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SubjectRe: [PATCH] percpu: remove spurious lock dependency between percpu and sched
On Tue, May 07, 2019 at 06:43:20PM -0700, John Sperbeck wrote:
> In free_percpu() we sometimes call pcpu_schedule_balance_work() to
> queue a work item (which does a wakeup) while holding pcpu_lock.
> This creates an unnecessary lock dependency between pcpu_lock and
> the scheduler's pi_lock. There are other places where we call
> pcpu_schedule_balance_work() without hold pcpu_lock, and this case
> doesn't need to be different.
>
> Moving the call outside the lock prevents the following lockdep splat
> when running tools/testing/selftests/bpf/{test_maps,test_progs} in
> sequence with lockdep enabled:
>
> ======================================================
> WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
> 5.1.0-dbg-DEV #1 Not tainted
> ------------------------------------------------------
> kworker/23:255/18872 is trying to acquire lock:
> 000000000bc79290 (&(&pool->lock)->rlock){-.-.}, at: __queue_work+0xb2/0x520
>
> but task is already holding lock:
> 00000000e3e7a6aa (pcpu_lock){..-.}, at: free_percpu+0x36/0x260
>
> which lock already depends on the new lock.
>
> the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
>
> -> #4 (pcpu_lock){..-.}:
> lock_acquire+0x9e/0x180
> _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x3a/0x50
> pcpu_alloc+0xfa/0x780
> __alloc_percpu_gfp+0x12/0x20
> alloc_htab_elem+0x184/0x2b0
> __htab_percpu_map_update_elem+0x252/0x290
> bpf_percpu_hash_update+0x7c/0x130
> __do_sys_bpf+0x1912/0x1be0
> __x64_sys_bpf+0x1a/0x20
> do_syscall_64+0x59/0x400
> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
>
> -> #3 (&htab->buckets[i].lock){....}:
> lock_acquire+0x9e/0x180
> _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x3a/0x50
> htab_map_update_elem+0x1af/0x3a0
>
> -> #2 (&rq->lock){-.-.}:
> lock_acquire+0x9e/0x180
> _raw_spin_lock+0x2f/0x40
> task_fork_fair+0x37/0x160
> sched_fork+0x211/0x310
> copy_process.part.43+0x7b1/0x2160
> _do_fork+0xda/0x6b0
> kernel_thread+0x29/0x30
> rest_init+0x22/0x260
> arch_call_rest_init+0xe/0x10
> start_kernel+0x4fd/0x520
> x86_64_start_reservations+0x24/0x26
> x86_64_start_kernel+0x6f/0x72
> secondary_startup_64+0xa4/0xb0
>
> -> #1 (&p->pi_lock){-.-.}:
> lock_acquire+0x9e/0x180
> _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x3a/0x50
> try_to_wake_up+0x41/0x600
> wake_up_process+0x15/0x20
> create_worker+0x16b/0x1e0
> workqueue_init+0x279/0x2ee
> kernel_init_freeable+0xf7/0x288
> kernel_init+0xf/0x180
> ret_from_fork+0x24/0x30
>
> -> #0 (&(&pool->lock)->rlock){-.-.}:
> __lock_acquire+0x101f/0x12a0
> lock_acquire+0x9e/0x180
> _raw_spin_lock+0x2f/0x40
> __queue_work+0xb2/0x520
> queue_work_on+0x38/0x80
> free_percpu+0x221/0x260
> pcpu_freelist_destroy+0x11/0x20
> stack_map_free+0x2a/0x40
> bpf_map_free_deferred+0x3c/0x50
> process_one_work+0x1f7/0x580
> worker_thread+0x54/0x410
> kthread+0x10f/0x150
> ret_from_fork+0x24/0x30
>
> other info that might help us debug this:
>
> Chain exists of:
> &(&pool->lock)->rlock --> &htab->buckets[i].lock --> pcpu_lock
>
> Possible unsafe locking scenario:
>
> CPU0 CPU1
> ---- ----
> lock(pcpu_lock);
> lock(&htab->buckets[i].lock);
> lock(pcpu_lock);
> lock(&(&pool->lock)->rlock);
>
> *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> 3 locks held by kworker/23:255/18872:
> #0: 00000000b36a6e16 ((wq_completion)events){+.+.},
> at: process_one_work+0x17a/0x580
> #1: 00000000dfd966f0 ((work_completion)(&map->work)){+.+.},
> at: process_one_work+0x17a/0x580
> #2: 00000000e3e7a6aa (pcpu_lock){..-.},
> at: free_percpu+0x36/0x260
>
> stack backtrace:
> CPU: 23 PID: 18872 Comm: kworker/23:255 Not tainted 5.1.0-dbg-DEV #1
> Hardware name: ...
> Workqueue: events bpf_map_free_deferred
> Call Trace:
> dump_stack+0x67/0x95
> print_circular_bug.isra.38+0x1c6/0x220
> check_prev_add.constprop.50+0x9f6/0xd20
> __lock_acquire+0x101f/0x12a0
> lock_acquire+0x9e/0x180
> _raw_spin_lock+0x2f/0x40
> __queue_work+0xb2/0x520
> queue_work_on+0x38/0x80
> free_percpu+0x221/0x260
> pcpu_freelist_destroy+0x11/0x20
> stack_map_free+0x2a/0x40
> bpf_map_free_deferred+0x3c/0x50
> process_one_work+0x1f7/0x580
> worker_thread+0x54/0x410
> kthread+0x10f/0x150
> ret_from_fork+0x24/0x30
>
> Signed-off-by: John Sperbeck <jsperbeck@google.com>
> ---
> mm/percpu.c | 6 +++++-
> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/percpu.c b/mm/percpu.c
> index 68dd2e7e73b5..d832793bf83a 100644
> --- a/mm/percpu.c
> +++ b/mm/percpu.c
> @@ -1738,6 +1738,7 @@ void free_percpu(void __percpu *ptr)
> struct pcpu_chunk *chunk;
> unsigned long flags;
> int off;
> + bool need_balance = false;
>
> if (!ptr)
> return;
> @@ -1759,7 +1760,7 @@ void free_percpu(void __percpu *ptr)
>
> list_for_each_entry(pos, &pcpu_slot[pcpu_nr_slots - 1], list)
> if (pos != chunk) {
> - pcpu_schedule_balance_work();
> + need_balance = true;
> break;
> }
> }
> @@ -1767,6 +1768,9 @@ void free_percpu(void __percpu *ptr)
> trace_percpu_free_percpu(chunk->base_addr, off, ptr);
>
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pcpu_lock, flags);
> +
> + if (need_balance)
> + pcpu_schedule_balance_work();
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(free_percpu);
>
> --
> 2.21.0.1020.gf2820cf01a-goog
>

Hi John,

The free_percpu() function hasn't changed in a little under 2 years. So,
either lockdep has gotten smarter or something else has changed. There
was a workqueue change recently merged: 6d25be5782e4 ("sched/core,
workqueues: Distangle worker accounting from rq lock"). Would you mind
reverting this and then seeing if you still encounter deadlock?

Thanks,
Dennis

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