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Subject[PATCH v2 01/14] asm-generic, x86: introduce generic pte_{alloc,free}_one[_kernel]
Date
Most architectures have identical or very similar implementation of
pte_alloc_one_kernel(), pte_alloc_one(), pte_free_kernel() and pte_free().

Add a generic implementation that can be reused across architectures and
enable its use on x86.

The generic implementation uses

GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO

for the kernel page tables and

GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO | __GFP_ACCOUNT

for the user page tables.

The "base" functions for PTE allocation, namely __pte_alloc_one_kernel()
and __pte_alloc_one() are intended for the architectures that require
additional actions after actual memory allocation or must use non-default
GFP flags.

x86 is switched to use generic pte_alloc_one_kernel(), pte_free_kernel() and
pte_free().

x86 still implements pte_alloc_one() to allow run-time control of GFP flags
required for "userpte" command line option.

Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/pgalloc.h | 19 ++------
arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c | 33 ++++---------
include/asm-generic/pgalloc.h | 107 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
3 files changed, 115 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgalloc.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgalloc.h
index a281e61..29aa785 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgalloc.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgalloc.h
@@ -6,6 +6,9 @@
#include <linux/mm.h> /* for struct page */
#include <linux/pagemap.h>

+#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE
+#include <asm-generic/pgalloc.h> /* for pte_{alloc,free}_one */
+
static inline int __paravirt_pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; }

#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL
@@ -47,24 +50,8 @@ extern gfp_t __userpte_alloc_gfp;
extern pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *);
extern void pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd);

-extern pte_t *pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *);
extern pgtable_t pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *);

-/* Should really implement gc for free page table pages. This could be
- done with a reference count in struct page. */
-
-static inline void pte_free_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte)
-{
- BUG_ON((unsigned long)pte & (PAGE_SIZE-1));
- free_page((unsigned long)pte);
-}
-
-static inline void pte_free(struct mm_struct *mm, struct page *pte)
-{
- pgtable_page_dtor(pte);
- __free_page(pte);
-}
-
extern void ___pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *pte);

static inline void __pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct page *pte,
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
index 1f67b1e..44816ff 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -13,33 +13,17 @@ phys_addr_t physical_mask __ro_after_init = (1ULL << __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT) - 1;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(physical_mask);
#endif

-#define PGALLOC_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_ZERO)
-
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHPTE
-#define PGALLOC_USER_GFP __GFP_HIGHMEM
+#define PGTABLE_HIGHMEM __GFP_HIGHMEM
#else
-#define PGALLOC_USER_GFP 0
+#define PGTABLE_HIGHMEM 0
#endif

-gfp_t __userpte_alloc_gfp = PGALLOC_GFP | PGALLOC_USER_GFP;
-
-pte_t *pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm)
-{
- return (pte_t *)__get_free_page(PGALLOC_GFP & ~__GFP_ACCOUNT);
-}
+gfp_t __userpte_alloc_gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_USER | PGTABLE_HIGHMEM;

pgtable_t pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
- struct page *pte;
-
- pte = alloc_pages(__userpte_alloc_gfp, 0);
- if (!pte)
- return NULL;
- if (!pgtable_page_ctor(pte)) {
- __free_page(pte);
- return NULL;
- }
- return pte;
+ return __pte_alloc_one(mm, __userpte_alloc_gfp);
}

static int __init setup_userpte(char *arg)
@@ -235,7 +219,7 @@ static int preallocate_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmds[], int count)
{
int i;
bool failed = false;
- gfp_t gfp = PGALLOC_GFP;
+ gfp_t gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_USER;

if (mm == &init_mm)
gfp &= ~__GFP_ACCOUNT;
@@ -399,14 +383,14 @@ static inline pgd_t *_pgd_alloc(void)
* We allocate one page for pgd.
*/
if (!SHARED_KERNEL_PMD)
- return (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(PGALLOC_GFP,
+ return (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(GFP_PGTABLE_USER,
PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER);

/*
* Now PAE kernel is not running as a Xen domain. We can allocate
* a 32-byte slab for pgd to save memory space.
*/
- return kmem_cache_alloc(pgd_cache, PGALLOC_GFP);
+ return kmem_cache_alloc(pgd_cache, GFP_PGTABLE_USER);
}

static inline void _pgd_free(pgd_t *pgd)
@@ -424,7 +408,8 @@ void __init pgd_cache_init(void)

static inline pgd_t *_pgd_alloc(void)
{
- return (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(PGALLOC_GFP, PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER);
+ return (pgd_t *)__get_free_pages(GFP_PGTABLE_USER,
+ PGD_ALLOCATION_ORDER);
}

static inline void _pgd_free(pgd_t *pgd)
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/pgalloc.h b/include/asm-generic/pgalloc.h
index 948714c..8476175 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/pgalloc.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/pgalloc.h
@@ -1,13 +1,112 @@
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H
#define __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H
-/*
- * an empty file is enough for a nommu architecture
- */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
-#error need to implement an architecture specific asm/pgalloc.h
+
+#define GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO)
+#define GFP_PGTABLE_USER (GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL | __GFP_ACCOUNT)
+
+/**
+ * __pte_alloc_one_kernel - allocate a page for PTE-level kernel page table
+ * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context
+ *
+ * This function is intended for architectures that need
+ * anything beyond simple page allocation.
+ *
+ * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
+ */
+static inline pte_t *__pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ return (pte_t *)__get_free_page(GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL);
+}
+
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE_KERNEL
+/**
+ * pte_alloc_one_kernel - allocate a page for PTE-level kernel page table
+ * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context
+ *
+ * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error
+ */
+static inline pte_t *pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ return __pte_alloc_one_kernel(mm);
+}
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * pte_free_kernel - free PTE-level kernel page table page
+ * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context
+ * @pte: pointer to the memory containing the page table
+ */
+static inline void pte_free_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte)
+{
+ free_page((unsigned long)pte);
+}
+
+/**
+ * __pte_alloc_one - allocate a page for PTE-level user page table
+ * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context
+ * @gfp: GFP flags to use for the allocation
+ *
+ * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_page_ctor().
+ *
+ * This function is intended for architectures that need
+ * anything beyond simple page allocation or must have custom GFP flags.
+ *
+ * Return: `struct page` initialized as page table or %NULL on error
+ */
+static inline pgtable_t __pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ struct page *pte;
+
+ pte = alloc_page(gfp);
+ if (!pte)
+ return NULL;
+ if (!pgtable_page_ctor(pte)) {
+ __free_page(pte);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ return pte;
+}
+
+#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE
+/**
+ * pte_alloc_one - allocate a page for PTE-level user page table
+ * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context
+ *
+ * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_page_ctor().
+ *
+ * Return: `struct page` initialized as page table or %NULL on error
+ */
+static inline pgtable_t pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ return __pte_alloc_one(mm, GFP_PGTABLE_USER);
+}
#endif

+/*
+ * Should really implement gc for free page table pages. This could be
+ * done with a reference count in struct page.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * pte_free - free PTE-level user page table page
+ * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context
+ * @pte_page: the `struct page` representing the page table
+ */
+static inline void pte_free(struct mm_struct *mm, struct page *pte_page)
+{
+ pgtable_page_dtor(pte_page);
+ __free_page(pte_page);
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_MMU */
+
+/* This is enough for a nommu architecture */
#define check_pgt_cache() do { } while (0)

+#endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
+
#endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H */
--
2.7.4
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