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SubjectRe: [PATCH 04/12] mips: Reserve memory for the kernel image resources
Hello Geert, Mike

On Tue, May 21, 2019 at 06:53:10PM +0300, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> Hi Geert,
>
> On Tue, May 21, 2019 at 04:56:39PM +0200, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> > Hi Serge,
> >
> > On Wed, Apr 24, 2019 at 12:50 AM Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@gmail.com> wrote:
> > > The reserved_end variable had been used by the bootmem_init() code
> > > to find a lowest limit of memory available for memmap blob. The original
> > > code just tried to find a free memory space higher than kernel was placed.
> > > This limitation seems justified for the memmap ragion search process, but
> > > I can't see any obvious reason to reserve the unused space below kernel
> > > seeing some platforms place it much higher than standard 1MB. Moreover
> > > the RELOCATION config enables it to be loaded at any memory address.
> > > So lets reserve the memory occupied by the kernel only, leaving the region
> > > below being free for allocations. After doing this we can now discard the
> > > code freeing a space between kernel _text and VMLINUX_LOAD_ADDRESS symbols
> > > since it's going to be free anyway (unless marked as reserved by
> > > platforms).
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@gmail.com>
> >
> > This is now commit b93ddc4f9156205e ("mips: Reserve memory for the kernel
> > image resources") in v5.2-rc1, which causes rbtx4927 to crash during boot:
> >
> > VFS: Mounted root (nfs filesystem) on device 0:13.
> > devtmpfs: mounted
> > BUG: Bad page state in process swapper pfn:00001
> > page:804b7820 refcount:0 mapcount:-128 mapping:00000000 index:0x1
> > flags: 0x0()
> > raw: 00000000 00000100 00000200 00000000 00000001 00000000 ffffff7f 00000000
> > page dumped because: nonzero mapcount
> > Modules linked in:
> > CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper Not tainted
> > 5.2.0-rc1-rbtx4927-00468-g3c05ea3d4077b756-dirty #137
> > Stack : 00000000 10008400 8040dd2c 87c1b974 8044af63 8040dd2c
> > 00000001 804a3490
> > 00000001 81000000 0030f231 80148558 00000003 10008400
> > 87c1dd80 7599ee13
> > 00000000 00000000 804b0000 00000000 00000007 00000000
> > 00000085 00000000
> > 62722d31 00000084 804b0000 39347874 00000000 804b7820
> > 8040cef8 81000010
> > 00000001 00000007 00000001 81000000 00000008 8021de24
> > 00000000 804a0000
> > ...
> > Call Trace:
> > [<8010adec>] show_stack+0x74/0x104
> > [<801a5e44>] bad_page+0x130/0x138
> > [<801a654c>] free_pcppages_bulk+0x17c/0x3b0
> > [<801a789c>] free_unref_page+0x40/0x68
> > [<801120f4>] free_init_pages+0xec/0x104
> > [<803bdde8>] free_initmem+0x10/0x58
> > [<803bdb8c>] kernel_init+0x20/0x100
> > [<801057c8>] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x14/0x1c
> > Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint
> > BUG: Bad page state in process swapper pfn:00002
> > [...]
> >

The root cause of the problem most likely is in prom_free_prom_memory() method of
arch/mips/txx9/generic/setup.c:
void __init prom_free_prom_memory(void)
{
unsigned long saddr = PAGE_SIZE;
unsigned long eaddr = __pa_symbol(&_text);

if (saddr < eaddr)
free_init_pages("prom memory", saddr, eaddr);
}

As you can see the txx9 platform tries to free a memory which isn't reserved
and set free from the very beginning due to the patch above. So as soon as you
remove the free_init_pages("prom memory", ...) the problem shall be fixed.
Could you try it and send a result to us whether it helped?

Regards,
-Sergey

> > CONFIG_RELOCATABLE is not set, so the only relevant part is the
> > change quoted below.
> >
> > > --- a/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c
> > > +++ b/arch/mips/kernel/setup.c
> > > @@ -371,7 +371,6 @@ static void __init bootmem_init(void)
> > >
> > > static void __init bootmem_init(void)
> > > {
> > > - unsigned long reserved_end;
> > > phys_addr_t ramstart = PHYS_ADDR_MAX;
> > > int i;
> > >
> > > @@ -382,10 +381,10 @@ static void __init bootmem_init(void)
> > > * will reserve the area used for the initrd.
> > > */
> > > init_initrd();
> > > - reserved_end = (unsigned long) PFN_UP(__pa_symbol(&_end));
> > >
> > > - memblock_reserve(PHYS_OFFSET,
> > > - (reserved_end << PAGE_SHIFT) - PHYS_OFFSET);
> > > + /* Reserve memory occupied by kernel. */
> > > + memblock_reserve(__pa_symbol(&_text),
> > > + __pa_symbol(&_end) - __pa_symbol(&_text));
> > >
> > > /*
> > > * max_low_pfn is not a number of pages. The number of pages
> >
> > With some debug code added:
> >
> > Determined physical RAM map:
> > memory: 08000000 @ 00000000 (usable)
> > bootmem_init:390: PHYS_OFFSET = 0x0
> > bootmem_init:391: __pa_symbol(&_text) = 0x100000
> > bootmem_init:392: __pa_symbol(&_end) = 0x4b77c8
> > bootmem_init:393: PFN_UP(__pa_symbol(&_end)) = 0x4b8
>
> Have you tried adding memblock=debug to the command line?
> Not sure it'll help, but still :)
>
> > Hence the old code reserved 1 MiB extra at the beginning.
> >
> > Note that the new code also dropped the rounding up of the memory block
> > size to a multiple of PAGE_SIZE. I'm not sure the latter actually
> > matters or not.
>
> I'd say that bad page state for pfn 1 is caused by "freeing" the first 1M.
>
> > Do you have a clue? Thanks!
> >
> > Gr{oetje,eeting}s,
> >
> > Geert
> >
> > --
> > Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@linux-m68k.org
> >
> > In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
> > when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
> > -- Linus Torvalds
> >
>
> --
> Sincerely yours,
> Mike.
>

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