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Subject[PATCH 4/8] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Add support for Substream IDs
Date
At the moment, the SMMUv3 driver implements only one stage-1 or stage-2
page directory per device. However SMMUv3 allows more than one address
space for some devices, by providing multiple stage-1 page directories. In
addition to the Stream ID (SID), that identifies a device, we can now have
Substream IDs (SSID) identifying an address space. In PCIe, SID is called
Requester ID (RID) and SSID is called Process Address-Space ID (PASID).

Prepare the driver for SSID support, by adding context descriptor tables
in STEs (previously a single static context descriptor). A complete
stage-1 walk is now performed like this by the SMMU:

Stream tables Ctx. tables Page tables
+--------+ ,------->+-------+ ,------->+-------+
: : | : : | : :
+--------+ | +-------+ | +-------+
SID->| STE |---' SSID->| CD |---' IOVA->| PTE |--> IPA
+--------+ +-------+ +-------+
: : : : : :
+--------+ +-------+ +-------+

Implement a single level of context descriptor table for now, but as with
stream and page tables, an SSID can be split to index multiple levels of
tables.

In all stream table entries, we set S1DSS=SSID0 mode, making translations
without an SSID use context descriptor 0. Although it would be possible by
setting S1DSS=BYPASS, we don't currently support SSID when user selects
iommu.passthrough.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
---
drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c | 238 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
1 file changed, 192 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
index 3254f473e681..d90eb604b65d 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
+++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c
@@ -219,6 +219,11 @@
#define STRTAB_STE_0_S1CTXPTR_MASK GENMASK_ULL(51, 6)
#define STRTAB_STE_0_S1CDMAX GENMASK_ULL(63, 59)

+#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS GENMASK_ULL(1, 0)
+#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_TERMINATE 0x0
+#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_BYPASS 0x1
+#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_SSID0 0x2
+
#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_NC 0UL
#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA 1UL
#define STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WT 2UL
@@ -305,6 +310,7 @@
#define CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_SIZE GENMASK_ULL(4, 0)
#define CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_ADDR_MASK GENMASK_ULL(63, 12)

+#define CMDQ_CFGI_0_SSID GENMASK_ULL(31, 12)
#define CMDQ_CFGI_0_SID GENMASK_ULL(63, 32)
#define CMDQ_CFGI_1_LEAF (1UL << 0)
#define CMDQ_CFGI_1_RANGE GENMASK_ULL(4, 0)
@@ -421,8 +427,11 @@ struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent {

#define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_STE 0x3
#define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_ALL 0x4
+ #define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD 0x5
+ #define CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD_ALL 0x6
struct {
u32 sid;
+ u32 ssid;
union {
bool leaf;
u8 span;
@@ -506,16 +515,25 @@ struct arm_smmu_strtab_l1_desc {
dma_addr_t l2ptr_dma;
};

+struct arm_smmu_cd_table {
+ __le64 *ptr;
+ dma_addr_t ptr_dma;
+};
+
+struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc {
+ u16 asid;
+ u64 ttbr;
+ u64 tcr;
+ u64 mair;
+};
+
struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg {
- __le64 *cdptr;
- dma_addr_t cdptr_dma;
-
- struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc {
- u16 asid;
- u64 ttbr;
- u64 tcr;
- u64 mair;
- } cd;
+ u8 s1fmt;
+ u8 s1cdmax;
+ struct arm_smmu_cd_table table;
+
+ /* Context descriptor 0, when substreams are disabled or s1dss = 0b10 */
+ struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc cd;
};

struct arm_smmu_s2_cfg {
@@ -811,10 +829,16 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_build_cmd(u64 *cmd, struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent *ent)
cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_SIZE, ent->prefetch.size);
cmd[1] |= ent->prefetch.addr & CMDQ_PREFETCH_1_ADDR_MASK;
break;
+ case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD:
+ cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_0_SSID, ent->cfgi.ssid);
+ /* Fallthrough */
case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_STE:
cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_0_SID, ent->cfgi.sid);
cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_1_LEAF, ent->cfgi.leaf);
break;
+ case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD_ALL:
+ cmd[0] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_0_SID, ent->cfgi.sid);
+ break;
case CMDQ_OP_CFGI_ALL:
/* Cover the entire SID range */
cmd[1] |= FIELD_PREP(CMDQ_CFGI_1_RANGE, 31);
@@ -1045,6 +1069,63 @@ static int arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_sync(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
}

/* Context descriptor manipulation functions */
+static void arm_smmu_sync_cd(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
+ int ssid, bool leaf)
+{
+ size_t i;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct arm_smmu_master *master;
+ struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
+ struct arm_smmu_cmdq_ent cmd = {
+ .opcode = CMDQ_OP_CFGI_CD,
+ .cfgi = {
+ .ssid = ssid,
+ .leaf = leaf,
+ },
+ };
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&smmu_domain->devices_lock, flags);
+ list_for_each_entry(master, &smmu_domain->devices, domain_head) {
+ for (i = 0; i < master->num_sids; i++) {
+ cmd.cfgi.sid = master->sids[i];
+ arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_cmd(smmu, &cmd);
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&smmu_domain->devices_lock, flags);
+
+ arm_smmu_cmdq_issue_sync(smmu);
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_alloc_cd_leaf_table(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
+ struct arm_smmu_cd_table *table,
+ size_t num_entries)
+{
+ size_t size = num_entries * (CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3);
+
+ table->ptr = dmam_alloc_coherent(smmu->dev, size, &table->ptr_dma,
+ GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
+ if (!table->ptr) {
+ dev_warn(smmu->dev,
+ "failed to allocate context descriptor table\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void arm_smmu_free_cd_leaf_table(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
+ struct arm_smmu_cd_table *table,
+ size_t num_entries)
+{
+ size_t size = num_entries * (CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3);
+
+ dmam_free_coherent(smmu->dev, size, table->ptr, table->ptr_dma);
+}
+
+static __le64 *arm_smmu_get_cd_ptr(struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg, u32 ssid)
+{
+ return cfg->table.ptr + ssid * CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS;
+}
+
static u64 arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(u64 tcr)
{
u64 val = 0;
@@ -1062,33 +1143,90 @@ static u64 arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(u64 tcr)
return val;
}

-static void arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
- struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg)
+static int arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
+ int ssid, struct arm_smmu_ctx_desc *cd)
{
u64 val;
+ bool cd_live;
+ struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
+ __le64 *cdptr = arm_smmu_get_cd_ptr(&smmu_domain->s1_cfg, ssid);

/*
- * We don't need to issue any invalidation here, as we'll invalidate
- * the STE when installing the new entry anyway.
+ * This function handles the following cases:
+ *
+ * (1) Install primary CD, for normal DMA traffic (SSID = 0).
+ * (2) Install a secondary CD, for SID+SSID traffic.
+ * (3) Update ASID of a CD. Atomically write the first 64 bits of the
+ * CD, then invalidate the old entry and mappings.
+ * (4) Remove a secondary CD.
*/
- val = arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(cfg->cd.tcr) |
+
+ if (!cdptr)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ val = le64_to_cpu(cdptr[0]);
+ cd_live = !!(val & CTXDESC_CD_0_V);
+
+ if (!cd) { /* (4) */
+ cdptr[0] = 0;
+ } else if (cd_live) { /* (3) */
+ val &= ~CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID;
+ val |= FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cd->asid);
+
+ cdptr[0] = cpu_to_le64(val);
+ /*
+ * Until CD+TLB invalidation, both ASIDs may be used for tagging
+ * this substream's traffic
+ */
+ } else { /* (1) and (2) */
+ cdptr[1] = cpu_to_le64(cd->ttbr & CTXDESC_CD_1_TTB0_MASK);
+ cdptr[2] = 0;
+ cdptr[3] = cpu_to_le64(cd->mair);
+
+ /*
+ * STE is live, and the SMMU might fetch this CD at any
+ * time. Ensure that it observes the rest of the CD before we
+ * enable it.
+ */
+ arm_smmu_sync_cd(smmu_domain, ssid, true);
+
+ val = arm_smmu_cpu_tcr_to_cd(cd->tcr) |
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
- CTXDESC_CD_0_ENDI |
+ CTXDESC_CD_0_ENDI |
#endif
- CTXDESC_CD_0_R | CTXDESC_CD_0_A | CTXDESC_CD_0_ASET |
- CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64 | FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cfg->cd.asid) |
- CTXDESC_CD_0_V;
+ CTXDESC_CD_0_R | CTXDESC_CD_0_A | CTXDESC_CD_0_ASET |
+ CTXDESC_CD_0_AA64 |
+ FIELD_PREP(CTXDESC_CD_0_ASID, cd->asid) |
+ CTXDESC_CD_0_V;
+
+ /* STALL_MODEL==0b10 && CD.S==0 is ILLEGAL */
+ if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE)
+ val |= CTXDESC_CD_0_S;
+
+ cdptr[0] = cpu_to_le64(val);
+ }

- /* STALL_MODEL==0b10 && CD.S==0 is ILLEGAL */
- if (smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE)
- val |= CTXDESC_CD_0_S;
+ arm_smmu_sync_cd(smmu_domain, ssid, true);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int arm_smmu_alloc_cd_tables(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
+ struct arm_smmu_master *master)
+{
+ struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
+ struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;

- cfg->cdptr[0] = cpu_to_le64(val);
+ cfg->s1fmt = STRTAB_STE_0_S1FMT_LINEAR;
+ cfg->s1cdmax = master->ssid_bits;
+ return arm_smmu_alloc_cd_leaf_table(smmu, &cfg->table, 1 << cfg->s1cdmax);
+}

- val = cfg->cd.ttbr & CTXDESC_CD_1_TTB0_MASK;
- cfg->cdptr[1] = cpu_to_le64(val);
+static void arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain)
+{
+ struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
+ struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;

- cfg->cdptr[3] = cpu_to_le64(cfg->cd.mair);
+ arm_smmu_free_cd_leaf_table(smmu, &cfg->table, 1 << cfg->s1cdmax);
}

/* Stream table manipulation functions */
@@ -1210,6 +1348,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
if (s1_cfg) {
BUG_ON(ste_live);
dst[1] = cpu_to_le64(
+ FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS, STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_SSID0) |
FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CIR, STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA) |
FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1COR, STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA) |
FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CSH, ARM_SMMU_SH_ISH) |
@@ -1219,8 +1358,10 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_STALL_FORCE))
dst[1] |= cpu_to_le64(STRTAB_STE_1_S1STALLD);

- val |= (s1_cfg->cdptr_dma & STRTAB_STE_0_S1CTXPTR_MASK) |
- FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG, STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S1_TRANS);
+ val |= (s1_cfg->table.ptr_dma & STRTAB_STE_0_S1CTXPTR_MASK) |
+ FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG, STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S1_TRANS) |
+ FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_S1CDMAX, s1_cfg->s1cdmax) |
+ FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_S1FMT, s1_cfg->s1fmt);
}

if (s2_cfg) {
@@ -1674,12 +1815,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1) {
struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *cfg = &smmu_domain->s1_cfg;

- if (cfg->cdptr) {
- dmam_free_coherent(smmu_domain->smmu->dev,
- CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3,
- cfg->cdptr,
- cfg->cdptr_dma);
-
+ if (cfg->table.ptr) {
+ arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
arm_smmu_bitmap_free(smmu->asid_map, cfg->cd.asid);
}
} else {
@@ -1692,6 +1829,7 @@ static void arm_smmu_domain_free(struct iommu_domain *domain)
}

static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
+ struct arm_smmu_master *master,
struct io_pgtable_cfg *pgtbl_cfg)
{
int ret;
@@ -1703,27 +1841,29 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s1(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
if (asid < 0)
return asid;

- cfg->cdptr = dmam_alloc_coherent(smmu->dev, CTXDESC_CD_DWORDS << 3,
- &cfg->cdptr_dma,
- GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
- if (!cfg->cdptr) {
- dev_warn(smmu->dev, "failed to allocate context descriptor\n");
- ret = -ENOMEM;
+ ret = arm_smmu_alloc_cd_tables(smmu_domain, master);
+ if (ret)
goto out_free_asid;
- }

cfg->cd.asid = (u16)asid;
cfg->cd.ttbr = pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.ttbr[0];
cfg->cd.tcr = pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.tcr;
cfg->cd.mair = pgtbl_cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.mair[0];
+
+ ret = arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu_domain, 0, &smmu_domain->s1_cfg.cd);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_free_table;
return 0;

+out_free_table:
+ arm_smmu_free_cd_tables(smmu_domain);
out_free_asid:
arm_smmu_bitmap_free(smmu->asid_map, asid);
return ret;
}

static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s2(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
+ struct arm_smmu_master *master,
struct io_pgtable_cfg *pgtbl_cfg)
{
int vmid;
@@ -1740,7 +1880,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise_s2(struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain,
return 0;
}

-static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain)
+static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain,
+ struct arm_smmu_master *master)
{
int ret;
unsigned long ias, oas;
@@ -1748,6 +1889,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain)
struct io_pgtable_cfg pgtbl_cfg;
struct io_pgtable_ops *pgtbl_ops;
int (*finalise_stage_fn)(struct arm_smmu_domain *,
+ struct arm_smmu_master *,
struct io_pgtable_cfg *);
struct arm_smmu_domain *smmu_domain = to_smmu_domain(domain);
struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = smmu_domain->smmu;
@@ -1804,7 +1946,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct iommu_domain *domain)
domain->geometry.aperture_end = (1UL << pgtbl_cfg.ias) - 1;
domain->geometry.force_aperture = true;

- ret = finalise_stage_fn(smmu_domain, &pgtbl_cfg);
+ ret = finalise_stage_fn(smmu_domain, master, &pgtbl_cfg);
if (ret < 0) {
free_io_pgtable_ops(pgtbl_ops);
return ret;
@@ -1932,7 +2074,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)

if (!smmu_domain->smmu) {
smmu_domain->smmu = smmu;
- ret = arm_smmu_domain_finalise(domain);
+ ret = arm_smmu_domain_finalise(domain, master);
if (ret) {
smmu_domain->smmu = NULL;
goto out_unlock;
@@ -1944,6 +2086,13 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
dev_name(smmu->dev));
ret = -ENXIO;
goto out_unlock;
+ } else if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1 &&
+ master->ssid_bits != smmu_domain->s1_cfg.s1cdmax) {
+ dev_err(dev,
+ "cannot attach to incompatible domain (%u SSID bits != %u)\n",
+ smmu_domain->s1_cfg.s1cdmax, master->ssid_bits);
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out_unlock;
}

master->domain = smmu_domain;
@@ -1955,9 +2104,6 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
if (smmu_domain->stage != ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_BYPASS)
arm_smmu_enable_ats(master);

- if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S1)
- arm_smmu_write_ctx_desc(smmu, &smmu_domain->s1_cfg);
-
arm_smmu_install_ste_for_dev(master);
out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&smmu_domain->init_mutex);
--
2.21.0
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