if the default nop, the one that is
- * inserted at compile time, is the ideal nop. If it is, then
- * we do not need to update the nop, and we can leave it as is.
- * If it is not, then we need to update the nop to the ideal nop.
- */
- if (jlstate == JL_STATE_START) {
- const unsigned char default_nop[] = { STATIC_KEY_INIT_NOP };
- const unsigned char *ideal_nop = ideal_nops[NOP_ATOMIC5];
-
- if (memcmp(ideal_nop, default_nop, 5) != 0)
- jlstate = JL_STATE_UPDATE;
- else
- jlstate = JL_STATE_NO_UPDATE;
- }
if (jlstate == JL_STATE_UPDATE)
__jump_label_transform(entry, type, 1);
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
index 6afd8061dbae..5b9aa5608d0d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
@@ -204,6 +204,7 @@ int can_boost(struct insn *insn, void *addr)
static unsigned long
__recover_probed_insn(kprobe_opcode_t *buf, unsigned long addr)
{
+ static const unsigned char nop[] = { NOP5_ATOMIC };
struct kprobe *kp;
unsigned long faddr;

@@ -247,7 +248,7 @@ __recover_probed_insn(kprobe_opcode_t *buf, unsigned long addr)
return 0UL;

if (faddr)
- memcpy(buf, ideal_nops[NOP_ATOMIC5], 5);
+ memcpy(buf, nop, 5);
else
buf[0] = kp->opcode;
return (unsigned long)buf;
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-06-11 12:45    [W:0.444 / U:10.776 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site