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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 0/6] mm/devm_memremap_pages: Fix page release race
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On 5/14/2019 12:04 PM, Dan Williams wrote:

> On Tue, May 14, 2019 at 11:53 AM Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com> wrote:
>> On 5/13/2019 12:22 PM, Logan Gunthorpe wrote:
>>
>> On 2019-05-08 11:05 a.m., Logan Gunthorpe wrote:
>>
>> On 2019-05-07 5:55 p.m., Dan Williams wrote:
>>
>> Changes since v1 [1]:
>> - Fix a NULL-pointer deref crash in pci_p2pdma_release() (Logan)
>>
>> - Refresh the p2pdma patch headers to match the format of other p2pdma
>> patches (Bjorn)
>>
>> - Collect Ira's reviewed-by
>>
>> [1]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/155387324370.2443841.574715745262628837.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com/
>>
>> This series looks good to me:
>>
>> Reviewed-by: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
>>
>> However, I haven't tested it yet but I intend to later this week.
>>
>> I've tested libnvdimm-pending which includes this series on my setup and
>> everything works great.
>>
>> Just wondering in a difference scenario where pmem pages are exported to
>> a KVM guest, and then by mistake the user issues "ndctl destroy-namespace -f",
>> will the kernel wait indefinitely until the user figures out to kill the guest
>> and release the pmem pages?
> It depends on whether the pages are pinned. Typically DAX memory
> mappings assigned to a guest are not pinned in the host and can be
> invalidated at any time. The pinning only occurs with VFIO and
> device-assignment which isn't the common case, especially since that
> configuration is blocked by fsdax. However, with devdax, yes you can
> arrange for the system to go into an indefinite wait.
>
> This somewhat ties back to the get_user_pages() vs DAX debate. The
> indefinite stall issue with device-assignment could be addressed with
> a requirement to hold a lease and expect that a lease revocation event
> may escalate to SIGKILL in response to 'ndctl destroy-namespace'. The
> expectation with device-dax is that it is already a raw interface with
> pointy edges and caveats, but I would not be opposed to introducing a
> lease semantic.

Thanks for the quick response Dan.

I am not convinced that the get_user_pages() vs FS-DAX dilemma is a perfect
comparison to "ndctl destroy-namespace -f" vs namespace-is-busy dilemma.

Others might disagree with me, I thought that there is no risk of panic
if we fail "ndctl destroy-namespace -f" to honor a clean shutdown of the
user application. Also, both actions are on the same host, so in theory
the admin could shutdown the application before attempt a destructive
action.

By allowing 'opposite' actions in competition with each other at fine
granularity, there is potential for panic in general, not necessarily with
pinned page I guess. I just ran an experiment and panic'd the system.

So, as Optane DCPMEM is generally for server/cloud deployment, and as
RAS is a priority for server over administrative commands, to allow
namespace management command to panic kernel is not an option?

Here is my stress experiment -

Start out with ./create_nm.sh to create as many 48G devdax namespaces
as possible. Once that's completed, firing up 6 actions in quick
successions in below order:
 -> ndctl destroy-namespace all -f
-> ./create_nm.sh
-> ndctl destroy-namespace all -f
-> ./create_nm.sh
-> ndctl destroy-namespace all -f
-> ./create_nm.sh

========== console message =======
Kernel 5.1.0-rc7-next-20190501-libnvdimm-pending on an x86_64

ban25uut130 login: [ 1620.866813] BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 0000000000000020
[ 1620.874585] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
[ 1620.880319] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
[ 1620.886052] PGD 0 P4D 0
[ 1620.888879] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
[ 1620.892964] CPU: 19 PID: 5611 Comm: kworker/u130:3 Tainted: G W 5.1.0-rc7-next-20190501-libnvdimm-pending #5
[ 1620.905389] Hardware name: Oracle Corporation ORACLE SERVER X8-2L/ASM,MTHRBD,2U, BIOS 52020101 05/07/2019
[ 1620.916069] Workqueue: events_unbound async_run_entry_fn
[ 1620.921997] RIP: 0010:klist_put+0x1b/0x6c
[ 1620.926471] Code: 48 8b 43 08 5b 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 55 48 89 e5 41 56 41 89 f6 41 55 41 54 53 4c 8b 27 48 89 fb 49 83 e4 fe 4c 89 e7 <4d> 8b 6c 24 20 e8 3a d4 01 00 45 84 f6 74 10 48 8b 03 a8 01 74 02
[ 1620.947427] RSP: 0018:ffffb1a5e6727da0 EFLAGS: 00010246
[ 1620.953258] RAX: ffff956796604c00 RBX: ffff956796604c28 RCX: 0000000000000000
[ 1620.961223] RDX: ffff955000c2c4d8 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: 0000000000000000
[ 1620.969185] RBP: ffffb1a5e6727dc0 R08: 0000000000000002 R09: ffffffffbb54b3c0
[ 1620.977150] R10: ffffb1a5e6727d40 R11: fefefefefefefeff R12: 0000000000000000
[ 1620.985116] R13: ffff94d18dcfd000 R14: 0000000000000001 R15: ffff955000caf140
[ 1620.993081] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff95679f4c0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 1621.002113] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 1621.008524] CR2: 0000000000000020 CR3: 0000009fa100a005 CR4: 00000000007606e0
[ 1621.016487] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 1621.024450] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 1621.032413] PKRU: 55555554
[ 1621.035433] Call Trace:
[ 1621.038161] klist_del+0xe/0x10
[ 1621.041667] device_del+0x8a/0x2c9
[ 1621.045463] ? __switch_to_asm+0x34/0x70
[ 1621.049840] ? __switch_to_asm+0x40/0x70
[ 1621.054220] device_unregister+0x44/0x4f
[ 1621.058603] nd_async_device_unregister+0x22/0x2d [libnvdimm]
[ 1621.065016] async_run_entry_fn+0x47/0x15a
[ 1621.069588] process_one_work+0x1a2/0x2eb
[ 1621.074064] worker_thread+0x1b8/0x26e
[ 1621.078239] ? cancel_delayed_work_sync+0x15/0x15
[ 1621.083490] kthread+0xf8/0xfd
[ 1621.086897] ? kthread_destroy_worker+0x45/0x45
[ 1621.091954] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x40
[ 1621.095944] Modules linked in: xt_REDIRECT xt_nat xt_CHECKSUM iptable_mangle xt_MASQUERADE xt_conntrack ipt_REJECT nf_reject_ipv4 tun bridge stp llc ebtable_filter ebtables ip6table_filter iptable_filter scsi_transport_iscsi ip6table_nat ip6_tables iptable_nat nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 vfat fat skx_edac intel_powerclamp coretemp kvm_intel kvm irqbypass crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support aesni_intel ipmi_si crypto_simd cryptd glue_helper ipmi_devintf ipmi_msghandler sg pcspkr dax_pmem_compat device_dax dax_pmem_core i2c_i801 pcc_cpufreq lpc_ich ioatdma wmi nfsd auth_rpcgss nfs_acl lockd grace sunrpc ip_tables xfs libcrc32c nd_pmem nd_btt sr_mod cdrom sd_mod mgag200 drm_kms_helper syscopyarea crc32c_intel sysfillrect sysimgblt fb_sys_fops ttm megaraid_sas drm igb ahci libahci ptp libata pps_core dca i2c_algo_bit nfit libnvdimm uas usb_storage dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod
[ 1621.189449] CR2: 0000000000000020
[ 1621.193169] ---[ end trace 7c3f7029ef24aa5a ]---
[ 1621.305383] RIP: 0010:klist_put+0x1b/0x6c
[ 1621.309860] Code: 48 8b 43 08 5b 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 41 5f 5d c3 55 48 89 e5 41 56 41 89 f6 41 55 41 54 53 4c 8b 27 48 89 fb 49 83 e4 fe 4c 89 e7 <4d> 8b 6c 24 20 e8 3a d4 01 00 45 84 f6 74 10 48 8b 03 a8 01 74 02
[ 1621.330809] RSP: 0018:ffffb1a5e6727da0 EFLAGS: 00010246
[ 1621.336642] RAX: ffff956796604c00 RBX: ffff956796604c28 RCX: 0000000000000000
[ 1621.344606] RDX: ffff955000c2c4d8 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: 0000000000000000
[ 1621.352570] RBP: ffffb1a5e6727dc0 R08: 0000000000000002 R09: ffffffffbb54b3c0
[ 1621.360533] R10: ffffb1a5e6727d40 R11: fefefefefefefeff R12: 0000000000000000
[ 1621.368496] R13: ffff94d18dcfd000 R14: 0000000000000001 R15: ffff955000caf140
[ 1621.376460] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff95679f4c0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 1621.385490] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 1621.391902] CR2: 0000000000000020 CR3: 0000009fa100a005 CR4: 00000000007606e0
[ 1621.399867] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 1621.407830] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 1621.415793] PKRU: 55555554
[ 1621.418814] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
[ 1621.424740] Kernel Offset: 0x39000000 from 0xffffffff81000000 (relocation range: 0xffffffff80000000-0xffffffffbfffffff)
[ 1621.550711] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception ]---


Thanks!
-jane

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