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Subject[PATCH v3 03/16] iommu: Add I/O ASID allocator
Date
From: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>

Some devices might support multiple DMA address spaces, in particular
those that have the PCI PASID feature. PASID (Process Address Space ID)
allows to share process address spaces with devices (SVA), partition a
device into VM-assignable entities (VFIO mdev) or simply provide
multiple DMA address space to kernel drivers. Add a global PASID
allocator usable by different drivers at the same time. Name it I/O ASID
to avoid confusion with ASIDs allocated by arch code, which are usually
a separate ID space.

The IOASID space is global. Each device can have its own PASID space,
but by convention the IOMMU ended up having a global PASID space, so
that with SVA, each mm_struct is associated to a single PASID.

The allocator is primarily used by IOMMU subsystem but in rare occasions
drivers would like to allocate PASIDs for devices that aren't managed by
an IOMMU, using the same ID space as IOMMU.

Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
Link: https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/26/462
---
drivers/iommu/Kconfig | 6 +++
drivers/iommu/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/iommu/ioasid.c | 140 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/ioasid.h | 67 +++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 214 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/ioasid.h

diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
index 6f07f3b..75e7f97 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
@@ -2,6 +2,12 @@
config IOMMU_IOVA
tristate

+config IOASID
+ bool
+ help
+ Enable the I/O Address Space ID allocator. A single ID space shared
+ between different users.
+
# IOMMU_API always gets selected by whoever wants it.
config IOMMU_API
bool
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
index 8c71a15..0efac6f 100644
--- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_DMA) += dma-iommu.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE) += io-pgtable.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_ARMV7S) += io-pgtable-arm-v7s.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE) += io-pgtable-arm.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_IOASID) += ioasid.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IOVA) += iova.o
obj-$(CONFIG_OF_IOMMU) += of_iommu.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MSM_IOMMU) += msm_iommu.o
diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..99f5e0a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
@@ -0,0 +1,140 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * I/O Address Space ID allocator. There is one global IOASID space, split into
+ * subsets. Users create a subset with DECLARE_IOASID_SET, then allocate and
+ * free IOASIDs with ioasid_alloc and ioasid_free.
+ */
+#include <linux/xarray.h>
+#include <linux/ioasid.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+struct ioasid_data {
+ ioasid_t id;
+ struct ioasid_set *set;
+ void *private;
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+};
+
+static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_xa);
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_set_data - Set private data for an allocated ioasid
+ * @ioasid: the ID to set data
+ * @data: the private data
+ *
+ * For IOASID that is already allocated, private data can be set
+ * via this API. Future lookup can be done via ioasid_find.
+ */
+int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data)
+{
+ struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
+ if (ioasid_data)
+ ioasid_data->private = data;
+ else
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+
+ /* getter may use the private data */
+ synchronize_rcu();
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_set_data);
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_alloc - Allocate an IOASID
+ * @set: the IOASID set
+ * @min: the minimum ID (inclusive)
+ * @max: the maximum ID (inclusive)
+ * @private: data private to the caller
+ *
+ * Allocate an ID between @min and @max (or %0 and %INT_MAX). Return the
+ * allocated ID on success, or INVALID_IOASID on failure. The @private pointer
+ * is stored internally and can be retrieved with ioasid_find().
+ */
+ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
+ void *private)
+{
+ int id = INVALID_IOASID;
+ struct ioasid_data *data;
+
+ data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!data)
+ return INVALID_IOASID;
+
+ data->set = set;
+ data->private = private;
+
+ if (xa_alloc(&ioasid_xa, &id, data, XA_LIMIT(min, max), GFP_KERNEL)) {
+ pr_err("Failed to alloc ioasid from %d to %d\n", min, max);
+ goto exit_free;
+ }
+ data->id = id;
+
+exit_free:
+ if (id < 0 || id == INVALID_IOASID) {
+ kfree(data);
+ return INVALID_IOASID;
+ }
+ return id;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_alloc);
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_free - Free an IOASID
+ * @ioasid: the ID to remove
+ */
+void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
+{
+ struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
+
+ ioasid_data = xa_erase(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
+
+ kfree_rcu(ioasid_data, rcu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
+
+/**
+ * ioasid_find - Find IOASID data
+ * @set: the IOASID set
+ * @ioasid: the IOASID to find
+ * @getter: function to call on the found object
+ *
+ * The optional getter function allows to take a reference to the found object
+ * under the rcu lock. The function can also check if the object is still valid:
+ * if @getter returns false, then the object is invalid and NULL is returned.
+ *
+ * If the IOASID has been allocated for this set, return the private pointer
+ * passed to ioasid_alloc. Private data can be NULL if not set. Return an error
+ * if the IOASID is not found or not belong to the set.
+ */
+void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
+ bool (*getter)(void *))
+{
+ void *priv = NULL;
+ struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
+ if (!ioasid_data) {
+ priv = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ if (set && ioasid_data->set != set) {
+ /* data found but does not belong to the set */
+ priv = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ /* Now IOASID and its set is verified, we can return the private data */
+ priv = ioasid_data->private;
+ if (getter && !getter(priv))
+ priv = NULL;
+unlock:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ return priv;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_find);
diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..41de5e4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
@@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __LINUX_IOASID_H
+#define __LINUX_IOASID_H
+
+#define INVALID_IOASID ((ioasid_t)-1)
+typedef unsigned int ioasid_t;
+typedef int (*ioasid_iter_t)(ioasid_t ioasid, void *private, void *data);
+typedef ioasid_t (*ioasid_alloc_fn_t)(ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max, void *data);
+typedef void (*ioasid_free_fn_t)(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);
+
+struct ioasid_set {
+ int dummy;
+};
+
+struct ioasid_allocator {
+ ioasid_alloc_fn_t alloc;
+ ioasid_free_fn_t free;
+ void *pdata;
+ struct list_head list;
+};
+
+#define DECLARE_IOASID_SET(name) struct ioasid_set name = { 0 }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_IOASID
+ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
+ void *private);
+void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);
+
+void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
+ bool (*getter)(void *));
+int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator);
+void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator);
+
+int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_IOASID */
+static inline ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min,
+ ioasid_t max, void *private)
+{
+ return INVALID_IOASID;
+}
+
+static inline void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
+ bool (*getter)(void *))
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+static inline int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator)
+{
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+static inline void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator)
+{
+}
+
+static inline int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data)
+{
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_IOASID */
+#endif /* __LINUX_IOASID_H */
--
2.7.4
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