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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kernel.h: Add non_block_start/end()
On Tue 21-05-19 12:06:11, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> In some special cases we must not block, but there's not a
> spinlock, preempt-off, irqs-off or similar critical section already
> that arms the might_sleep() debug checks. Add a non_block_start/end()
> pair to annotate these.
>
> This will be used in the oom paths of mmu-notifiers, where blocking is
> not allowed to make sure there's forward progress. Quoting Michal:
>
> "The notifier is called from quite a restricted context - oom_reaper -
> which shouldn't depend on any locks or sleepable conditionals. The code
> should be swift as well but we mostly do care about it to make a forward
> progress. Checking for sleepable context is the best thing we could come
> up with that would describe these demands at least partially."
>
> Peter also asked whether we want to catch spinlocks on top, but Michal
> said those are less of a problem because spinlocks can't have an
> indirect dependency upon the page allocator and hence close the loop
> with the oom reaper.
>
> Suggested by Michal Hocko.
>
> v2:
> - Improve commit message (Michal)
> - Also check in schedule, not just might_sleep (Peter)
>
> v3: It works better when I actually squash in the fixup I had lying
> around :-/
>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
> Cc: "Christian König" <christian.koenig@amd.com>
> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
> Cc: "Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com>
> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> Cc: Wei Wang <wvw@google.com>
> Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
> Cc: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Acked-by: Christian König <christian.koenig@amd.com> (v1)
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@intel.com>

I like this in general. The implementation looks reasonable to me but I
didn't check deeply enough to give my R-by or A-by.

> ---
> include/linux/kernel.h | 10 +++++++++-
> include/linux/sched.h | 4 ++++
> kernel/sched/core.c | 19 ++++++++++++++-----
> 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
> index 74b1ee9027f5..b5f2c2ff0eab 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kernel.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
> @@ -214,7 +214,9 @@ extern void __cant_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset);
> * might_sleep - annotation for functions that can sleep
> *
> * this macro will print a stack trace if it is executed in an atomic
> - * context (spinlock, irq-handler, ...).
> + * context (spinlock, irq-handler, ...). Additional sections where blocking is
> + * not allowed can be annotated with non_block_start() and non_block_end()
> + * pairs.
> *
> * This is a useful debugging help to be able to catch problems early and not
> * be bitten later when the calling function happens to sleep when it is not
> @@ -230,6 +232,10 @@ extern void __cant_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset);
> # define cant_sleep() \
> do { __cant_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); } while (0)
> # define sched_annotate_sleep() (current->task_state_change = 0)
> +# define non_block_start() \
> + do { current->non_block_count++; } while (0)
> +# define non_block_end() \
> + do { WARN_ON(current->non_block_count-- == 0); } while (0)
> #else
> static inline void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line,
> int preempt_offset) { }
> @@ -238,6 +244,8 @@ extern void __cant_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset);
> # define might_sleep() do { might_resched(); } while (0)
> # define cant_sleep() do { } while (0)
> # define sched_annotate_sleep() do { } while (0)
> +# define non_block_start() do { } while (0)
> +# define non_block_end() do { } while (0)
> #endif
>
> #define might_sleep_if(cond) do { if (cond) might_sleep(); } while (0)
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index 11837410690f..7f5b293e72df 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -908,6 +908,10 @@ struct task_struct {
> struct mutex_waiter *blocked_on;
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP
> + int non_block_count;
> +#endif
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
> unsigned int irq_events;
> unsigned long hardirq_enable_ip;
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 102dfcf0a29a..ed7755a28465 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -3264,13 +3264,22 @@ static noinline void __schedule_bug(struct task_struct *prev)
> /*
> * Various schedule()-time debugging checks and statistics:
> */
> -static inline void schedule_debug(struct task_struct *prev)
> +static inline void schedule_debug(struct task_struct *prev, bool preempt)
> {
> #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_STACK_END_CHECK
> if (task_stack_end_corrupted(prev))
> panic("corrupted stack end detected inside scheduler\n");
> #endif
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP
> + if (!preempt && prev->state && prev->non_block_count) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "BUG: scheduling in a non-blocking section: %s/%d/%i\n",
> + prev->comm, prev->pid, prev->non_block_count);
> + dump_stack();
> + add_taint(TAINT_WARN, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
> + }
> +#endif
> +
> if (unlikely(in_atomic_preempt_off())) {
> __schedule_bug(prev);
> preempt_count_set(PREEMPT_DISABLED);
> @@ -3377,7 +3386,7 @@ static void __sched notrace __schedule(bool preempt)
> rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
> prev = rq->curr;
>
> - schedule_debug(prev);
> + schedule_debug(prev, preempt);
>
> if (sched_feat(HRTICK))
> hrtick_clear(rq);
> @@ -6102,7 +6111,7 @@ void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset)
> rcu_sleep_check();
>
> if ((preempt_count_equals(preempt_offset) && !irqs_disabled() &&
> - !is_idle_task(current)) ||
> + !is_idle_task(current) && !current->non_block_count) ||
> system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING || system_state > SYSTEM_RUNNING ||
> oops_in_progress)
> return;
> @@ -6118,8 +6127,8 @@ void ___might_sleep(const char *file, int line, int preempt_offset)
> "BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at %s:%d\n",
> file, line);
> printk(KERN_ERR
> - "in_atomic(): %d, irqs_disabled(): %d, pid: %d, name: %s\n",
> - in_atomic(), irqs_disabled(),
> + "in_atomic(): %d, irqs_disabled(): %d, non_block: %d, pid: %d, name: %s\n",
> + in_atomic(), irqs_disabled(), current->non_block_count,
> current->pid, current->comm);
>
> if (task_stack_end_corrupted(current))
> --
> 2.20.1
>

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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