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Subject[PATCH v2 4/5] mm: introduce MADV_PAGEOUT
Date
When a process expects no accesses to a certain memory range
for a long time, it could hint kernel that the pages can be
reclaimed instantly but data should be preserved for future use.
This could reduce workingset eviction so it ends up increasing
performance.

This patch introduces the new MADV_PAGEOUT hint to madvise(2)
syscall. MADV_PAGEOUT can be used by a process to mark a memory
range as not expected to be used for a long time so that kernel
reclaims *any LRU* pages instantly. The hint can help kernel in
deciding which pages to evict proactively.

All of error rule is same with MADV_DONTNEED.

* v1
* change pte to old and rely on the other's reference - hannes
* remove page_mapcount to check shared page - mhocko

* RFC v2
* make reclaim_pages simple via factoring out isolate logic - hannes

* RFCv1
* rename from MADV_COLD to MADV_PAGEOUT - hannes
* bail out if process is being killed - Hillf
* fix reclaim_pages bugs - Hillf

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
---
include/linux/swap.h | 1 +
include/uapi/asm-generic/mman-common.h | 1 +
mm/madvise.c | 161 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
mm/vmscan.c | 58 +++++++++
4 files changed, 221 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
index 0ce997edb8bb..063c0c1e112b 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h
@@ -365,6 +365,7 @@ extern int vm_swappiness;
extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page);
extern unsigned long vm_total_pages;

+extern unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
extern int node_reclaim_mode;
extern int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio;
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/mman-common.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/mman-common.h
index d7b4231eea63..f545e159b472 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/mman-common.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/mman-common.h
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@
#define MADV_WILLNEED 3 /* will need these pages */
#define MADV_DONTNEED 4 /* don't need these pages */
#define MADV_COLD 5 /* deactivatie these pages */
+#define MADV_PAGEOUT 6 /* reclaim these pages */

/* common parameters: try to keep these consistent across architectures */
#define MADV_FREE 8 /* free pages only if memory pressure */
diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
index 67c0379f64a7..3b9d2ba421b1 100644
--- a/mm/madvise.c
+++ b/mm/madvise.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/page-isolation.h>
+#include <linux/page_idle.h>
#include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/falloc.h>
@@ -41,6 +42,7 @@ static int madvise_need_mmap_write(int behavior)
case MADV_WILLNEED:
case MADV_DONTNEED:
case MADV_COLD:
+ case MADV_PAGEOUT:
case MADV_FREE:
return 0;
default:
@@ -451,6 +453,162 @@ static long madvise_cold(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
return 0;
}

+static int madvise_pageout_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk)
+{
+ struct mmu_gather *tlb = walk->private;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma;
+ pte_t *orig_pte, *pte, ptent;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ LIST_HEAD(page_list);
+ struct page *page;
+ int isolated = 0;
+ unsigned long next;
+
+ if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
+ return -EINTR;
+
+ next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
+ if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
+ pmd_t orig_pmd;
+
+ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
+ ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma);
+ if (!ptl)
+ return 0;
+
+ orig_pmd = *pmd;
+ if (is_huge_zero_pmd(orig_pmd))
+ goto huge_unlock;
+
+ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(orig_pmd))) {
+ VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() &&
+ !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd));
+ goto huge_unlock;
+ }
+
+ page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
+ if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) {
+ int err;
+
+ if (page_mapcount(page) != 1)
+ goto huge_unlock;
+ get_page(page);
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ lock_page(page);
+ err = split_huge_page(page);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ put_page(page);
+ if (!err)
+ goto regular_page;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (isolate_lru_page(page))
+ goto huge_unlock;
+
+ if (pmd_young(orig_pmd)) {
+ pmdp_invalidate(vma, addr, pmd);
+ orig_pmd = pmd_mkold(orig_pmd);
+
+ set_pmd_at(mm, addr, pmd, orig_pmd);
+ tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pmd, addr);
+ }
+
+ ClearPageReferenced(page);
+ test_and_clear_page_young(page);
+ list_add(&page->lru, &page_list);
+huge_unlock:
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ reclaim_pages(&page_list);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd))
+ return 0;
+regular_page:
+ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE);
+ orig_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
+ flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm);
+ arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
+ for (; addr < end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ ptent = *pte;
+ if (!pte_present(ptent))
+ continue;
+
+ page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent);
+ if (!page)
+ continue;
+
+ if (isolate_lru_page(page))
+ continue;
+
+ isolated++;
+ if (pte_young(ptent)) {
+ ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte,
+ tlb->fullmm);
+ ptent = pte_mkold(ptent);
+ set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, ptent);
+ tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr);
+ }
+ ClearPageReferenced(page);
+ test_and_clear_page_young(page);
+ list_add(&page->lru, &page_list);
+ if (isolated >= SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX) {
+ arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
+ pte_unmap_unlock(orig_pte, ptl);
+ reclaim_pages(&page_list);
+ isolated = 0;
+ pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
+ arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
+ orig_pte = pte;
+ }
+ }
+
+ arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
+ pte_unmap_unlock(orig_pte, ptl);
+ reclaim_pages(&page_list);
+ cond_resched();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void madvise_pageout_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
+{
+ struct mm_walk pageout_walk = {
+ .pmd_entry = madvise_pageout_pte_range,
+ .mm = vma->vm_mm,
+ .private = tlb,
+ };
+
+ tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma);
+ walk_page_range(addr, end, &pageout_walk);
+ tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma);
+}
+
+
+static long madvise_pageout(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ struct vm_area_struct **prev,
+ unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ struct mmu_gather tlb;
+
+ *prev = vma;
+ if (!can_madv_lru_vma(vma))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ lru_add_drain();
+ tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start_addr, end_addr);
+ madvise_pageout_page_range(&tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr);
+ tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start_addr, end_addr);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int madvise_free_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk)

@@ -841,6 +999,8 @@ madvise_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **prev,
return madvise_willneed(vma, prev, start, end);
case MADV_COLD:
return madvise_cold(vma, prev, start, end);
+ case MADV_PAGEOUT:
+ return madvise_pageout(vma, prev, start, end);
case MADV_FREE:
case MADV_DONTNEED:
return madvise_dontneed_free(vma, prev, start, end, behavior);
@@ -863,6 +1023,7 @@ madvise_behavior_valid(int behavior)
case MADV_DONTNEED:
case MADV_FREE:
case MADV_COLD:
+ case MADV_PAGEOUT:
#ifdef CONFIG_KSM
case MADV_MERGEABLE:
case MADV_UNMERGEABLE:
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 56df55e8afcd..04061185677f 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -2136,6 +2136,64 @@ static void shrink_active_list(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
nr_deactivate, nr_rotated, sc->priority, file);
}

+unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list)
+{
+ int nid = -1;
+ unsigned long nr_reclaimed = 0;
+ LIST_HEAD(node_page_list);
+ struct reclaim_stat dummy_stat;
+ struct scan_control sc = {
+ .gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL,
+ .priority = DEF_PRIORITY,
+ .may_writepage = 1,
+ .may_unmap = 1,
+ .may_swap = 1,
+ };
+
+ while (!list_empty(page_list)) {
+ struct page *page;
+
+ page = lru_to_page(page_list);
+ if (nid == -1) {
+ nid = page_to_nid(page);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node_page_list);
+ }
+
+ if (nid == page_to_nid(page)) {
+ list_move(&page->lru, &node_page_list);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ nr_reclaimed += shrink_page_list(&node_page_list,
+ NODE_DATA(nid),
+ &sc, 0,
+ &dummy_stat, false);
+ while (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) {
+ struct page *page = lru_to_page(&node_page_list);
+
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ putback_lru_page(page);
+ }
+
+ nid = -1;
+ }
+
+ if (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) {
+ nr_reclaimed += shrink_page_list(&node_page_list,
+ NODE_DATA(nid),
+ &sc, 0,
+ &dummy_stat, false);
+ while (!list_empty(&node_page_list)) {
+ struct page *page = lru_to_page(&node_page_list);
+
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ putback_lru_page(page);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return nr_reclaimed;
+}
+
/*
* The inactive anon list should be small enough that the VM never has
* to do too much work.
--
2.22.0.rc2.383.gf4fbbf30c2-goog
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