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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 0/6] mm/devm_memremap_pages: Fix page release race
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Apology for resending in plain text.
-jane

On 5/16/19 9:45 AM, Jane Chu wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I'm able to reproduce the panic below by running two sets of ndctl
> commands that actually serve legitimate purpose in parallel (unlike
> the brute force experiment earlier), each set in a indefinite loop.
> This time it takes about an hour to panic.  But I gather the cause
> is probably the same: I've overlapped ndctl commands on the same
> region.
>
> Could we add a check in nd_ioctl(), such that if there is
> an ongoing ndctl command on a region, subsequent ndctl request
> will fail immediately with something to the effect of EAGAIN?
> The rationale being that kernel should protect itself against
> user mistakes.
>
> Also, sensing the subject fix is for a different problem, and has been
> verified, I'm happy to see it in upstream, so we have a better
> code base to digger deeper in terms of how the destructive ndctl
> commands interacts to typical mission critical applications, include
> but not limited to rdma.
>
> thanks,
> -jane
>
> On 5/14/2019 2:18 PM, Jane Chu wrote:
>> On 5/14/2019 12:04 PM, Dan Williams wrote:
>>
>>> On Tue, May 14, 2019 at 11:53 AM Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com> wrote:
>>>> On 5/13/2019 12:22 PM, Logan Gunthorpe wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On 2019-05-08 11:05 a.m., Logan Gunthorpe wrote:
>>>>
>>>> On 2019-05-07 5:55 p.m., Dan Williams wrote:
>>>>
>>>> Changes since v1 [1]:
>>>> - Fix a NULL-pointer deref crash in pci_p2pdma_release() (Logan)
>>>>
>>>> - Refresh the p2pdma patch headers to match the format of other p2pdma
>>>>     patches (Bjorn)
>>>>
>>>> - Collect Ira's reviewed-by
>>>>
>>>> [1]:
>>>> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/155387324370.2443841.574715745262628837.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com/
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> This series looks good to me:
>>>>
>>>> Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
>>>>
>>>> However, I haven't tested it yet but I intend to later this week.
>>>>
>>>> I've tested libnvdimm-pending which includes this series on my setup
>>>> and
>>>> everything works great.
>>>>
>>>> Just wondering in a difference scenario where pmem pages are
>>>> exported to
>>>> a KVM guest, and then by mistake the user issues "ndctl
>>>> destroy-namespace -f",
>>>> will the kernel wait indefinitely until the user figures out to kill
>>>> the guest
>>>> and release the pmem pages?
>>> It depends on whether the pages are pinned. Typically DAX memory
>>> mappings assigned to a guest are not pinned in the host and can be
>>> invalidated at any time. The pinning only occurs with VFIO and
>>> device-assignment which isn't the common case, especially since that
>>> configuration is blocked by fsdax. However, with devdax, yes you can
>>> arrange for the system to go into an indefinite wait.
>>>
>>> This somewhat ties back to the get_user_pages() vs DAX debate. The
>>> indefinite stall issue with device-assignment could be addressed with
>>> a requirement to hold a lease and expect that a lease revocation event
>>> may escalate to SIGKILL in response to 'ndctl destroy-namespace'. The
>>> expectation with device-dax is that it is already a raw interface with
>>> pointy edges and caveats, but I would not be opposed to introducing a
>>> lease semantic.
>>
>> Thanks for the quick response Dan.
>>
>> I am not convinced that the get_user_pages() vs FS-DAX dilemma is a
>> perfect
>> comparison to "ndctl destroy-namespace -f" vs namespace-is-busy dilemma.
>>
>> Others might disagree with me, I thought that there is no risk of panic
>> if we fail "ndctl destroy-namespace -f" to honor a clean shutdown of the
>> user application. Also, both actions are on the same host, so in theory
>> the admin could shutdown the application before attempt a destructive
>> action.
>>
>> By allowing 'opposite' actions in competition with each other at fine
>> granularity, there is potential for panic in general, not necessarily
>> with
>> pinned page I guess.  I just ran an experiment and panic'd the system.
>>
>> So, as Optane DCPMEM is generally for server/cloud deployment, and as
>> RAS is a priority for server over administrative commands, to allow
>> namespace management command to panic kernel is not an option?
>>
>> Here is my stress experiment -
>>   Start out with ./create_nm.sh to create as many 48G devdax namespaces
>> as possible. Once that's completed, firing up 6 actions in quick
>> successions in below order:
>>   -> ndctl destroy-namespace all -f
>>   -> ./create_nm.sh
>>   -> ndctl destroy-namespace all -f
>>   -> ./create_nm.sh
>>   -> ndctl destroy-namespace all -f
>>   -> ./create_nm.sh
>>
>> ==========  console message =======
>> Kernel 5.1.0-rc7-next-20190501-libnvdimm-pending on an x86_64
>>
>> ban25uut130 login: [ 1620.866813] BUG: kernel NULL pointer
>> dereference, address: 0000000000000020
>> [ 1620.874585] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
>> [ 1620.880319] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
>> [ 1620.886052] PGD 0 P4D 0
>> [ 1620.888879] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
>> [ 1620.892964] CPU: 19 PID: 5611 Comm: kworker/u130:3 Tainted:
>> G        W         5.1.0-rc7-next-20190501-libnvdimm-pending #5
>> [ 1620.905389] Hardware name: Oracle Corporation ORACLE SERVER
>> X8-2L/ASM,MTHRBD,2U, BIOS 52020101 05/07/2019
>> [ 1620.916069] Workqueue: events_unbound async_run_entry_fn
>> [ 1620.921997] RIP: 0010:klist_put+0x1b/0x6c
>> [ 1620.926471] Code: 48 8b 43 08 5b 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 55
>> 48 89 e5 41 56 41 89 f6 41 55 41 54 53 4c 8b 27 48 89 fb 49 83 e4 fe
>> 4c 89 e7 <4d> 8b 6c 24 20 e8 3a d4 01 00 45 84 f6 74 10 48 8b 03 a8 01
>> 74 02
>> [ 1620.947427] RSP: 0018:ffffb1a5e6727da0 EFLAGS: 00010246
>> [ 1620.953258] RAX: ffff956796604c00 RBX: ffff956796604c28 RCX:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1620.961223] RDX: ffff955000c2c4d8 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1620.969185] RBP: ffffb1a5e6727dc0 R08: 0000000000000002 R09:
>> ffffffffbb54b3c0
>> [ 1620.977150] R10: ffffb1a5e6727d40 R11: fefefefefefefeff R12:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1620.985116] R13: ffff94d18dcfd000 R14: 0000000000000001 R15:
>> ffff955000caf140
>> [ 1620.993081] FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff95679f4c0000(0000)
>> knlGS:0000000000000000
>> [ 1621.002113] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
>> [ 1621.008524] CR2: 0000000000000020 CR3: 0000009fa100a005 CR4:
>> 00000000007606e0
>> [ 1621.016487] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1621.024450] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7:
>> 0000000000000400
>> [ 1621.032413] PKRU: 55555554
>> [ 1621.035433] Call Trace:
>> [ 1621.038161]  klist_del+0xe/0x10
>> [ 1621.041667]  device_del+0x8a/0x2c9
>> [ 1621.045463]  ? __switch_to_asm+0x34/0x70
>> [ 1621.049840]  ? __switch_to_asm+0x40/0x70
>> [ 1621.054220]  device_unregister+0x44/0x4f
>> [ 1621.058603]  nd_async_device_unregister+0x22/0x2d [libnvdimm]
>> [ 1621.065016]  async_run_entry_fn+0x47/0x15a
>> [ 1621.069588]  process_one_work+0x1a2/0x2eb
>> [ 1621.074064]  worker_thread+0x1b8/0x26e
>> [ 1621.078239]  ? cancel_delayed_work_sync+0x15/0x15
>> [ 1621.083490]  kthread+0xf8/0xfd
>> [ 1621.086897]  ? kthread_destroy_worker+0x45/0x45
>> [ 1621.091954]  ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x40
>> [ 1621.095944] Modules linked in: xt_REDIRECT xt_nat xt_CHECKSUM
>> iptable_mangle xt_MASQUERADE xt_conntrack ipt_REJECT nf_reject_ipv4
>> tun bridge stp llc ebtable_filter ebtables ip6table_filter
>> iptable_filter scsi_transport_iscsi ip6table_nat ip6_tables
>> iptable_nat nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 vfat fat
>> skx_edac intel_powerclamp coretemp kvm_intel kvm irqbypass
>> crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel iTCO_wdt
>> iTCO_vendor_support aesni_intel ipmi_si crypto_simd cryptd glue_helper
>> ipmi_devintf ipmi_msghandler sg pcspkr dax_pmem_compat device_dax
>> dax_pmem_core i2c_i801 pcc_cpufreq lpc_ich ioatdma wmi nfsd
>> auth_rpcgss nfs_acl lockd grace sunrpc ip_tables xfs libcrc32c nd_pmem
>> nd_btt sr_mod cdrom sd_mod mgag200 drm_kms_helper syscopyarea
>> crc32c_intel sysfillrect sysimgblt fb_sys_fops ttm megaraid_sas drm
>> igb ahci libahci ptp libata pps_core dca i2c_algo_bit nfit libnvdimm
>> uas usb_storage dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod
>> [ 1621.189449] CR2: 0000000000000020
>> [ 1621.193169] ---[ end trace 7c3f7029ef24aa5a ]---
>> [ 1621.305383] RIP: 0010:klist_put+0x1b/0x6c
>> [ 1621.309860] Code: 48 8b 43 08 5b 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 55
>> 48 89 e5 41 56 41 89 f6 41 55 41 54 53 4c 8b 27 48 89 fb 49 83 e4 fe
>> 4c 89 e7 <4d> 8b 6c 24 20 e8 3a d4 01 00 45 84 f6 74 10 48 8b 03 a8 01
>> 74 02
>> [ 1621.330809] RSP: 0018:ffffb1a5e6727da0 EFLAGS: 00010246
>> [ 1621.336642] RAX: ffff956796604c00 RBX: ffff956796604c28 RCX:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1621.344606] RDX: ffff955000c2c4d8 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1621.352570] RBP: ffffb1a5e6727dc0 R08: 0000000000000002 R09:
>> ffffffffbb54b3c0
>> [ 1621.360533] R10: ffffb1a5e6727d40 R11: fefefefefefefeff R12:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1621.368496] R13: ffff94d18dcfd000 R14: 0000000000000001 R15:
>> ffff955000caf140
>> [ 1621.376460] FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff95679f4c0000(0000)
>> knlGS:0000000000000000
>> [ 1621.385490] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
>> [ 1621.391902] CR2: 0000000000000020 CR3: 0000009fa100a005 CR4:
>> 00000000007606e0
>> [ 1621.399867] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2:
>> 0000000000000000
>> [ 1621.407830] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7:
>> 0000000000000400
>> [ 1621.415793] PKRU: 55555554
>> [ 1621.418814] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
>> [ 1621.424740] Kernel Offset: 0x39000000 from 0xffffffff81000000
>> (relocation range: 0xffffffff80000000-0xffffffffbfffffff)
>> [ 1621.550711] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception ]---
>>
>>
>> Thanks!
>> -jane
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> Linux-nvdimm mailing list
>> Linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org
>> https://lists.01.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-nvdimm
> _______________________________________________
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> Linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org
> https://lists.01.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-nvdimm

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