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    SubjectRe: [PATCH] hwmon (occ): Switch power average to between poll responses
    On Tue, May 07, 2019 at 02:35:51PM -0500, Eddie James wrote:
    > The average power reported in the hwmon OCC driver is not useful
    > because the time it represents is too short. Instead, store the
    > previous power accumulator reported by the OCC and average it with the
    > latest accumulator to obtain an average between poll responses. This
    > does operate under the assumption that the user polls regularly.
    >

    That looks really bad. Effectively it means that the number reported
    as average power is more or less useless/random. On top of that, the code
    gets so complicated that it is all but impossible to understand.

    Does it really make sense to report an average that has effectively
    no useful meaning (and is, for example, influenced just by reading it) ?

    Guenter

    > Signed-off-by: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>
    > ---
    > drivers/hwmon/occ/common.c | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
    > drivers/hwmon/occ/common.h | 7 +++
    > 2 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)
    >
    > diff --git a/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.c b/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.c
    > index e6d3fb5..6ffcee7 100644
    > --- a/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.c
    > +++ b/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.c
    > @@ -118,6 +118,53 @@ struct extended_sensor {
    > u8 data[6];
    > } __packed;
    >
    > +static void occ_update_prev_power_avgs(struct occ *occ)
    > +{
    > + u8 i;
    > + struct power_sensor_1 *ps1;
    > + struct power_sensor_2 *ps2;
    > + struct power_sensor_a0 *psa0;
    > + struct occ_sensor *power = &occ->sensors.power;
    > + struct occ_power_avg *prevs = occ->prev_power_avgs;
    > +
    > + switch (power->version) {
    > + case 1:
    > + for (i = 0; i < power->num_sensors; ++i) {
    > + ps1 = ((struct power_sensor_1 *)power->data) + i;
    > +
    > + prevs[i].accumulator =
    > + get_unaligned_be32(&ps1->accumulator);
    > + prevs[i].update_tag =
    > + get_unaligned_be32(&ps1->update_tag);
    > + }
    > + break;
    > + case 2:
    > + for (i = 0; i < power->num_sensors; ++i) {
    > + ps2 = ((struct power_sensor_2 *)power->data) + i;
    > +
    > + prevs[i].accumulator =
    > + get_unaligned_be64(&ps2->accumulator);
    > + prevs[i].update_tag =
    > + get_unaligned_be32(&ps2->update_tag);
    > + }
    > + break;
    > + case 0xA0:
    > + for (i = 0; i < power->num_sensors; ++i) {
    > + psa0 = ((struct power_sensor_a0 *)power->data) + i;
    > +
    > + prevs[i].accumulator = psa0->system.accumulator;
    > + prevs[i].update_tag = psa0->system.update_tag;
    > + prevs[i + 1].accumulator = psa0->proc.accumulator;
    > + prevs[i + 1].update_tag = psa0->proc.update_tag;
    > + prevs[i + 2].accumulator = psa0->vdd.accumulator;
    > + prevs[i + 2].update_tag = psa0->vdd.update_tag;
    > + prevs[i + 3].accumulator = psa0->vdn.accumulator;
    > + prevs[i + 3].update_tag = psa0->vdn.update_tag;
    > + }
    > + break;
    > + }
    > +}
    > +
    > static int occ_poll(struct occ *occ)
    > {
    > int rc;
    > @@ -135,6 +182,8 @@ static int occ_poll(struct occ *occ)
    > cmd[6] = checksum & 0xFF; /* checksum lsb */
    > cmd[7] = 0;
    >
    > + occ_update_prev_power_avgs(occ);
    > +
    > /* mutex should already be locked if necessary */
    > rc = occ->send_cmd(occ, cmd);
    > if (rc) {
    > @@ -208,6 +257,7 @@ int occ_update_response(struct occ *occ)
    > /* limit the maximum rate of polling the OCC */
    > if (time_after(jiffies, occ->last_update + OCC_UPDATE_FREQUENCY)) {
    > rc = occ_poll(occ);
    > + occ->prev_update = occ->last_update;
    > occ->last_update = jiffies;
    > } else {
    > rc = occ->last_error;
    > @@ -364,6 +414,14 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_freq_2(struct device *dev,
    > return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1, "%u\n", val);
    > }
    >
    > +static u64 occ_power_avg(struct occ *occ, u8 idx, u64 accum, u32 samples)
    > +{
    > + struct occ_power_avg *avg = &occ->prev_power_avgs[idx];
    > +
    > + return div_u64((accum - avg->accumulator) * 1000000ULL,
    > + samples - avg->update_tag);
    > +}
    > +
    > static ssize_t occ_show_power_1(struct device *dev,
    > struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
    > {
    > @@ -385,13 +443,12 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_1(struct device *dev,
    > val = get_unaligned_be16(&power->sensor_id);
    > break;
    > case 1:
    > - val = get_unaligned_be32(&power->accumulator) /
    > - get_unaligned_be32(&power->update_tag);
    > - val *= 1000000ULL;
    > + val = occ_power_avg(occ, sattr->index,
    > + get_unaligned_be32(&power->accumulator),
    > + get_unaligned_be32(&power->update_tag));
    > break;
    > case 2:
    > - val = (u64)get_unaligned_be32(&power->update_tag) *
    > - occ->powr_sample_time_us;
    > + val = jiffies_to_usecs(occ->last_update - occ->prev_update);
    > break;
    > case 3:
    > val = get_unaligned_be16(&power->value) * 1000000ULL;
    > @@ -403,12 +460,6 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_1(struct device *dev,
    > return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1, "%llu\n", val);
    > }
    >
    > -static u64 occ_get_powr_avg(u64 *accum, u32 *samples)
    > -{
    > - return div64_u64(get_unaligned_be64(accum) * 1000000ULL,
    > - get_unaligned_be32(samples));
    > -}
    > -
    > static ssize_t occ_show_power_2(struct device *dev,
    > struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
    > {
    > @@ -431,12 +482,12 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_2(struct device *dev,
    > get_unaligned_be32(&power->sensor_id),
    > power->function_id, power->apss_channel);
    > case 1:
    > - val = occ_get_powr_avg(&power->accumulator,
    > - &power->update_tag);
    > + val = occ_power_avg(occ, sattr->index,
    > + get_unaligned_be64(&power->accumulator),
    > + get_unaligned_be32(&power->update_tag));
    > break;
    > case 2:
    > - val = (u64)get_unaligned_be32(&power->update_tag) *
    > - occ->powr_sample_time_us;
    > + val = jiffies_to_usecs(occ->last_update - occ->prev_update);
    > break;
    > case 3:
    > val = get_unaligned_be16(&power->value) * 1000000ULL;
    > @@ -452,6 +503,8 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_a0(struct device *dev,
    > struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
    > {
    > int rc;
    > + u32 samples;
    > + u64 accum;
    > u64 val = 0;
    > struct power_sensor_a0 *power;
    > struct occ *occ = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
    > @@ -469,12 +522,15 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_a0(struct device *dev,
    > return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1, "%u_system\n",
    > get_unaligned_be32(&power->sensor_id));
    > case 1:
    > - val = occ_get_powr_avg(&power->system.accumulator,
    > - &power->system.update_tag);
    > + accum = get_unaligned_be64(&power->system.accumulator);
    > + samples = get_unaligned_be32(&power->system.update_tag);
    > + val = occ_power_avg(occ, sattr->index, accum, samples);
    > break;
    > case 2:
    > - val = (u64)get_unaligned_be32(&power->system.update_tag) *
    > - occ->powr_sample_time_us;
    > + case 6:
    > + case 10:
    > + case 14:
    > + val = jiffies_to_usecs(occ->last_update - occ->prev_update);
    > break;
    > case 3:
    > val = get_unaligned_be16(&power->system.value) * 1000000ULL;
    > @@ -483,12 +539,9 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_a0(struct device *dev,
    > return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1, "%u_proc\n",
    > get_unaligned_be32(&power->sensor_id));
    > case 5:
    > - val = occ_get_powr_avg(&power->proc.accumulator,
    > - &power->proc.update_tag);
    > - break;
    > - case 6:
    > - val = (u64)get_unaligned_be32(&power->proc.update_tag) *
    > - occ->powr_sample_time_us;
    > + accum = get_unaligned_be64(&power->proc.accumulator);
    > + samples = get_unaligned_be32(&power->proc.update_tag);
    > + val = occ_power_avg(occ, sattr->index + 1, accum, samples);
    > break;
    > case 7:
    > val = get_unaligned_be16(&power->proc.value) * 1000000ULL;
    > @@ -497,12 +550,9 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_a0(struct device *dev,
    > return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1, "%u_vdd\n",
    > get_unaligned_be32(&power->sensor_id));
    > case 9:
    > - val = occ_get_powr_avg(&power->vdd.accumulator,
    > - &power->vdd.update_tag);
    > - break;
    > - case 10:
    > - val = (u64)get_unaligned_be32(&power->vdd.update_tag) *
    > - occ->powr_sample_time_us;
    > + accum = get_unaligned_be64(&power->vdd.accumulator);
    > + samples = get_unaligned_be32(&power->vdd.update_tag);
    > + val = occ_power_avg(occ, sattr->index + 2, accum, samples);
    > break;
    > case 11:
    > val = get_unaligned_be16(&power->vdd.value) * 1000000ULL;
    > @@ -511,12 +561,9 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_power_a0(struct device *dev,
    > return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE - 1, "%u_vdn\n",
    > get_unaligned_be32(&power->sensor_id));
    > case 13:
    > - val = occ_get_powr_avg(&power->vdn.accumulator,
    > - &power->vdn.update_tag);
    > - break;
    > - case 14:
    > - val = (u64)get_unaligned_be32(&power->vdn.update_tag) *
    > - occ->powr_sample_time_us;
    > + accum = get_unaligned_be64(&power->vdn.accumulator);
    > + samples = get_unaligned_be32(&power->vdn.update_tag);
    > + val = occ_power_avg(occ, sattr->index + 3, accum, samples);
    > break;
    > case 15:
    > val = get_unaligned_be16(&power->vdn.value) * 1000000ULL;
    > @@ -719,6 +766,7 @@ static ssize_t occ_show_extended(struct device *dev,
    > static int occ_setup_sensor_attrs(struct occ *occ)
    > {
    > unsigned int i, s, num_attrs = 0;
    > + unsigned int power_avgs_size = 0;
    > struct device *dev = occ->bus_dev;
    > struct occ_sensors *sensors = &occ->sensors;
    > struct occ_attribute *attr;
    > @@ -761,9 +809,13 @@ static int occ_setup_sensor_attrs(struct occ *occ)
    > /* fall through */
    > case 1:
    > num_attrs += (sensors->power.num_sensors * 4);
    > + power_avgs_size = sizeof(struct occ_power_avg) *
    > + sensors->power.num_sensors;
    > break;
    > case 0xA0:
    > num_attrs += (sensors->power.num_sensors * 16);
    > + power_avgs_size = sizeof(struct occ_power_avg) *
    > + sensors->power.num_sensors * 4;
    > show_power = occ_show_power_a0;
    > break;
    > default:
    > @@ -792,6 +844,13 @@ static int occ_setup_sensor_attrs(struct occ *occ)
    > sensors->extended.num_sensors = 0;
    > }
    >
    > + if (power_avgs_size) {
    > + occ->prev_power_avgs = devm_kzalloc(dev, power_avgs_size,
    > + GFP_KERNEL);
    > + if (!occ->prev_power_avgs)
    > + return -ENOMEM;
    > + }
    > +
    > occ->attrs = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*occ->attrs) * num_attrs,
    > GFP_KERNEL);
    > if (!occ->attrs)
    > diff --git a/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.h b/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.h
    > index c676e48..08970f8 100644
    > --- a/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.h
    > +++ b/drivers/hwmon/occ/common.h
    > @@ -87,17 +87,24 @@ struct occ_attribute {
    > struct sensor_device_attribute_2 sensor;
    > };
    >
    > +struct occ_power_avg {
    > + u64 accumulator;
    > + u32 update_tag;
    > +};
    > +
    > struct occ {
    > struct device *bus_dev;
    >
    > struct occ_response resp;
    > struct occ_sensors sensors;
    > + struct occ_power_avg *prev_power_avgs;
    >
    > int powr_sample_time_us; /* average power sample time */
    > u8 poll_cmd_data; /* to perform OCC poll command */
    > int (*send_cmd)(struct occ *occ, u8 *cmd);
    >
    > unsigned long last_update;
    > + unsigned long prev_update;
    > struct mutex lock; /* lock OCC access */
    >
    > struct device *hwmon;
    > --
    > 1.8.3.1
    >

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