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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 3/7] drivers/soc: xdma: Add user interface


On Tue, 21 May 2019, at 05:49, Eddie James wrote:
> This commits adds a miscdevice to provide a user interface to the XDMA
> engine. The interface provides the write operation to start DMA
> operations. The DMA parameters are passed as the data to the write call.
> The actual data to transfer is NOT passed through write. Note that both
> directions of DMA operation are accomplished through the write command;
> BMC to host and host to BMC.
>
> The XDMA engine is restricted to only accessing the reserved memory
> space on the AST2500, typically used by the VGA. For this reason, this
> commit also adds a simple memory manager for this reserved memory space
> which can then be allocated in pages by users calling mmap. The space
> allocated by a client will be the space used in the DMA operation. For
> an "upstream" (BMC to host) operation, the data in the client's area
> will be transferred to the host. For a "downstream" (host to BMC)
> operation, the host data will be placed in the client's memory area.

Did you explore genalloc as a solution for allocating out of the VGA reserved
memory? Wondering if we can avoid implementing a custom allocator (even if
it is simple).

Andrew

>
> Poll is also provided in order to determine when the DMA operation is
> complete for non-blocking IO.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> drivers/soc/aspeed/aspeed-xdma.c | 301 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 301 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/soc/aspeed/aspeed-xdma.c b/drivers/soc/aspeed/aspeed-xdma.c
> index 0992d2a..2162ca0 100644
> --- a/drivers/soc/aspeed/aspeed-xdma.c
> +++ b/drivers/soc/aspeed/aspeed-xdma.c
> @@ -118,6 +118,12 @@ struct aspeed_xdma_cmd {
> u32 resv1;
> };
>
> +struct aspeed_xdma_vga_blk {
> + u32 phys;
> + u32 size;
> + struct list_head list;
> +};
> +
> struct aspeed_xdma_client;
>
> struct aspeed_xdma {
> @@ -128,6 +134,8 @@ struct aspeed_xdma {
>
> unsigned long flags;
> unsigned int cmd_idx;
> + struct mutex list_lock;
> + struct mutex start_lock;
> wait_queue_head_t wait;
> struct aspeed_xdma_client *current_client;
>
> @@ -136,6 +144,9 @@ struct aspeed_xdma {
> dma_addr_t vga_dma;
> void *cmdq;
> void *vga_virt;
> + struct list_head vga_blks_free;
> +
> + struct miscdevice misc;
> };
>
> struct aspeed_xdma_client {
> @@ -325,6 +336,260 @@ static irqreturn_t aspeed_xdma_irq(int irq, void *arg)
> return IRQ_HANDLED;
> }
>
> +static u32 aspeed_xdma_alloc_vga_blk(struct aspeed_xdma *ctx, u32 req_size)
> +{
> + u32 phys = 0;
> + u32 size = PAGE_ALIGN(req_size);
> + struct aspeed_xdma_vga_blk *free;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ctx->list_lock);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(free, &ctx->vga_blks_free, list) {
> + if (free->size >= size) {
> + phys = free->phys;
> +
> + if (size == free->size) {
> + dev_dbg(ctx->dev,
> + "Allocd %08x[%08x r(%08x)], del.\n",
> + phys, size, req_size);
> + list_del(&free->list);
> + kfree(free);
> + } else {
> + free->phys += size;
> + free->size -= size;
> + dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "Allocd %08x[%08x r(%08x)], "
> + "shrunk %08x[%08x].\n", phys, size,
> + req_size, free->phys, free->size);
> + }
> +
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&ctx->list_lock);
> +
> + return phys;
> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_xdma_free_vga_blk(struct aspeed_xdma *ctx, u32 phys,
> + u32 req_size)
> +{
> + u32 min_free = UINT_MAX;
> + u32 size = PAGE_ALIGN(req_size);
> + const u32 end = phys + size;
> + struct aspeed_xdma_vga_blk *free;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&ctx->list_lock);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(free, &ctx->vga_blks_free, list) {
> + if (end == free->phys) {
> + u32 fend = free->phys + free->size;
> +
> + dev_dbg(ctx->dev,
> + "Freed %08x[%08x r(%08x)], exp %08x[%08x].\n",
> + phys, size, req_size, free->phys, free->size);
> +
> + free->phys = phys;
> + free->size = fend - free->phys;
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&ctx->list_lock);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + if (free->phys < min_free)
> + min_free = free->phys;
> + }
> +
> + free = kzalloc(sizeof(*free), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (free) {
> + free->phys = phys;
> + free->size = size;
> +
> + dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "Freed %08x[%08x r(%08x)], new.\n", phys,
> + size, req_size);
> +
> + if (phys < min_free)
> + list_add(&free->list, &ctx->vga_blks_free);
> + else
> + list_add_tail(&free->list, &ctx->vga_blks_free);
> + } else {
> + dev_err(ctx->dev, "Failed to register freed block.\n");
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&ctx->list_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t aspeed_xdma_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
> + size_t len, loff_t *offset)
> +{
> + int rc;
> + struct aspeed_xdma_op op;
> + struct aspeed_xdma_client *client = file->private_data;
> + struct aspeed_xdma *ctx = client->ctx;
> + u32 offs = client->phys ? (client->phys - ctx->vga_phys) :
> + XDMA_CMDQ_SIZE;
> +
> + if (len != sizeof(struct aspeed_xdma_op))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + rc = copy_from_user(&op, buf, len);
> + if (rc)
> + return rc;
> +
> + if (op.len > (ctx->vga_size - offs) || op.len < XDMA_BYTE_ALIGN)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
> + if (!mutex_trylock(&ctx->start_lock))
> + return -EAGAIN;
> +
> + if (test_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG, &ctx->flags)) {
> + mutex_unlock(&ctx->start_lock);
> + return -EAGAIN;
> + }
> + } else {
> + mutex_lock(&ctx->start_lock);
> +
> + rc = wait_event_interruptible(ctx->wait,
> + !test_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG,
> + &ctx->flags));
> + if (rc) {
> + mutex_unlock(&ctx->start_lock);
> + return -EINTR;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + ctx->current_client = client;
> + set_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG, &client->flags);
> +
> + aspeed_xdma_start(ctx, &op, ctx->vga_phys + offs);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&ctx->start_lock);
> +
> + if (!(file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)) {
> + rc = wait_event_interruptible(ctx->wait,
> + !test_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG,
> + &ctx->flags));
> + if (rc)
> + return -EINTR;
> + }
> +
> + return len;
> +}
> +
> +static __poll_t aspeed_xdma_poll(struct file *file,
> + struct poll_table_struct *wait)
> +{
> + __poll_t mask = 0;
> + __poll_t req = poll_requested_events(wait);
> + struct aspeed_xdma_client *client = file->private_data;
> + struct aspeed_xdma *ctx = client->ctx;
> +
> + if (req & (EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM)) {
> + if (test_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG, &client->flags))
> + poll_wait(file, &ctx->wait, wait);
> +
> + if (!test_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG, &client->flags))
> + mask |= EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
> + }
> +
> + if (req & (EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM)) {
> + if (test_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG, &ctx->flags))
> + poll_wait(file, &ctx->wait, wait);
> +
> + if (!test_bit(XDMA_IN_PRG, &ctx->flags))
> + mask |= EPOLLOUT | EPOLLWRNORM;
> + }
> +
> + return mask;
> +}
> +
> +static void aspeed_xdma_vma_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +{
> + struct aspeed_xdma_client *client = vma->vm_private_data;
> +
> + aspeed_xdma_free_vga_blk(client->ctx, client->phys, client->size);
> +
> + client->phys = 0;
> + client->size = 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct vm_operations_struct aspeed_xdma_vm_ops = {
> + .close = aspeed_xdma_vma_close,
> +};
> +
> +static int aspeed_xdma_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +{
> + int rc;
> + struct aspeed_xdma_client *client = file->private_data;
> + struct aspeed_xdma *ctx = client->ctx;
> +
> + /* restrict file to one mapping */
> + if (client->size)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + client->size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
> + client->phys = aspeed_xdma_alloc_vga_blk(ctx, client->size);
> + if (!client->phys) {
> + client->size = 0;
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + vma->vm_pgoff = (client->phys - ctx->vga_phys) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + vma->vm_ops = &aspeed_xdma_vm_ops;
> + vma->vm_private_data = client;
> +
> + rc = dma_mmap_coherent(ctx->dev, vma, ctx->vga_virt, ctx->vga_dma,
> + ctx->vga_size);
> + if (rc) {
> + aspeed_xdma_free_vga_blk(ctx, client->phys, client->size);
> +
> + client->phys = 0;
> + client->size = 0;
> + return rc;
> + }
> +
> + dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "mmap: v[%08lx] to p[%08x], s[%08x]\n",
> + vma->vm_start, client->phys, client->size);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int aspeed_xdma_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> + struct miscdevice *misc = file->private_data;
> + struct aspeed_xdma *ctx = container_of(misc, struct aspeed_xdma, misc);
> + struct aspeed_xdma_client *client = kzalloc(sizeof(*client),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + if (!client)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + client->ctx = ctx;
> + file->private_data = client;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int aspeed_xdma_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> + struct aspeed_xdma_client *client = file->private_data;
> +
> + if (client->ctx->current_client == client)
> + client->ctx->current_client = NULL;
> +
> + kfree(client);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations aspeed_xdma_fops = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .write = aspeed_xdma_write,
> + .poll = aspeed_xdma_poll,
> + .mmap = aspeed_xdma_mmap,
> + .open = aspeed_xdma_open,
> + .release = aspeed_xdma_release,
> +};
> +
> static int aspeed_xdma_init_mem(struct aspeed_xdma *ctx)
> {
> int rc;
> @@ -382,12 +647,26 @@ static int aspeed_xdma_init_mem(struct aspeed_xdma *ctx)
> return -ENOMEM;
> }
>
> + aspeed_xdma_free_vga_blk(ctx, ctx->vga_phys, ctx->vga_size);
> + aspeed_xdma_alloc_vga_blk(ctx, XDMA_CMDQ_SIZE);
> +
> dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "VGA mapped at phys[%08x], size[%08x].\n",
> ctx->vga_phys, ctx->vga_size);
>
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static void aspeed_xdma_free_vga_blks(struct aspeed_xdma *ctx)
> +{
> + struct aspeed_xdma_vga_blk *free;
> + struct aspeed_xdma_vga_blk *tmp;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(free, tmp, &ctx->vga_blks_free, list) {
> + list_del(&free->list);
> + kfree(free);
> + }
> +}
> +
> static int aspeed_xdma_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> {
> int irq;
> @@ -402,6 +681,9 @@ static int aspeed_xdma_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> ctx->dev = dev;
> platform_set_drvdata(pdev, ctx);
> init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->wait);
> + mutex_init(&ctx->list_lock);
> + mutex_init(&ctx->start_lock);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->vga_blks_free);
>
> res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> ctx->base = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, res);
> @@ -447,6 +729,22 @@ static int aspeed_xdma_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>
> aspeed_xdma_init_eng(ctx);
>
> + ctx->misc.minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR;
> + ctx->misc.fops = &aspeed_xdma_fops;
> + ctx->misc.name = "xdma";
> + ctx->misc.parent = dev;
> + rc = misc_register(&ctx->misc);
> + if (rc) {
> + dev_err(dev, "Unable to register xdma miscdevice\n");
> +
> + aspeed_xdma_free_vga_blks(ctx);
> + dma_free_coherent(dev, ctx->vga_size, ctx->vga_virt,
> + ctx->vga_dma);
> + dma_release_declared_memory(dev);
> + reset_control_assert(ctx->reset);
> + return rc;
> + }
> +
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -454,6 +752,9 @@ static int aspeed_xdma_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> {
> struct aspeed_xdma *ctx = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
>
> + misc_deregister(&ctx->misc);
> +
> + aspeed_xdma_free_vga_blks(ctx);
> dma_free_coherent(ctx->dev, ctx->vga_size, ctx->vga_virt,
> ctx->vga_dma);
> dma_release_declared_memory(ctx->dev);
> --
> 1.8.3.1
>
>

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