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SubjectRe: [RFC 5/7] mm: introduce external memory hinting API
On Tue, May 21, 2019 at 11:01:01AM +0200, Christian Brauner wrote:
> Cc: Jann and Oleg too
>
> On Mon, May 20, 2019 at 12:52:52PM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > There is some usecase that centralized userspace daemon want to give
> > a memory hint like MADV_[COOL|COLD] to other process. Android's
> > ActivityManagerService is one of them.
> >
> > It's similar in spirit to madvise(MADV_WONTNEED), but the information
> > required to make the reclaim decision is not known to the app. Instead,
> > it is known to the centralized userspace daemon(ActivityManagerService),
> > and that daemon must be able to initiate reclaim on its own without
> > any app involvement.
> >
> > To solve the issue, this patch introduces new syscall process_madvise(2)
> > which works based on pidfd so it could give a hint to the exeternal
> > process.
> >
> > int process_madvise(int pidfd, void *addr, size_t length, int advise);
> >
> > All advises madvise provides can be supported in process_madvise, too.
> > Since it could affect other process's address range, only privileged
> > process(CAP_SYS_PTRACE) or something else(e.g., being the same UID)
> > gives it the right to ptrrace the process could use it successfully.
> >
> > Please suggest better idea if you have other idea about the permission.
> >
> > * from v1r1
> > * use ptrace capability - surenb, dancol
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> > ---
> > arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1 +
> > arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1 +
> > include/linux/proc_fs.h | 1 +
> > include/linux/syscalls.h | 2 ++
> > include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h | 2 ++
> > kernel/signal.c | 2 +-
> > kernel/sys_ni.c | 1 +
> > mm/madvise.c | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 8 files changed, 54 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> > index 4cd5f982b1e5..5b9dd55d6b57 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> > +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> > @@ -438,3 +438,4 @@
> > 425 i386 io_uring_setup sys_io_uring_setup __ia32_sys_io_uring_setup
> > 426 i386 io_uring_enter sys_io_uring_enter __ia32_sys_io_uring_enter
> > 427 i386 io_uring_register sys_io_uring_register __ia32_sys_io_uring_register
> > +428 i386 process_madvise sys_process_madvise __ia32_sys_process_madvise
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> > index 64ca0d06259a..0e5ee78161c9 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> > +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> > @@ -355,6 +355,7 @@
> > 425 common io_uring_setup __x64_sys_io_uring_setup
> > 426 common io_uring_enter __x64_sys_io_uring_enter
> > 427 common io_uring_register __x64_sys_io_uring_register
> > +428 common process_madvise __x64_sys_process_madvise
> >
> > #
> > # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
> > diff --git a/include/linux/proc_fs.h b/include/linux/proc_fs.h
> > index 52a283ba0465..f8545d7c5218 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/proc_fs.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/proc_fs.h
> > @@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ static inline struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file)
> >
> > #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
> >
> > +extern struct pid *pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file);
> > struct net;
> >
> > static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_mkdir(
> > diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> > index e2870fe1be5b..21c6c9a62006 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> > @@ -872,6 +872,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_munlockall(void);
> > asmlinkage long sys_mincore(unsigned long start, size_t len,
> > unsigned char __user * vec);
> > asmlinkage long sys_madvise(unsigned long start, size_t len, int behavior);
> > +asmlinkage long sys_process_madvise(int pid_fd, unsigned long start,
> > + size_t len, int behavior);
> > asmlinkage long sys_remap_file_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long size,
> > unsigned long prot, unsigned long pgoff,
> > unsigned long flags);
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> > index dee7292e1df6..7ee82ce04620 100644
> > --- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> > +++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> > @@ -832,6 +832,8 @@ __SYSCALL(__NR_io_uring_setup, sys_io_uring_setup)
> > __SYSCALL(__NR_io_uring_enter, sys_io_uring_enter)
> > #define __NR_io_uring_register 427
> > __SYSCALL(__NR_io_uring_register, sys_io_uring_register)
> > +#define __NR_process_madvise 428
> > +__SYSCALL(__NR_process_madvise, sys_process_madvise)
> >
> > #undef __NR_syscalls
> > #define __NR_syscalls 428
> > diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
> > index 1c86b78a7597..04e75daab1f8 100644
> > --- a/kernel/signal.c
> > +++ b/kernel/signal.c
> > @@ -3620,7 +3620,7 @@ static int copy_siginfo_from_user_any(kernel_siginfo_t *kinfo, siginfo_t *info)
> > return copy_siginfo_from_user(kinfo, info);
> > }
> >
> > -static struct pid *pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file)
> > +struct pid *pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file)
> > {
> > if (file->f_op == &pidfd_fops)
> > return file->private_data;
> > diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
> > index 4d9ae5ea6caf..5277421795ab 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
> > @@ -278,6 +278,7 @@ COND_SYSCALL(mlockall);
> > COND_SYSCALL(munlockall);
> > COND_SYSCALL(mincore);
> > COND_SYSCALL(madvise);
> > +COND_SYSCALL(process_madvise);
> > COND_SYSCALL(remap_file_pages);
> > COND_SYSCALL(mbind);
> > COND_SYSCALL_COMPAT(mbind);
> > diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
> > index 119e82e1f065..af02aa17e5c1 100644
> > --- a/mm/madvise.c
> > +++ b/mm/madvise.c
> > @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
> > #include <linux/mman.h>
> > #include <linux/pagemap.h>
> > #include <linux/page_idle.h>
> > +#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
> > #include <linux/syscalls.h>
> > #include <linux/mempolicy.h>
> > #include <linux/page-isolation.h>
> > @@ -16,6 +17,7 @@
> > #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
> > #include <linux/falloc.h>
> > #include <linux/sched.h>
> > +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
> > #include <linux/ksm.h>
> > #include <linux/fs.h>
> > #include <linux/file.h>
> > @@ -1140,3 +1142,46 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(madvise, unsigned long, start, size_t, len_in, int, behavior)
> > {
> > return madvise_core(current, start, len_in, behavior);
> > }
> > +
> > +SYSCALL_DEFINE4(process_madvise, int, pidfd, unsigned long, start,
> > + size_t, len_in, int, behavior)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > + struct fd f;
> > + struct pid *pid;
> > + struct task_struct *tsk;
> > + struct mm_struct *mm;
> > +
> > + f = fdget(pidfd);
> > + if (!f.file)
> > + return -EBADF;
> > +
> > + pid = pidfd_to_pid(f.file);
>
> pidfd_to_pid() should not be directly exported since this allows
> /proc/<pid> fds to be used too. That's something we won't be going
> forward with. All new syscalls should only allow to operate on pidfds
> created through CLONE_PIDFD or pidfd_open() (cf. [1]).

Thanks for the information.

>
> So e.g. please export a simple helper like
>
> struct pid *pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file)
> {
> if (file->f_op == &pidfd_fops)
> return file->private_data;
>
> return NULL;
> }
>
> turning the old pidfd_to_pid() into something like:
>
> static struct pid *__fd_to_pid(const struct file *file)
> {
> struct pid *pid;
>
> pid = pidfd_to_pid(file);
> if (pid)
> return pid;
>
> return tgid_pidfd_to_pid(file);
> }

So, I want to clarify what you suggest here.

1. modify pidfd_to_pid as what you described above(ie, return NULL
instead of returning tgid_pidfd_to_pid(file);
2. never export pidfd_to_pid
3. create wrapper __fd_to_pid which calls pidfd_to_pid internally
4. export __fd_to_pid and use it

Correct?

Thanks.

>
> All new syscalls should only be using anon inode pidfds since they can
> actually have a clean security model built around them in the future.
> Note, pidfd_open() will be sent out together with making pidfds pollable
> for the 5.3 merge window.
>
> [1]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190520155630.21684-1-christian@brauner.io/
>
> Thanks!
> Christian

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