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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 03/16] iommu: Add I/O ASID allocator
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On 21/05/2019 18:03, Jacob Pan wrote:
> On Tue, 21 May 2019 10:21:55 +0200
> Auger Eric <eric.auger@redhat.com> wrote:
>>> +config IOASID
>>> + bool
>> don't we want a tristate here too?
>>
>> Also refering to the past discussions we could add "# The IOASID
>> library may also be used by non-IOMMU_API users"
> I agree. For device driver modules to use ioasid w/o iommu, this does
> not have to be built-in.
> Jean, would you agree?

Yes we can make it tristate. There is a couple of things missing to
build it as a module:
* Add MODULE_LICENSE("GPL") to ioasid.c
* Use #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IOASID) in ioasid.h rather than #ifdef
CONFIG_IOASID

>>> + help
>>> + Enable the I/O Address Space ID allocator. A single ID
>>> space shared
>>> + between different users.
>>> +
>>> # IOMMU_API always gets selected by whoever wants it.
>>> config IOMMU_API
>>> bool
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Makefile b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
>>> index 8c71a15..0efac6f 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/iommu/Makefile
>>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Makefile
>>> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_DMA) += dma-iommu.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE) += io-pgtable.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_ARMV7S) += io-pgtable-arm-v7s.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE) += io-pgtable-arm.o
>>> +obj-$(CONFIG_IOASID) += ioasid.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_IOVA) += iova.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_OF_IOMMU) += of_iommu.o
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_MSM_IOMMU) += msm_iommu.o
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..99f5e0a
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/ioasid.c
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,140 @@
>>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>>> +/*
>>> + * I/O Address Space ID allocator. There is one global IOASID
>>> space, split into
>>> + * subsets. Users create a subset with DECLARE_IOASID_SET, then
>>> allocate and
>>> + * free IOASIDs with ioasid_alloc and ioasid_free.
>>> + */
>>> +#include <linux/xarray.h>
>>> +#include <linux/ioasid.h>
>>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>>> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>

nit: sort alphabetically

>>> +
>>> +struct ioasid_data {
>>> + ioasid_t id;
>>> + struct ioasid_set *set;
>>> + void *private;
>>> + struct rcu_head rcu;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_xa);
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * ioasid_set_data - Set private data for an allocated ioasid
>>> + * @ioasid: the ID to set data
>>> + * @data: the private data
>>> + *
>>> + * For IOASID that is already allocated, private data can be set
>>> + * via this API. Future lookup can be done via ioasid_find.
>>> + */
>>> +int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data)
>>> +{
>>> + struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> +
>>> + ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
>>> + if (ioasid_data)
>>> + ioasid_data->private = data;

I think we might be in trouble if this function runs concurrently with
ioasid_free(). ioasid_data may be freed between xa_load() and this
assignment. It's probably not a valid use at the moment but we might as
well make this code robust (or describe the constraints of
ioasid_set_data() in the comment).

I'm still uneasy about this, but I think we need the following sequence:

xa_lock();
ioasid_data = xa_load()
if (ioasid_data)
rcu_assign_pointer(ioasid_data->private, data);
else
ret = -ENOENT;
xa_unlock();

>>> + else
>>> + ret = -ENOENT;
>>> +
>>> + /* getter may use the private data */
>>> + synchronize_rcu();

If I understand correctly, this allows our caller to safely free the old
data, if any? Is there any other reason to have a synchronize_rcu()?
Otherwise the comment could be more precise:

/* Wait for readers to stop accessing the old private data so the caller
can free it. */

>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_set_data);
[...]
>>> +void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
>>> + bool (*getter)(void *))
>>> +{
>>> + void *priv = NULL;
>>> + struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
>>> +
>>> + rcu_read_lock();
>>> + ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
>>> + if (!ioasid_data) {
>>> + priv = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
>>> + goto unlock;
>>> + }
>>> + if (set && ioasid_data->set != set) {
>>> + /* data found but does not belong to the set */
>>> + priv = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
>>> + goto unlock;
>>> + }
>>> + /* Now IOASID and its set is verified, we can return the
>>> private data */
>>> + priv = ioasid_data->private;

And here, I suppose we need:

priv = rcu_dereference(ioasid_data->private);

Thanks,
Jean

>>> + if (getter && !getter(priv))
>>> + priv = NULL;
>>> +unlock:
>>> + rcu_read_unlock();
>>> +
>>> + return priv;
>>> +}

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