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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 04/16] ioasid: Add custom IOASID allocator
On Tue, 21 May 2019 11:55:55 +0200
Auger Eric <eric.auger@redhat.com> wrote:

> Hi Jacob,
>
> On 5/4/19 12:32 AM, Jacob Pan wrote:
> > Sometimes, IOASID allocation must be handled by platform specific
> > code. The use cases are guest vIOMMU and pvIOMMU where IOASIDs need
> > to be allocated by the host via enlightened or paravirt interfaces.
> >
> > This patch adds an extension to the IOASID allocator APIs such that
> > platform drivers can register a custom allocator, possibly at boot
> > time, to take over the allocation. Xarray is still used for tracking
> > and searching purposes internal to the IOASID code. Private data of
> > an IOASID can also be set after the allocation.
> >
> > There can be multiple custom allocators registered but only one is
> > used at a time. In case of hot removal of devices that provides the
> > allocator, all IOASIDs must be freed prior to unregistering the
> > allocator. Default XArray based allocator cannot be mixed with
> > custom allocators, i.e. custom allocators will not be used if there
> > are outstanding IOASIDs allocated by the default XA allocator.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/ioasid.c | 125
> > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 1 file changed,
> > 125 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> > index 99f5e0a..ed2915a 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
> > @@ -17,6 +17,100 @@ struct ioasid_data {
> > };
> >
> > static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_xa);
> > +static DEFINE_MUTEX(ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +static struct ioasid_allocator *active_custom_allocator;
> > +
> > +static LIST_HEAD(custom_allocators);
> > +/*
> > + * A flag to track if ioasid default allocator is in use, this will
> > + * prevent custom allocator from being used. The reason is that
> > custom allocator
> > + * must have unadulterated space to track private data with
> > xarray, there cannot
> > + * be a mix been default and custom allocated IOASIDs.
> > + */
> > +static int default_allocator_active;
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * ioasid_register_allocator - register a custom allocator
> > + * @allocator: the custom allocator to be registered
> > + *
> > + * Custom allocators take precedence over the default xarray based
> > allocator.
> > + * Private data associated with the ASID are managed by ASID
> > common code
> > + * similar to data stored in xa.
> > + *
> > + * There can be multiple allocators registered but only one is
> > active. In case
> > + * of runtime removal of a custom allocator, the next one is
> > activated based
> > + * on the registration ordering.
> > + */
> > +int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator)
> > +{
> > + struct ioasid_allocator *pallocator;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + if (!allocator)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> is it really necessary? Sin't it the caller responsibility?
makes sense. will remove this one and below.
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + /*
> > + * No particular preference since all custom allocators
> > end up calling
> > + * the host to allocate IOASIDs. We activate the first one
> > and keep
> > + * the later registered allocators in a list in case the
> > first one gets
> > + * removed due to hotplug.
> > + */
> > + if (list_empty(&custom_allocators))
> > + active_custom_allocator = allocator;> +
> > else {
> > + /* Check if the allocator is already registered */
> > + list_for_each_entry(pallocator,
> > &custom_allocators, list) {
> > + if (pallocator == allocator) {
> > + pr_err("IOASID allocator already
> > registered\n");
> > + ret = -EEXIST;
> > + goto out_unlock;
> > + }
> > + }
> > + }
> > + list_add_tail(&allocator->list, &custom_allocators);
> > +
> > +out_unlock:
> > + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_register_allocator);
> > +
> > +/**
> > + * ioasid_unregister_allocator - Remove a custom IOASID allocator
> > + * @allocator: the custom allocator to be removed
> > + *
> > + * Remove an allocator from the list, activate the next allocator
> > in
> > + * the order it was registered.
> > + */
> > +void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator
> > *allocator) +{
> > + if (!allocator)
> > + return;
> is it really necessary?
> > +
> > + if (list_empty(&custom_allocators)) {
> > + pr_warn("No custom IOASID allocators active!\n");
> > + return;
> > + }
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + list_del(&allocator->list);
> > + if (list_empty(&custom_allocators)) {
> > + pr_info("No custom IOASID allocators\n")>
> > + /*
> > + * All IOASIDs should have been freed before the
> > last custom
> > + * allocator is unregistered. Unless default
> > allocator is in
> > + * use.
> > + */
> > + BUG_ON(!xa_empty(&ioasid_xa)
> > && !default_allocator_active);
> > + active_custom_allocator = NULL;
> > + } else if (allocator == active_custom_allocator) {
> In case you are removing the active custom allocator don't you also
> need to check that all ioasids were freed. Otherwise you are likely
> to switch to a different allocator whereas the asid space is
> partially populated.
The assumption is that all custom allocators on the same guest will end
up calling the same host allocator. Having multiple custom allocators in
the list is just a way to support multiple (p)vIOMMUs with hotplug.
Therefore, we cannot nor need to free all PASIDs when one custom
allocator goes away. This is a different situation then switching
between default allocator and custom allocator, where custom allocator
has to start with a clean space.


> > + active_custom_allocator =
> > list_entry(&custom_allocators, struct ioasid_allocator, list);
> > + pr_info("IOASID allocator changed");
> > + }
> > + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_unregister_allocator);
> >
> > /**
> > * ioasid_set_data - Set private data for an allocated ioasid
> > @@ -68,6 +162,29 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set,
> > ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max, data->set = set;
> > data->private = private;
> >
> > + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + /*
> > + * Use custom allocator if available, otherwise use
> > default.
> > + * However, if there are active IOASIDs already been
> > allocated by default
> > + * allocator, custom allocator cannot be used.
> > + */
> > + if (!default_allocator_active && active_custom_allocator) {
> > + id = active_custom_allocator->alloc(min, max,
> > active_custom_allocator->pdata);
> > + if (id == INVALID_IOASID) {
> > + pr_err("Failed ASID allocation by custom
> > allocator\n");
> > + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + goto exit_free;
> > + }
> > + /*
> > + * Use XA to manage private data also sanitiy
> > check custom
> > + * allocator for duplicates.
> > + */
> > + min = id;
> > + max = id + 1;
> > + } else
> > + default_allocator_active = 1;
> nit: true?
yes, i can turn default_allocator_active into a bool type.

> > + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +
> > if (xa_alloc(&ioasid_xa, &id, data, XA_LIMIT(min, max),
> > GFP_KERNEL)) { pr_err("Failed to alloc ioasid from %d to %d\n",
> > min, max); goto exit_free;> @@ -91,9 +208,17 @@ void
> > ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid) {
> > struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
> >
> > + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > + if (active_custom_allocator)
> > + active_custom_allocator->free(ioasid,
> > active_custom_allocator->pdata);
> > + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
> > +
> > ioasid_data = xa_erase(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
> >
> > kfree_rcu(ioasid_data, rcu);
> > +
> > + if (xa_empty(&ioasid_xa))
> > + default_allocator_active = 0;
> Isn't it racy? what if an xa_alloc occurs inbetween?
>
>
yes, i will move it under the mutex. Thanks.
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
> >
> >
>
> Thanks
>
> Eric

[Jacob Pan]

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