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Subject[PATCH v7 09/10] mm: stop setting page->mem_cgroup pointer for slab pages
Date
Every slab page charged to a non-root memory cgroup has a pointer
to the memory cgroup and holds a reference to it, which protects
a non-empty memory cgroup from being released. At the same time
the page has a pointer to the corresponding kmem_cache, and also
hold a reference to the kmem_cache. And kmem_cache by itself
holds a reference to the cgroup.

So there is clearly some redundancy, which allows to stop setting
the page->mem_cgroup pointer and rely on getting memcg pointer
indirectly via kmem_cache. Further it will allow to change this
pointer easier, without a need to go over all charged pages.

So let's stop setting page->mem_cgroup pointer for slab pages,
and stop using the css refcounter directly for protecting
the memory cgroup from going away. Instead rely on kmem_cache
as an intermediate object.

Make sure that vmstats and shrinker lists are working as previously,
as well as /proc/kpagecgroup interface.

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
---
mm/list_lru.c | 3 +-
mm/memcontrol.c | 12 ++++----
mm/slab.h | 74 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
3 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/list_lru.c b/mm/list_lru.c
index 927d85be32f6..0f1f6b06b7f3 100644
--- a/mm/list_lru.c
+++ b/mm/list_lru.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
+#include "slab.h"

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM
static LIST_HEAD(list_lrus);
@@ -63,7 +64,7 @@ static __always_inline struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup_from_kmem(void *ptr)
if (!memcg_kmem_enabled())
return NULL;
page = virt_to_head_page(ptr);
- return page->mem_cgroup;
+ return memcg_from_slab_page(page);
}

static inline struct list_lru_one *
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 43a42bc3ed3f..25e72779fd33 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -486,7 +486,10 @@ ino_t page_cgroup_ino(struct page *page)
unsigned long ino = 0;

rcu_read_lock();
- memcg = READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup);
+ if (PageHead(page) && PageSlab(page))
+ memcg = memcg_from_slab_page(page);
+ else
+ memcg = READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup);
while (memcg && !(memcg->css.flags & CSS_ONLINE))
memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg);
if (memcg)
@@ -2807,9 +2810,6 @@ int __memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order,
cancel_charge(memcg, nr_pages);
return -ENOMEM;
}
-
- page->mem_cgroup = memcg;
-
return 0;
}

@@ -2832,8 +2832,10 @@ int __memcg_kmem_charge(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order)
memcg = get_mem_cgroup_from_current();
if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) {
ret = __memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, memcg);
- if (!ret)
+ if (!ret) {
+ page->mem_cgroup = memcg;
__SetPageKmemcg(page);
+ }
}
css_put(&memcg->css);
return ret;
diff --git a/mm/slab.h b/mm/slab.h
index 5d2b8511e6fb..7ead47cb9338 100644
--- a/mm/slab.h
+++ b/mm/slab.h
@@ -255,30 +255,67 @@ static inline struct kmem_cache *memcg_root_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
return s->memcg_params.root_cache;
}

+/*
+ * Expects a pointer to a slab page. Please note, that PageSlab() check
+ * isn't sufficient, as it returns true also for tail compound slab pages,
+ * which do not have slab_cache pointer set.
+ * So this function assumes that the page can pass PageHead() and PageSlab()
+ * checks.
+ */
+static inline struct mem_cgroup *memcg_from_slab_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct kmem_cache *s;
+
+ s = READ_ONCE(page->slab_cache);
+ if (s && !is_root_cache(s))
+ return s->memcg_params.memcg;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Charge the slab page belonging to the non-root kmem_cache.
+ * Can be called for non-root kmem_caches only.
+ */
static __always_inline int memcg_charge_slab(struct page *page,
gfp_t gfp, int order,
struct kmem_cache *s)
{
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ struct lruvec *lruvec;
int ret;

- if (is_root_cache(s))
- return 0;
-
- ret = memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, s->memcg_params.memcg);
+ memcg = s->memcg_params.memcg;
+ ret = memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, memcg);
if (ret)
return ret;

+ lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(page_pgdat(page), memcg);
+ mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, cache_vmstat_idx(s), 1 << order);
+
+ /* transer try_charge() page references to kmem_cache */
percpu_ref_get_many(&s->memcg_params.refcnt, 1 << order);
+ css_put_many(&memcg->css, 1 << order);

return 0;
}

+/*
+ * Uncharge a slab page belonging to a non-root kmem_cache.
+ * Can be called for non-root kmem_caches only.
+ */
static __always_inline void memcg_uncharge_slab(struct page *page, int order,
struct kmem_cache *s)
{
- if (!is_root_cache(s))
- percpu_ref_put_many(&s->memcg_params.refcnt, 1 << order);
- memcg_kmem_uncharge(page, order);
+ struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+ struct lruvec *lruvec;
+
+ memcg = s->memcg_params.memcg;
+ lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(page_pgdat(page), memcg);
+ mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, cache_vmstat_idx(s), -(1 << order));
+ memcg_kmem_uncharge_memcg(page, order, memcg);
+
+ percpu_ref_put_many(&s->memcg_params.refcnt, 1 << order);
}

extern void slab_init_memcg_params(struct kmem_cache *);
@@ -314,6 +351,11 @@ static inline struct kmem_cache *memcg_root_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
return s;
}

+static inline struct mem_cgroup *memcg_from_slab_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+
static inline int memcg_charge_slab(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp, int order,
struct kmem_cache *s)
{
@@ -351,18 +393,24 @@ static __always_inline int charge_slab_page(struct page *page,
gfp_t gfp, int order,
struct kmem_cache *s)
{
- int ret = memcg_charge_slab(page, gfp, order, s);
-
- if (!ret)
- mod_lruvec_page_state(page, cache_vmstat_idx(s), 1 << order);
+ if (is_root_cache(s)) {
+ mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), cache_vmstat_idx(s),
+ 1 << order);
+ return 0;
+ }

- return ret;
+ return memcg_charge_slab(page, gfp, order, s);
}

static __always_inline void uncharge_slab_page(struct page *page, int order,
struct kmem_cache *s)
{
- mod_lruvec_page_state(page, cache_vmstat_idx(s), -(1 << order));
+ if (is_root_cache(s)) {
+ mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(page), cache_vmstat_idx(s),
+ -(1 << order));
+ return;
+ }
+
memcg_uncharge_slab(page, order, s);
}

--
2.21.0
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